nep-mig New Economics Papers
on Economics of Human Migration
Issue of 2017‒10‒29
34 papers chosen by
Yuji Tamura
La Trobe University

  1. Creativity over Time and Space By Serafinelli, Michel; Tabellini, Guido
  2. The Influence of Migration on Adaptation and Mitigation - a Political Economy Approach By Rybicki, Jakub
  3. The Choice of Technology and Rural-Urban Migration in Economic Development By Zhou, Haiwen
  4. Employment and Human Capital Investment Intentions among Recent Refugees in Germany By Peter Haan; Martin Kroh; Kent Troutman
  5. Computerization and Immigration: Theory and Evidence from the United States By Gaetano Basso; Giovanni Peri; Ahmed Rahman
  6. The Effect of Language Training on Immigrants' Economic Integration - Empirical Evidence from France By Alexia Lochmann; Hillel Rapoport; Biagio Speciale
  7. Understanding the Effects of Legalizing Undocumented Immigrants By Joan Monras; Javier Vázquez-Grenno; Ferran Elias
  8. Migration, Education and Work Opportunities By Girsberger, Esther Mirjam
  9. Unity in Diversity? Ethnicity, Migration, and Nation Building in Indonesia By Bazzi, Samuel; Gaduh, Arya; Rothenberg, Alexander; Wong, Maisy
  10. Hate at First Sight? Dynamic Aspects of the Electoral Impact of Migrations: The Case of the UK and Brexit By Fabrizio Patriarca; Rama Dasi Mariani; Eugenio Levi
  11. Understanding the Impact of Tuition Fees in Foreign Education: the Case of the UK. By Lionel Ragot; Michel Beine; Marco Delogu
  12. Effects of Emigration on Rural Labor Markets By Agha Ali Akram; Shyamal Chowdhury; Ahmed Mushfiq Mobarak
  13. Educational Choice, Rural-urban Migration and Economic Development By Pei-Ju Liao; Ping Wang; Yin-Chi Wang; Chong Kee Yip
  14. How Do Latin American Migrants in the U.S. Stand on Schooling Premium? What Does It Reveal about Education Quality in Their Home Countries? By Alonso-Soto, Daniel; Nopo, Hugo R.
  15. Does population diversity matter for economic development in the very long-term? Historic migration, diversity and county wealth in the US By Rodríguez-Pose, Andrés; von Berlepsch, Viola
  16. Current Migration Phenomenon and Labor Productivity in Christian Perspective By Adrian Gh. Paul
  17. Do climatic events influence internal migration? Evidence from Mexico By Vicente Ruiz
  18. The Effect of Immigrant Peers in Vocational Schools By Frattini, Tommaso; Meschi, Elena
  19. Should Immigrants Culturally Assimilate or Preserve Their Own Culture? Individual Beliefs and the Longevity of National Identity By Peter Grajzl; Jonathan Eastwood; Valentina Dimitrova-Grajzl
  20. Global Migration: A Managerial “Cultural†Perspective By Nelu Burcea
  21. Are National Identities Artificial? By Marian Gh. Simion
  22. Migration and the Church in Contemporary Europe By Sorin Badragan
  23. The Impact of Migration on Church Mission By Liviu Ursache
  24. The Effects of Migration on Romanian Employees: A Managerial Perspective By Cristian-Liviu Vele
  25. Migration of the Evangelical Culture in Romania After the Fall of Communism By Ieremia Rusu
  26. Migration: Social-Religious Synergy from the Perspective of Dogma History By Iacob Coman
  27. The Church and Migration: The Role of Faith in Social Integration and Behavior Change of the Roma People By Daniel Fodorean
  28. Is There a Theological Side to the Romanian Exodus? By Teodor-Ioan Colda
  29. The Phenomenon of Migration in Contemporary Society Viewed from a Religious Perspective By Ioan Lucian Racila
  30. Judaism and Migration By Ioan Stinghe
  31. The Migration Phenomenon and the Neo–Protestant Denominations in Romania By Lucian Ionel Mercea
  32. Migration and investment: a business cycle perspective By Fusshoeller, Chantal; Balleer, Almut
  33. Migration and Its Consequences By Ivan Vasile Ivanoff
  34. Design and implementation of a high quality probability sample of immigrants and ethnic minorities: lessons learnt By Lynn, Peter; Nandi, Alita; Parutis, Violetta; Platt, Lucinda

  1. By: Serafinelli, Michel; Tabellini, Guido
    Abstract: Creativity is often highly concentrated in time and space, and across different domains. What explains the formation and decay of clusters of creativity? In this paper we match data on thousands of notable individuals born in Europe between the XIth and the XIXth century with historical data on city institutions and population. After documenting several stylized facts, we show that the formation of creative clusters is not preceded by increases in city size. Instead, the emergence of city institutions protecting economic and political freedoms facilitates the attraction and production of creative talent
    Keywords: agglomeration; Gravity; Immigration; Innovation; Political Institutions
    JEL: J61 N13 O10 R10
    Date: 2017–10
  2. By: Rybicki, Jakub
    Abstract: This paper analyses the effect of migration on other adaptation measures and on mitigation from a political economy perspective. Mitigation is represented by an ecotax while adaptation is represented by a dike. In our model, we focus on a coastal region where individuals are heterogeneous in income and location and where flood risk exists. A main result is that the option to move away decreases the political support for mitigation while the effect on adaptation can be positive or negative.
    JEL: D70 Q54 R23
    Date: 2017
  3. By: Zhou, Haiwen
    Abstract: This paper studies a general equilibrium model of rural-urban migration in which manufacturing firms engage in oligopolistic competition and choose increasing returns technologies to maximize profits. Urban residents incur commuting costs to work in the Central Business District. Surprisingly a change in the size of the population or an increase in the exogenously given wage rate will not affect a manufacturing firm’s choice of technology. This helps to explain why firms in developing countries may not adopt labor intensive technologies even under abundant labor supply. An increase in the number of manufacturing firms increases both the employment rate and the level of employment in the manufacturing sector. However, manufacturing firms choose less advanced technologies. Capital accumulation leads manufacturing firms to choose more advanced technologies, but may not increase employment in the manufacturing sector.
    Keywords: Economic development, the choice of technology, rural-urban migration, increasing returns, urbanization
    JEL: O14 O18 R14
    Date: 2017–10–20
  4. By: Peter Haan; Martin Kroh; Kent Troutman
    Abstract: Motivations to participate in the labour market as well as to invest in labour market skills are crucial for the successful integration of refugees. In this paper we use a unique dataset – the IAB-BAMF-SOEP Refugee Survey, which is a representative longitudinal study of all refugees reported on administrative records in Germany – and analyse which determinants and characteristics are correlated with high motivation and intention to participate in the labour market. We find that overall men have a strong intention to work and to invest in human capital. The result for women is different: among women, having children, lack of German language skills, and having no previous work experience significantly and consistently correlate with lower expectations and intentions of future economic integration. Furthermore, we find a significant relationship between the degree of traditional or patriarchal views of women’s societal roles, and our corresponding outcomes of interest.
    Keywords: Refugees, labor market integration, human capital investment
    JEL: F22 J22 J24
    Date: 2017
  5. By: Gaetano Basso; Giovanni Peri; Ahmed Rahman
    Abstract: The changes in technology that took place in the US during the last three decades, mainly due to the introduction of computerization and automation, have been characterized as “routine-substituting.” They have reduced the demand for routine tasks, but have increased the demand for analytical tasks. Indirectly they have also increased the demand for manual tasks and service oriented occupations. Little is known about how these changes have impacted immigration, or task specialization between immigrants and natives. In this paper we show that such technological progress has attracted skilled and unskilled immigrants, with the latter group increasingly specialized in manual-service occupations. We also show that the immigration response has helped to reduce the polarization of employment for natives. We explain these facts with a model of technological progress and endogenous immigration. Simulations show that immigration in the presence of technological change attenuates the drop in routine employment and the increase in service employment for natives.
    JEL: J15 J24 O15 O33
    Date: 2017–10
  6. By: Alexia Lochmann; Hillel Rapoport; Biagio Speciale
    Abstract: We examine the impact of language training on the economic integration of immigrants in France. The assignment to this training, offered by the French Ministry of the Interior, depends mainly on a precise rule: the training is available when the test score of an initial language exam is below a certain threshold. This eligibility rule creates a discontinuity in the relation between the test result and the variables of interest, which is used to estimate the causal effect of this training, through the method of Regression Discontinuity Design. We find that the number of assigned hours of training significantly increases labor force participation of the treated individuals. The language classes appear to have a larger effect for labor migrants and refugees relative to family migrants, for men and individuals below the median age, and for individuals with higher levels of education. Our estimates suggest that the main channel for the improved labor market participation is the information on job search strategies that immigrants derive from the interaction with their classmates and teachers during classes.
    Keywords: immigrants’ integration, language training, Regression Discontinuity Design
    JEL: J15 J61 J68
    Date: 2017
  7. By: Joan Monras (CEMFI and CEPR); Javier Vázquez-Grenno (Universitat de Barcelona and IEB); Ferran Elias (University of Copenhagen)
    Abstract: This paper investigates the consequences of the legalization of around 600,000 immigrants by the unexpectedly elected Spanish government of Zapatero following the terrorist attacks of March 2004 (Garcia-Montalvo, 2011). Using detailed data from payroll-tax revenues, we estimate that each newly legalized immigrant increased local social-security revenues by 3,504 Euros on average. This estimate is only 49 percent of what we would have expected from the size of the newly documented immigrants, which suggests that newly legalized immigrants probably earned lower wages than, and maybe affected the labor-market outcomes of, other workers. We estimate that the policy change deteriorated the labor-market outcomes of some low-skilled natives and immigrants and improved the outcomes of highskilled natives and immigrants. This led some low-skilled immigrants to move away from high-immigrant locations. Correcting for internal migration and selection, we obtain that each newly legalized immigrant increased payroll-tax re nues by 4,368 Euros or 25 percent more than the raw payroll-tax revenue data estimates. This shows the importance of looking both at public revenue data and the labor market to understand the consequences of amnesty programs fully.
    Keywords: Immigration, undocumented immigrants, public policy evaluation
    JEL: F22 J31 J61 R11
    Date: 2017–10
  8. By: Girsberger, Esther Mirjam (University of Lausanne)
    Abstract: I study individual location, education and work decisions in a dynamic life-cycle model in a developing country. I estimate the model exploiting panel data on migrants and stayers in Burkina Faso, and cross-sectional data on permanent emigrants. Individuals self-select into migration and locations based on education. Migration to urban centres increases with education, while migrants at the extremes of the education distribution tend to move abroad. Local unemployment rates, skilled work opportunities and returns to education result in differential expected income gains across locations and hereby explain the complex migration pattern observed. Large income gains from migration are partially offset by direct and indirect migration costs, as well as by higher investment in education (for rural migrants). Migration prospects to urban centres drive education choices of rural individuals. Hence, migration policies can be used to stimulate educational attainment in rural regions.
    Keywords: migration, education, life-cycle model, simulated method of moments, Burkina Faso
    JEL: J61 O15 R58
    Date: 2017–09
  9. By: Bazzi, Samuel; Gaduh, Arya; Rothenberg, Alexander; Wong, Maisy
    Abstract: Throughout history, many governments have introduced policies to unite diverse groups through a shared sense of national identity. However, intergroup relationships at the local level are often slow to develop and confounded by spatial sorting and segregation. We shed new light on the long-run process of nation building using one of history's largest resettlement programs. Between 1979 and 1988, the Transmigration program in Indonesia relocated two million voluntary migrants from the Inner Islands of Java and Bali to the Outer Islands, in an effort to integrate geographically segregated ethnic groups. Migrants could not choose their destinations, and the unprecedented scale of the program created hundreds of new communities with varying degrees of diversity. We exploit this policy-induced variation to identify the nonlinear ways in which diversity shapes incentives to integrate more than a decade after resettlement. Using rich data on language use at home, marriage, and identity choices, we find stronger integration in diverse communities. To understand why changes in diversity did not lead to social anomie or conflict, we identify mechanisms that influence intergroup relationships, including residential segregation, cultural distance, and perceived economic and political competition from migrants. Overall, our findings contribute lessons for the design of resettlement policies and provide a unique lens into the intergenerational process of integration and nation building.
    Keywords: Cultural change; diversity; identity; Language; migration; Nation building
    JEL: D02 D71 J15 O15 R23
    Date: 2017–10
  10. By: Fabrizio Patriarca (Sapienza University of Rome); Rama Dasi Mariani (Sapienza University of Rome); Eugenio Levi (Sapienza University of Rome)
    Abstract: Recent studies provide evidence that immigration has a significant positive effect on the vote for parties with anti-immigration agendas. However, this result does not emerge if we apply the same empirical analysis to the UK, whether in the case of Brexit, or if we consider support for Ukip or the political intentions expressed in the BES survey. To account for this and other fragmented evidence in the literature on personal attitudes towards immigration, we formulate the hypothesis that the increase in anti-immigration views resulting from an increased number of immigrants in a neighbourhood is a temporary effect. Different underlying mechanisms may be at the root of such negative short-run effects, such as material concerns about the adjustment cost of new migration flows, or prejudicial attitudes, both denoting a “hate at first sight” effect. We build an econometric strategy to test for the existence of such a short-run effect in the case of Brexit and then assess the robustness of our result using a panel of the vote for Ukip and individual data from the BES survey. The evidence robustly supports our hypothesis and provides a basis for further analysis.
    Keywords: Immigration, Voting, Political Economy, Brexit, Biased attitudes
    JEL: P16 J61 D72 D83
    Date: 2017–10
  11. By: Lionel Ragot; Michel Beine; Marco Delogu
    Abstract: This paper studies the determinants of international students mobility at the university level, focusing specifically on the role of tuition fees. We first develop an original Random Utility Maximization model of location choice for international students in the presence of capacity constraints of the hosting institutions. The last layer of the model gives rise to a gravity equation. This equation is estimated using new data on student migration flows at the university level for the U.K. We control for the endogeneity of tuition fees by taking benefit of the institutional constraints in terms of tuition caps applied in the UK to European students at the bachelor level. The estimations support a negative impact of tuition fees and stress the need to account for the endogenous nature of the fees in the empirical identification of their impact. The estimations also support an important role of additional destination-specific variables such as host capacity, the expected return of education and the cost of living in the vicinity of the university.
    Keywords: Foreign students; Tuition fees; Location choice; University Quality.
    JEL: F22 H52 I23 O15
    Date: 2017
  12. By: Agha Ali Akram; Shyamal Chowdhury; Ahmed Mushfiq Mobarak
    Abstract: Rural to urban migration is an integral part of the development process, but there is little evidence on how out-migration transforms rural labor markets. Emigration could benefit landless village residents by reducing labor competition, or conversely, reduce productivity if skilled workers leave. We offer to subsidize transport costs for 5792 potential seasonal migrants in Bangladesh, randomly varying saturation of offers across 133 villages. The transport subsidies increase beneficiaries’ income due to better employment opportunities in the city, and also generate the following spillovers: (a) A higher density of offers increases the individual take-up rate, and induces those connected to offered recipients to also migrate. The village emigration rate increases from 35% to 65%. (b) This increases the male agricultural wage rate in the village by 4.5-6.6%, and the available work hours in the village by 11-14%, which combine to increase income earned in the village, (c) There is no intra-household substitution in labor supply, but primary workers within households earn more during weeks in which many of their village co-residents moved away. (d) The wage bill for agricultural employers increases, which reduces their profit, with no significant change in yield. (e) Food prices increase by 2.7% on net, driven by an increase in the price of (fish) protein, and offset by (f) a decrease in the price of non-tradables like prepared food and tea. Seasonal migration subsidies not only generate large direct benefits, but also indirect spillover benefits by creating slack in the village-of-origin labor market during the lean season.
    JEL: J43 J61 O1 O18 R13 R23
    Date: 2017–10
  13. By: Pei-Ju Liao; Ping Wang; Yin-Chi Wang; Chong Kee Yip
    Abstract: Observing rapid structural transformation accompanied by a continual process of rural to urban migration in many developing countries, we construct a micro founded dynamic framework to explore how important education-based migration is, as opposed to work-based migration, for economic development, urbanization and city workforce composition. We then calibrate our model to fit the data from China over the period from 1980 to 2007, a developing economy featuring not only large migration flows but major institutional reforms that may affect work and education based migration differently. We find that, although education-based migration only amounts to one-fifth of that of work-based migration, its contribution to the enhancement of per capita output is larger than that of work-based migration. Moreover, the abolishment of the government job assignment for college graduates and the relaxation of the work-based migration have limited effects on economic development and urbanization. Furthermore, the increase in college admission selectivity for rural students plays a crucial but negative role in China's development, lowering per capita output and worsening the high-skilled employment share in urban areas.
    JEL: O15 O53 R23 R28
    Date: 2017–10
  14. By: Alonso-Soto, Daniel (OECD); Nopo, Hugo R. (GRADE)
    Abstract: Indicators for quality of schooling are not only relatively new in the world but also unavailable for a sizable share of the world's population. In their absence, some proxy measures have been devised. One simple but powerful idea has been to use the schooling premium for migrant workers in the U.S. (Bratsberg and Terrell, 2002). In this paper we extend this idea and compute measures for the schooling premium of immigrant workers in the U.S. over a span of five decades. Focusing on those who graduated from either secondary or tertiary education in Latin American countries, we present comparative estimates of the evolution of such premia for both schooling levels. The results show that the schooling premia in Latin America have been steadily low throughout the whole period of analysis. The results stand after controlling for selective migration in different ways. This contradicts the popular belief in policy circles that the education quality of the region has deteriorated in recent years. In contrast, schooling premium in India shows an impressive improvement in recent decades, especially at the tertiary level.
    Keywords: schooling premium, returns to education, wage differentials, immigrant workers
    JEL: J31 J61
    Date: 2017–09
  15. By: Rodríguez-Pose, Andrés; von Berlepsch, Viola
    Abstract: Does population diversity matter for economic development in the long-run? Does the impact of diversity differ over time? This paper traces the short-, medium-, and long-term economic impact of population diversity resulting from the big migration waves of the late 19th and early 20th centuries to the United States (US). Using census data from 1880, 1900, and 1910, the settlement pattern of migrants across the counties of the 48 US continental states is tracked in order to construct measures of population fractionalisation and polarisation at county level. Factors which may have influenced both the individual settlement decision at the time of migration as well as county-level economic development in recent years are controlled for. The results of the analysis show that high levels of population fractionalisation have a strong and positive influence on economic development in the short-, medium-, and long-run. High levels of polarisation, by contrast, undermine development. Despite a stronger effect on income levels in the first 30 years, these relationships are found to be extremely long-lasting: counties with a more heterogeneous population composition over 130 years ago are significantly richer today, whereas counties that were strongly polarised at the time of the migration waves have endured persistent negative economic effects.
    Keywords: Counties; diversity; economic development; Fractionalisation; Polarisation; USA
    JEL: J15 J61 O43 R11 R23
    Date: 2017–10
  16. By: Adrian Gh. Paul (North University Center, Baia Mare)
    Abstract: It is often stated that Europe was born in the year AD 325, in Nicaea, with the first Ecumenical Council of the Christian Church, which formulated the fundamental dogma on God and gave the continent a genuine model of faith. In this paper I will focus on the phenomenon of migration from a religious perspective. A special emphasis will be placed on the Orthodox Christian perspectives on labor, productivity, and the general values that characterize Europe as a Christian continent.
    Keywords: Migration, productivity, communion, unity, Love, Solitary, solidarity, community.
    Date: 2016–08
  17. By: Vicente Ruiz (Université Paris 1 – Panthéon Sorbonne)
    Abstract: A growing body of evidence suggests that changes in both environmental quality and climatic patterns influence population movements. In this paper, I provide evidence-based analysis on the effects of climatic factors on internal migration in Mexico. In particular, I focus my analysis on the role of earthquakes, hurricanes, droughts, and floods. My results show that both floods and droughts act as push factors for internal migration. In addition, my results show that socio-economic factors such as wage differentials, education levels, and violence also act as push factors.
    Keywords: Internal migration, Climate change, Gravity model, Mexico
    JEL: Q54 J11
    Date: 2017–10
  18. By: Frattini, Tommaso (University of Milan); Meschi, Elena (Università Ca’ Foscari di Venezia)
    Abstract: This paper provides new evidence on how the presence of immigrant peers in the classroom affects native student achievement. The analysis is based on longitudinal administrative data on two cohorts of vocational training students in Italy's largest region. Vocational training institutions provide the ideal setting for studying these effects because they attract not only disproportionately high shares of immigrants but also the lowest ability native students. We adopt a value added model, and exploit within-school variation both within and across cohorts for identification. Our results show small negative average effects on maths test scores that are larger for low ability native students, strongly non-linear and only observable in classes with a high (top 20%) immigrant concentration. These outcomes are driven by classes with a high average linguistic distance between immigrants and natives, with no apparent role played by ethnic diversity.
    Keywords: immigration, education, peer effects, vocational training, language
    JEL: I20 J15
    Date: 2017–09
  19. By: Peter Grajzl; Jonathan Eastwood; Valentina Dimitrova-Grajzl
    Abstract: We develop and empirically test a theory concerning individual beliefs about whether immigrants should culturally assimilate into the host society or preserve their own cultural norms. We argue that when national identity is a source of intrinsic utility, the longevity of national identity influences a national identity’s perceived resilience to an ostensible immigrant threat and, thus, affects individuals’ beliefs about the need for immigrants’ cultural assimilation. Empirical evidence based on data from countries of wider Europe supports our theory. An expert survey-based measure of the longevity of national identity, first, exhibits a robustly negative effect on the strength of individual preferences in favor of immigrants’ cultural assimilation and, second, is an important contextual moderating variable that shapes the effect of individual-level characteristics on their beliefs. Thus, individual beliefs about the necessity of immigrants’ cultural assimilation versus accommodation of cultural diversity reflect a historically-rooted sense of national identity.
    Keywords: cultural assimilation, immigrants, individual beliefs, national identity, longevity
    JEL: Z13 J18 D72 P51
    Date: 2017
  20. By: Nelu Burcea (Athenaeum University in Bucharest)
    Abstract: This paper focuses on the reality of migration from the perspective of the United Nations. By surveying a UN report provided by the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations, this paper attempts to offer a managerial perspective on the cultural aspects of migration, as effected by the involvement of the United Nations in handling this global crisis. Particularly, this study focuses on raising the cultural question about the managerial methods used by the UN in calibrating this reality within the framework of the historical and territorial perspective of the phenomenon itself. The findings of this study are relevant in the context of developing new tactics for managing migration, applicable to specific international institutions and geographic areas.
    Keywords: migration, culture, management, statistics, international, United Nations DESA.
    Date: 2016–08
  21. By: Marian Gh. Simion (Field Education Supervisor at Harvard Divinity School)
    Abstract: This paper outlines the debate over the artificiality of national identities by attempting to explore questions such as: What are national identities? How are they created? And, who is involved in creating them? If they are modern creations then why do their adherents insist they are ancient? If they are created what are the goals of their creators. This debate is increasingly relevant in the context of migration and integration; a phenomenon that primarily seems to affect the Global North.
    Keywords: custom, ethnicity, identity, nationalism, tradition
    Date: 2016–08
  22. By: Sorin Badragan (Baptist Theological Institute in Bucharest)
    Abstract: One of the aspects which is growing in size and importance in the contemporary world, specifically, in Europe is migration. The ‘old continent’ is flooded with ‘new people’ who were ‘far neighbors’ until recently. This paper explores the way in which contemporary migrationis dealt with by Europe, specifically European Union member countries. A significant input can be offered by the church in the migration issue, as the Bible is has to say a lot about this phenomenon. This article aims to explore these aspects as well as suggesting that migration is, more than a challenge, an opportunity of service and witness for the church.
    Keywords: Migration, Europe, church, integration, refugees.
    Date: 2016–08
  23. By: Liviu Ursache (Timotheus Theological Institute in Bucharest)
    Abstract: I deal with the topic of migration’s impact on mission, mainly within European boundaries, due to the recent waves of immigrants coming from the Middle East. The vast majority of these people is non-Christian and is seeking to settle in a western country. Mainly, these countries are secular, postmodern societies, being already on the verge of losing their Christian identity. Thus, the phenomenon of migration could be perceived as a threat to the Christian heritage of this nation. On the other hand, migration could be seen as an opportunity for mission as well; thus, churches do not need to be sending out missionaries for, instead, people come into their own turf.
    Keywords: migration, mission, worldview, church.
    Date: 2016–08
  24. By: Cristian-Liviu Vele (Technical University of Cluj-Napoca)
    Abstract: It is a fact that the phenomenon of migration has generated major outcomes on the Romanian society, both from a social point of view, but also from an economic perspective. Following the country integration in the European Union a large number of Romanians have chosen to migrate, especially in countries in Western Europe, in search of a better life and higher incomes. This migration has led to a decrease in the workforce in Romania, but has also changed the manner in which Romanian employees are viewed by the companies in which they work and changed the manner in which they behave at their workplace. The present paper seeks to provide a better understanding of the particularities of Romanian employees at their workplace and of the effects that migration had on these particularities.
    Keywords: human resource management, migration, employee characteristics. (JEL Classification: M12, M51, M54)
    Date: 2016–08
  25. By: Ieremia Rusu (Timotheus Brethren Theological Institute of Bucharest)
    Abstract: The Evangelical churches were established in Romania during the 19th and 20th centuries, but their cultural influence became more prevalent after the fall of Communism. In the first part of this paper, the author analyzes the cultural trends that emerged after the Romanian revolution of December 1989. In the second part, the paper highlights three historical conceptions regarding Christ and culture. In the third part, the paper focuses on the migration of the Evangelical culture in the post-communist Romania. In the last part, the author offers few suggestions on how to extend the impact of the Evangelical culture in the Romanian culture, by the occasional adoption of the concepts “Christ against Culture†, and “Christ the Transformer of Culture.â€
    Keywords: Christ, Evangelical, culture, Romania, migration.
    Date: 2016–08
  26. By: Iacob Coman (Pentecostal Theological Institute of Bucharest)
    Abstract: The hysteria of crowds of people migrating to Europe knows an unprecedented level. The situation is quite unclear in terms of those who intended to follow this phenomenon or those who have taken it on the go. What we see is that both, the former and the latter, got out of control this phenomenon on which they believed themselves quite sure. As far as we are concerned, we want in the present study to avoid speculation and nurturing ideas related to various conspiracies. To this end, our study will be based on records of historical, sociological and biblical origin. Under the title, Migration: Social-Religious Synergy from the Perspective of Dogma History I intend to critique the phenomenon of migration, from the end of this decade, under three aspects: 1) The idea of origins and the purpose of emigration; 2) Ontology of the idea of migration, that is the superhuman aspect of this issue and the divine involvement in this type of phenomenon; and 3) Introductory acknowledgments on the religious missionary activity and its imbalance of forces.
    Keywords: migration, socio-religious synergy, dogma, the migration of the idea, missionary activity, religious syncretism.
    Date: 2016–08
  27. By: Daniel Fodorean (Baptist Theological Institute of Bucharest)
    Abstract: Roma or Gypsies are originally a migratory people who today are spread across several continents and living in many countries, especially on the continent of Europe. Several sources indicate that 8 million of Roma live in Eastern Europe. Romania has the largest Roma population in the area, over 535,000 persons according to the latest official estimates. The changes that have occurred over the last 20 years in Europe Central and Eastern Europe, it made a large number of Roma people migrate to Western European countries. This raised a new kind of issues in Western, but also in Eastern Europe, the authorities sometimes, reaching the point of no longer find solutions in the management of Roma issues. This paper proposes that we look not only at state responsibilities to solve these issues but also to the church responsibilities to spread the message that can change their behavior.
    Keywords: Immigration, Emigration, Migration, Gypsy, Roma people, Culture Church Mission.
    Date: 2016–08
  28. By: Teodor-Ioan Colda (Baptist Theological Institute of Bucharest)
    Abstract: In this paper, the author brings into discussion the Romanian phenomenon of migration, often described as ‘the Romanian Exodus’ due to the impressive numbers of Romanians who emigrated to the West (especially to Western Europe). His aim is to bring a theological dimension to the sociological discussion. He argues for the need of ‘local’ or ‘contextualized’ Romanian theologies that could meet the current social events experienced by Romanian people. He believes that the Romanian Exodus could be a starting point in developing such theologies.
    Keywords: migration, Romania, Exodus, indigenous theology, contextual theology.
    Date: 2016–08
  29. By: Ioan Lucian Racila (Independent scholar)
    Abstract: The migration phenomenon has always existed in our world, fluctuating by the historic context, the economic, political, social and demographic disparities between the Central and East European countries and the EU Member States, the interdependencies between the origin and receiving countries and the European integration process evolutions. In the European Union, an integrated and inclusive approach of the migration issue is necessary. But a common policy regarding world migration rests on an ambitious objective. A common approach of the economic migration management and the harmonisation of the migration policies of the Member States represented a challenge for the European Union and will become urgent in the future, especially due to the demographic ageing.
    Keywords: migration, society, religion, Islam.
    Date: 2016–08
  30. By: Ioan Stinghe (Doctoral candidate at Babes-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca)
    Abstract: Migration in history has generated ethnical and religious synthesis, demographical, cultural, economical, social and political changes. Today, the migration phenomenon has taken amplitude in the context of two unrolling processes with a visible potential for changing the contemporaneous world: the extension of the European Union and the democratization in the Arabic world. Is there any connection between the development of the Judaism and the actual migration phenomenon? The study limits itself at analyzing the migration’s origins in the context of the creation of the Jewish people and of the impact of the Judaism upon the world. The conclusion emphasizes the fact that setting the migration concept in relation with the development of the Judaism, has an empirical and a theological support, which reveals the result of a dynamic juxtaposition, as a product of the divine providence.
    Keywords: migration, stranger, Judaism, change, development, providence.
    Date: 2016–08
  31. By: Lucian Ionel Mercea (Doctoral candidate at the West University of Timisoara)
    Abstract: In the emergence and spread of the Neo–protestant denominations in Romania the migration was an essential element. This phenomenon is related to the emergence and spread of the first Baptist, Pentecostal in Romania. Alongside the Seventh Day Adventist denomination and Evangelical Christians, which will come in through foreign missionaries, the Neo–protestant denominations will hardly make room for themselves among the historical denominations from Romania, most of the time with the price of martyrdom. The migration brings, besides the economic and social changes, other changes concerning the already existing balance of the ancient beliefs from a certain place. Sometimes the new beliefs can make room for themselves among the existing ones in a subtle way, almost unnoticeable, but other times they can produce breakage and disorder in the society, modifying the balance of the existing status quo. That is why this issue deserves to be submitted to our study and thoroughness.
    Keywords: migration, Neo–protestant, Baptist, Seventh Day Adventist, Pentecostal, Evangelical Christians, freedom, state.
    Date: 2016–08
  32. By: Fusshoeller, Chantal; Balleer, Almut
    Abstract: This paper addresses the dynamic effects of a migration inflow on the host country. In particular, we focus on the role of skill composition and investment behaviour of migrants and show how these affect labour supply and investment behaviour of natives and, hence, the adjustment path of the economy to various shocks in a real business cycle model. We quantify these effects for the recent refugee inflow into the German economy in 2014 and 2015.
    JEL: E13 E32 F22
    Date: 2017
  33. By: Ivan Vasile Ivanoff (Valahia University of Targoviste)
    Abstract: Migration, as a social phenomenon, has an especially complex character and can be analyzed from the point of view of the state which is the source of the migration as well as from the point of view of the state which is the destination of the migration. Its causes are especially complex but the economic ones are determinant and are fundamentally different of the causes which determine the population to seek refuge in case of armed conflict. The effects of the migration are equally complex and can be analyzed from the point of view of the source states as well as from the point of view of the destination states. This study conducts an applied analysis of the phenomenon regarding a territorial and administrative division from Romania.
    Keywords: migration, immigration, emigration, refugee, exodus, causes, consequences, Brexit.
    Date: 2016–08
  34. By: Lynn, Peter; Nandi, Alita; Parutis, Violetta; Platt, Lucinda
    Abstract: This paper describes the design and implementation of the Immigrant and Ethnic Minority Boost sample incorporated into Wave 6 of Understanding Society. In combination with the remainder of the Understanding Society sample, this provides a nationally representative probability sample of immigrants and ethnic minorities in the UK. We demonstrate that the achieved sample has good coverage properties and we argue that it provides a highly valuable research resource.
    Date: 2017–10–16

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