nep-mig New Economics Papers
on Economics of Human Migration
Issue of 2022‒01‒31
three papers chosen by
Yuji Tamura
La Trobe University

  1. For Children's Sake: Intergenerational Altruism and Parental Migration Intentions By Annalisa Frigo; Elisabetta Lodigiani; Sara Salomone
  2. Extreme weather events and migration intentions By Simone Bertoli; Frédéric Docquier; Hillel Rapoport; Ilse Ruyssen
  3. A place-based approach to migrant integration. Sustainable urban development strategies and the integration of migrants in functional urban areas By Carlotta Fioretti; Paola Proietti; Guido Tintori; Pieter Bevelander; Paola Briata; Marco Cremaschi; Nikos Karadimitriou; Thomas Maloutas; Jérémy Mandin; Erica Righard

  1. By: Annalisa Frigo (UNIVERSITE CATHOLIQUE DE LOUVAIN, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES)); Elisabetta Lodigiani (University of Padua, Department of Economics and Management and LdA); Sara Salomone (UGent and UNU-CRIS)
    Abstract: While economic research has extensively studied the consequences of migration on children, we advance that having (or intention to have) ospring may constitute a reason to move per se. Exploiting individual-level data, this paper investigates to what extent the perceived lack of child well-being fosters parental migration intentions. Taking advantage of a large survey, the Gallup World Poll, which covers 23 Latin American and Caribbean countries between the years 2009 and 2015, we show that the perception of poor opportunities for children in one's own country is an important push factor in the parental intention to migrate internationally, besides the other individual determinants of the decision to move abroad. The magnitude and robustness of the estimate are examined by running a battery of tests. Furthermore, with the goal of tackling the potential endogeneity issues, for a subset of countries, we exploit the region of residence and the date of the interview of respondents and we instrument individual perceptions of child well-being with the timing and location of Catholic clergy scandals concerning the sexual abuse of minors.
    Keywords: International Migration, Intergenerational Altruism
    JEL: F22 J13 D64
    Date: 2021–12–23
  2. By: Simone Bertoli (CERDI - Centre d'Études et de Recherches sur le Développement International - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UCA - Université Clermont Auvergne); Frédéric Docquier (LISER - Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research); Hillel Rapoport (PSE - Paris School of Economics - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement); Ilse Ruyssen
    Abstract: Empirical analyses around the relationship between extreme weather events and migration typically face the choice between an in-depth focus on a specific setting with micro data, and a focus on a large set of countries and time periods. The former produce evidence that can be of limited external validity, while the latter is limited to data that are very coarse (across both time and space). We use individual-level data on migration intentions from various waves of the Gallup World Polls, for which we have precise information on the place and date of the interview, to combine the advantages of these two approaches.
    Abstract: Les analyses empiriques de la relation entre les événements météorologiques extrêmes et la migration sont généralement confrontées au choix entre une analyse approfondie, focalisée sur un espace géographique restreint, à partir de données micro, et une focalisation plus large sur un ensemble de pays et de périodes. La première option produit des résultats dont la validité externe est limitée, tandis que la seconde se limite souvent à une analyse de données très grossières (à la fois dans le temps et dans l'espace). Dans cet article, nous utilisons des données individuelles sur les intentions migratoires issues de différentes vagues des Gallup World Polls, pour lesquelles nous disposons d'informations précises sur le lieu et la date de l'entretien, afin de combiner les avantages de ces deux approches.
    Keywords: Weather shocks,Individual-level data,Migration intentions,International migration,Western africa
    Date: 2021–12–08
  3. By: Carlotta Fioretti (European Commission - JRC); Paola Proietti (European Commission - JRC); Guido Tintori (European Commission - JRC); Pieter Bevelander (Malmö University); Paola Briata (Polytechnic University of Milan); Marco Cremaschi (Sciences Po Paris); Nikos Karadimitriou (University College of London); Thomas Maloutas (Harokopio University of Athens); Jérémy Mandin (University of Liege); Erica Righard (Malmö University)
    Abstract: This Science for Policy report focuses on urban and territorial strategies promoted by the EU Cohesion Policy during the 2014-2020 programming period, namely Sustainable Urban Development (SUD), Integrated Territorial Investment (ITI) and Community-led Local Development (CLLD), and explores whether and how they may contribute to the integration and inclusion of international migrants in the local context. The study illustrates the findings of the Joint Research Centre (JRC) Exploratory Research Activity (ERA) International migrants in Functional Urban Areas. How strategies of sustainable urban development can foster the integration of migrants?, which integrates two analytical approaches, with in-depth case studies based on local data and performed by local academics complementing the analysis carried out at EU-level.
    Keywords: Urban and territorial development strategies, Cohesion Policy, migrant integration
    Date: 2021–12

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