nep-mig New Economics Papers
on Economics of Human Migration
Issue of 2021‒11‒01
five papers chosen by
Yuji Tamura
La Trobe University

  1. Housing property rights and social integration of migrant population: based on the 2017 china migrants' dynamic survey By Jingwen Tan; Shixi Kang
  2. "The Best Country in the World": The Surprising Social Mobility of New York’s Irish Famine Immigrants By Tyler Anbinder; Cormac Ó Gráda; Simone Wegge
  3. Information and Immigrant Settlement By Toman Barsbai; Victoria Licuanan; Andreas Steinmayr; Erwin Tiongson; Dean Yang
  4. Functional instrumental variable regression with an application to estimating the impact of immigration on native wages By Dakyung Seong; Won-Ki Seo
  5. The redistributive effects of enfranchising non-citizens. Evidence from Sweden By Iñigo Iturbe-Ormaetxe; Santiago Sanchez-Pages; Angel Solano-Garcia

  1. By: Jingwen Tan (School of Economics, Henan University); Shixi Kang (School of Economics, Henan University)
    Abstract: Push-pull theory, one of the most important macro theories in demography, argues that population migration is driven by a combination of push (repulsive) forces at the place of emigration and pull (attractive) forces at the place of emigration. Based on the push-pull theory, this paper shows another practical perspective of the theory by measuring the reverse push and pull forces from the perspective of housing property rights. We use OLS and sequential Probit models to analyze the impact of urban and rural property rights factors on the social integration of the migrant population-based, on "China Migrants' Dynamic Survey". We found that after controlling for personal and urban characteristics, there is a significant negative effect of rural property rights (homestead) ownership of the mobile population on their socio-economic integration, and cultural and psychological integration in the inflow area. The effect of urban house price on social integration of the migrant population is consistent with the "inverted U-shaped" nonlinear assumption: when the house price to income ratio of the migrant population in the inflow area increases beyond the inflection point, its social integration level decreases. That is, there is an inverse push force and pull force mechanism of housing property rights on population mobility.
    Date: 2021–10
  2. By: Tyler Anbinder; Cormac Ó Gráda; Simone Wegge
    Abstract: We use databases we have created from the records of New York’s Emigrant Savings Bank, founded by pre-Famine Irish immigrants and their children to serve Famine era immigrants, to study the social mobility of bank customers and, by extension, Irish immigrants more generally. We infer that New York’s Famine Irish had a greater range of employment opportunities open to them than perhaps commonly acknowledged, and that the majority were eventually able to move a rung or two up the American socio-economic ladder, supporting the conviction of many Famine immigrants that the U.S. was indeed “the best country in the world.”
    Keywords: Famine; Migration; Ireland; New York
    JEL: N0 N3 J6 G21
    Date: 2021–08
  3. By: Toman Barsbai; Victoria Licuanan; Andreas Steinmayr; Erwin Tiongson; Dean Yang
    Abstract: We study a randomly-assigned program providing information on U.S. settlement for new Filipino immigrants. The intervention, a 2.5-hour pre-departure training and an accompanying paper handbook, has no effect on employment, settlement, and subjective wellbeing, but leads immigrants to acquire substantially fewer social network connections. We rationalize these findings with a simple model, showing that information and social network links are substitutes under reasonable assumptions. Consistent with the model, the treatment reduces social network links more when costs of acquiring network links are lower. Offsetting reductions in the acquisition of social network connections can hence reduce the effectiveness of information interventions.
    Keywords: Immigrant integration, social networks, imperfect information, multiple hypothesis testing
    JEL: D83 F22
    Date: 2021
  4. By: Dakyung Seong; Won-Ki Seo
    Abstract: Functional linear regression gets its popularity as a statistical tool to study the relationship between function-valued response and exogenous explanatory variables. However, in practice, it is hard to expect that the explanatory variables of interest are perfectly exogenous, due to, for example, the presence of omitted variables and measurement errors, and this in turn limits the applicability of the existing estimators whose essential asymptotic properties, such as consistency, are developed under the exogeneity condition. To resolve this issue, this paper proposes new instrumental variable estimators for functional endogenous linear models, and establishes their asymptotic properties. We also develop a novel test for examining if various characteristics of the response variable depend on the explanatory variable in our model. Simulation experiments under a wide range of settings show that the proposed estimators and test perform considerably well. We apply our methodology to estimate the impact of immigration on native wages.
    Date: 2021–10
  5. By: Iñigo Iturbe-Ormaetxe (: Departamento de Fundamentos del An·lisis EconÛmico (FAE), Universidad de Alicante.); Santiago Sanchez-Pages (King's College London.); Angel Solano-Garcia (Department of Economic Theory and Economic History, University of Granada.)
    Abstract: We study theoretically and empirically the redistributive effects of extending voting rights to non-citizens. Our model predicts a tax increase when newly enfranchised voters represent a sufficiently large fraction of voters. We study the 1975 Swedish electoral reform that extended voting rights to non-citizens in municipal elections. In the first term after the reform, there was a tax increase that was not repeated in subsequent terms. This increase was stronger the greater the foreign population in the municipality. This effect was concentrated in municipalities where the size of the non-citizen population was large enough to upturn the previous electoral outcome.
    Keywords: : Immigration, Conflict, Income redistribution, Inequality, enfranchisement.
    JEL: D72 D74 F22
    Date: 2021–10–20

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