nep-mig New Economics Papers
on Economics of Human Migration
Issue of 2020‒11‒09
five papers chosen by
Yuji Tamura
La Trobe University

  1. Labour Market Realism and the Global Compacts on Migration and Refugees By Philip Martin; Martin Ruhs
  2. Social Barriers to Female Migration: Theory and Evidence from Bangladesh By Amirapu, Amrit; Asadullah, M Niaz; Wahhaj, Zaki
  3. Heterogeneity in effective VAT rates across native and migrant households in France, Germany and Spain By Michael Christl; Andrea Papini; Alberto Tumino
  4. The Role of Information Provision for Attitudes Towards Immigration: An Experimental Investigation. By Patrick Bareinz; Silke Uebelmesser
  5. Migration and the labour market impacts of COVID-19 By Nathan Barker; C. Austin Davis; Paula López-Peña; Harrison Mitchell; A. Mushfiq Mobarak; Karim Naguib; Maira Emy Reimão; Ashish Shenoy; Corey Vernot

  1. By: Philip Martin; Martin Ruhs
    Abstract: The Global Compacts on Migration (GCM) and Refugees (GCR) include policy recommendations that aim to increase opportunities for legal labour migration, improve protections for migrant workers, and provide refugees with ‘complementary pathways’ to enhanced protection via labour mobility. This paper explains why there are large gaps between these policy recommendations and the labour market policies and realities in the countries that host most of the world’s migrant workers. These gaps between ideals and realities are likely to limit the effective implementation of the GCM/GCR recommendations on labour migration. More ‘labour market realism‘ is needed to incrementally but effectively improve protections for migrant workers.
    Keywords: Global compacts, migrant workers, refugees, complementary pathways
    Date: 2019–03
  2. By: Amirapu, Amrit; Asadullah, M Niaz; Wahhaj, Zaki
    Abstract: Traditional gender norms can restrict independent migration by women, thus preventing them from taking advantage of economic opportunities in urban non-agricultural industries. However, women may be able to circumvent such restrictions by using marriage to engage in long-distance migration - if they are able to match with migrating grooms. Guided by a theoretical model in which women make marriage and migration decisions jointly, we hypothesize that marriage and labour markets will be inextricably linked by the possibility of marital migration. To test our hypotheses, we use the event of the construction of a major bridge in Bangladesh - which dramatically reduced travel time between the economically deprived north-western region and the manufacturing belt located around the capital city Dhaka - as a source of plausibly exogenous variation in migration costs. Our empirical ffndings support our model's main predictions and provide strong evidence for the existence of social barriers to female migration.
    Keywords: migration,marriage markets,female labour force participation,gender norms
    JEL: J12 J16 J61 O15 O18 R23
    Date: 2020
  3. By: Michael Christl (European Commission - JRC); Andrea Papini (European Commission - JRC); Alberto Tumino (European Commission - JRC)
    Abstract: This paper contributes to the literature on the distributional properties of VAT analysing who bears higher VAT payments between native and migrant household in France, Germany and Spain. The question is of interest both from a distributional and fiscal perspective, fitting the ongoing debate of the net fiscal impact of immigration. Using data from the 2010 EU HBS and a simple VAT calculator we show the existence of gaps in effective VAT rates between native and migrant households in France and in Spain, while no significant gap is observed in Germany. Our results also confirm the existing evidence on the regressivity of VAT with respect to income. These findings suggest that the fairness consequences of VAT reforms should be carefully assessed and advocate for the importance of considering indirect taxation when assessing the fiscal cost of migration.
    Keywords: VAT, redistribution, migration
    JEL: H24 R20 D12
    Date: 2020–10
  4. By: Patrick Bareinz; Silke Uebelmesser
    Abstract: We conduct a survey experiment on the effect of information provision on attitudes towards immigration in Germany. The focus lies on two theory-based economic channels, labor market and welfare state concerns, and immigration policy preferences. Using probability-based representative survey data, we experimentally vary the quantity and the type of information provided to respondents. We find that a bundle of information on both the share and the unemployment rate of foreigners robustly decreases welfare state concerns about immigration. There are slightly less pronounced effects on the labor market and policy channels. Further data-driven analyses reveal heterogeneity in treatment effects. Our findings therefore suggest that careful composition and targeting of information interventions can increase their effectiveness in the public debate on immigration.
    Keywords: immigration attitudes, survey experiment, information provision, belief updating, welfare state, labor market, machine learning
    JEL: C90 D83 F22 J15
    Date: 2020
  5. By: Nathan Barker; C. Austin Davis; Paula López-Peña; Harrison Mitchell; A. Mushfiq Mobarak; Karim Naguib; Maira Emy Reimão; Ashish Shenoy; Corey Vernot
    Abstract: Using detailed microdata, we document how migration-dependent households are especially vulnerable during the COVID-19 pandemic. We create pre- and post-COVID panel datasets for three populations in Bangladesh and Nepal, leveraging experimental and observational variation in prior migration dependence. We report 25 per cent greater declines in earnings and fourfold greater prevalence of food insecurity among migrant households since March. Causes include lower migration rates, less remittance income per migrant, isolation in origin communities, and greater health risks.
    Keywords: Migration, COVID-19, panel, Bangladesh, Nepal
    Date: 2020

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