nep-mig New Economics Papers
on Economics of Human Migration
Issue of 2022‒05‒16
three papers chosen by
Yuji Tamura
La Trobe University

  1. Abundance from Abroad: Migrant Income and Long-Run Economic Development By Gaurav Khanna; Emir Murathanoglu; Caroline B. Theoharides; Dean Yang
  2. Agglomeration Economies and Rural to Urban Migration: A District Level Study Based on 2011 Census Data By Arup Mitra; Rajesh Raushan
  3. Can Leaders Persuade? Examining Movement in Immigration Beliefs By Hassan Afrouzi; Carolina Arteaga; Emily Weisburst

  1. By: Gaurav Khanna; Emir Murathanoglu; Caroline B. Theoharides; Dean Yang
    Abstract: How does income from international migrant labor affect the long-run development of migrant-origin areas? We leverage the 1997 Asian Financial Crisis to identify exogenous changes in international migrant income across regions of the Philippines, derived from spatial variation in exposure to exchange rate shocks. The initial shock to migrant income is magnified in the long run, leading to substantial increases in income in the domestic economy in migrant-origin areas; increases in population education; better-educated migrants; and increased migration in high-skilled jobs. Four-fifths of long-run income gains are actually from domestic (rather than international migrant) income. A simple structural model yields insights on mechanisms and magnitudes, in particular that one-fifth of long-run income gains are due to increased educational investments in origin areas. Increased income from international labor migration not only benefits migrants themselves, but also fosters long-run economic development in migrant-origin areas.
    JEL: F22 J24 O15 O16
    Date: 2022–03
  2. By: Arup Mitra; Rajesh Raushan (Institute of Economic Growth, Delhi)
    Abstract: Keeping in view the concept of agglomeration economies and the New Economic Geography (NEG) angle, this paper makes an attempt to examine the rural to urban population movement at the district level in India. The findings tend to confirm that higher levels of urbanisation and higher migration rates are not strongly associated. Nevertheless, there exists a cluster of districts which are able to attract migrants on a large scale in spite of being already urbanised. The work participation rate, share of services and construction work, and literacy rate all form parts of this positive nexus, indicating that opportunities exist with increased levels of urbanisation which prompt people to migrate. The positive spill-over effects of higher levels of urbanisation are not limited to the urban spaces only as the adjoining rural areas are also indicative of a significant transformation process. The land use pattern and activities seem to be changing and some of the developmental impact is evident. However, having concluded with a positive note it is important to mention that the regional variations in this respect bring out sharp differences in the relationship between urbanisation level and migration rates, determinants of the nature of urbanisation and also, the outcome variables of urbanisation and migration. There are many districts with higher levels of urbanisation; yet, they are not able to attract migrants at a rapid pace. New investment opportunities are to be created in these space to reduce the cost of growth and make employment creation more effective, facilitating the rural population to take the benefits of agglomeration economies.
    Keywords: migration, agglomeration, urbanisation, rural, mobility
    Date: 2021–05
  3. By: Hassan Afrouzi; Carolina Arteaga; Emily Weisburst
    Abstract: Can political leaders change constituents’ beliefs? If so, is it rhetoric, identity, or the interaction of the two that matters? We construct a large-scale experiment where participants are exposed to anti-immigrant and pro-immigrant speeches from both Presidents Obama and Trump. We benchmark these treatments to versions recorded by an actor to control for speech messages. Our findings show that both leader messages and sources matter. Holding messages fixed, leaders persuade when participants hear unanticipated messages from sources perceived as reliable, consistent with a Bayesian framework. This evidence supports the hypothesis that individuals will “follow their leader” to new policy positions.
    Keywords: leaders, political beliefs, partisan identity, polarization, immigration
    JEL: D83 C90
    Date: 2022

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