nep-mig New Economics Papers
on Economics of Human Migration
Issue of 2021‒10‒04
four papers chosen by
Yuji Tamura
La Trobe University

  1. Effects of internal rural-urban migration on rural non-farm enterprises: Evidence from Thailand and Vietnam By Grabrucker, Katharina
  2. French Female Managers from North African origin: an integration "à la française" By Arnaud Lacheret
  3. International Trade, Intellectual Property Rights and the (Un)employment of Migrants By Guichard, Lucas; Stepanok, Ignat
  4. Who Suffers the Greatest Loss? Costs of Job Displacement for Migrants and Natives By Illing, Hannah; Koch, Theresa

  1. By: Grabrucker, Katharina
    Abstract: Migration is a phenomenon of increasing global relevance as year by year a growing number of individuals is leaving their home driven by the pursuit to improve the well-being of their households through additional income. While the drivers of international migration and its effect on the left-behind households have been well researched, less focus has been put on the effects of internal, rural-urban migration (and its concomitant remittances). This paper analyses the net effects of remittances from internal, rural-urban migrants on selfemployment and on investments of the left-behind households by using a rich household level panel data set from Thailand and Vietnam. The findings indicate that individuals from households receiving remittances from internal, rural-urban migrants are less likely to be self-employed - both in Thailand and Vietnam. The channels through which remittances affect the labor supply of the receiving households cannot be determined with certainty, yet one of the potential reasons might be that left-behind household members need to compensate for the lost labor of the migrant who was previously engaged in farm activities. Moreover, the results show for some specifications lower investments of migrant households into farm and non-farm assets, while the expenditure on consumption is higher compared to households without migrants. This might be an indication that non-farm activities are less important for rural left-behind households, while remittances might be directly used to increase the consumption level - which might have been low before the migration.
    Keywords: Internal migration,Remittances,Rural non-farm enterprises,Thailand,Vietnam
    JEL: D22 F24 O15 Q12 R23
    Date: 2021
  2. By: Arnaud Lacheret (Arabian Gulf University)
    Abstract: The integration process of migrants from a different culture is an important subject in developed countries, especially in France. Due to its colonial past, France has welcomed many workers from North Africa since the 60s. This first generation was composed of non-skilled workers who occupied jobs mostly in the industrial sector. This immigration was supposed to be temporary and the immigrants, mostly men, were not supposed to become French let alone be integrated in French society. However, after several years, most of these workers arranged the immigration of their spouses and founded households in France. This settlement was not really anticipated in France and from the early 80s onward, the integration of those new French citizens became a political priority. In our research, we assumed that the integration of the second generation of French North African immigrants can be compared with one that was the subject of a previous study we conducted: a study of the integration of female managers in the Gulf. After various reforms by local Governments it had become easier for women to raise in the social scale in those countries (Lacheret, 2020; Lacheret and Farooq, 2021).
    Date: 2021–09
  3. By: Guichard, Lucas; Stepanok, Ignat (Institute for Employment Research (IAB), Nuremberg, Germany)
    Abstract: "We study the effect of trade liberalization and intellectual property rights (IPR) protection on the unemployment rate of migrants relative to non-migrants. We build a North-South trade and growth model with a positive steady state rate of migration. We find that bilateral trade liberalization decreases the relative unemployment rate of migrants when migration is low and increases the relative unemployment rate when the migration rate is high. The results do not rely on assumptions about network effects, the probability to find a job for a migrant is independent of the relative size of the migrant diaspora. IPR protection leads to a higher relative unemployment rate of migrants regardless of the size of migration. We empirically test and confirm the theoretical predictions on trade liberalization and IPR protection using data for 20 OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) countries over the period 2000-2014." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))
    Keywords: Außenhandel ; Auswirkungen ; Beschäftigungseffekte ; Einwanderungsland ; Inländer ; internationale Migration ; internationaler Vergleich ; Liberalisierung ; Migranten ; OECD ; Arbeitslosenquote ; Urheberrecht ; 2000-2014
    JEL: F12 F16 F22 F43 J63 O34
    Date: 2021–07–30
  4. By: Illing, Hannah (Institute for Employment Research (IAB), Nuremberg, Germany); Koch, Theresa (Institute for Employment Research (IAB), Nuremberg, Germany)
    Abstract: "We are the first to provide empirical evidence on differences in the individual costs of job loss for migrants compared to natives in Germany. Using linked employer-employee data for the period 1996-2017, we compute each displaced worker’s earnings, wage, and employment loss after a mass layoff in comparison to a matched, nondisplaced, control worker. We find that migrants face substantially higher earnings losses than natives due to both higher wage and employment losses. Differences in individual characteristics and differential sorting across industries and occupations can fully explain the gap in wage losses but not the employment gap after displacement. Laid-off migrants are both less likely to become reemployed and work fewer days than laid-off natives. In terms of channels, we show that i) migrants sort into worse establishments and ii) migrants’ slightly lower geographic mobility across federal states may explain part of their lower re-employment success; iii) our results suggest that competition from other migrants, rather than natives, negatively contributes to migrants’ costs of job loss." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))
    Keywords: Bundesrepublik Deutschland ; Auswirkungen ; berufliche Reintegration ; Einkommensentwicklung ; IAB-Betriebs-Historik-Panel ; Inländer ; Integrierte Erwerbsbiografien ; Lohn ; Migranten ; Arbeitslose ; Arbeitslosigkeitsbewältigung ; Ungleichheit ; Arbeitsmarktchancen ; Arbeitsplatzverlust ; 1996-2017
    JEL: J20 J61 J63 J64 J65
    Date: 2021–05–04

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