nep-mig New Economics Papers
on Economics of Human Migration
Issue of 2016‒10‒16
four papers chosen by
Yuji Tamura
La Trobe University

  1. Assimilation in multilingual cities By Javier Ortega; Gregory Verdugo
  2. Why Migrate: for Study or for Work? By Elise S. Brezis
  3. A micro-funded theory of multilateral resistance to migration By Marchal, Léa; Naiditch, Claire
  4. Internal migration transition in Romania? By Horváth, István

  1. By: Javier Ortega (City University London); Gregory Verdugo (OFCE - OFCE - Sciences Po, CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)
    Abstract: We characterise how the assimilation patterns of minorities into the strong and the weak language differ in a situation of asymmetric bilingualism. Using large variations in language composition in Canadian cities from the 2001 and 2006 Censuses, we show that the differences in the knowledge of English by immigrant allophones (i.e. the immigrants with a mother tongue other than English and French) in English-majority cities are mainly due to sorting across cities. Instead, in French-majority cities, learning plays an important role in explaining differences in knowledge of French. In addition, the presence of large anglophone minorities deters much more the assimilation into French than the presence of francophone minorities deters the assimilation into English. Finally, we find that language distance plays a much more important role in explaining assimilation into French, and that assimilation into French is much more sensitive to individual characteristics than assimilation into English. Some of these asymmetric assimilation patterns extend to anglophone and francophone immigrants, but no evidence of learning is found in this case.
    Keywords: minorities,immigration,assimilation,language policies
    Date: 2015
  2. By: Elise S. Brezis (Bar-Ilan University)
    Abstract: Over the past decades, globalization has led to a huge increase in the migration of workers, as well as students. This paper develops a simple two-step model that describes the decisions of an individual vis-à-vis education and migration, and presents a unified model, wherein the two migration decisions are combined into a single, unique model. This paper shows that under the plausible assumption that costs of migration differ over the human life cycle, the usual brain drain strategy is suboptimal. With an increase in globalization, the brain drain strategy will be replaced by the strategy of migration of students.
    Keywords: Brain drain; Globalization; Higher education; Human capital; Migration; Mobility.
    JEL: F22 I23 J24
    Date: 2016–05
  3. By: Marchal, Léa; Naiditch, Claire
    Abstract: This paper provides a micro-funded theory of multilateral resistance to migration analyzing how financial constraints determine migration trends. We build a RUM model in which we explicitly introduce the budget constraint in the migration decision: individuals cannot afford migrating to a destination for which the migration cost (which depends on the immigration policy of the destination country) is higher than their current income. We find that the migration rate between two countries depends on the characteristics of the origin and destination countries and their relative accessibility, and also on a budget constraint term. This term depends on the attributes of alternative destinations. Thus, the model exhibits multilateral resistance to migration. We perform a numerical analysis based on 23 European countries in 2008 and evidence multilateral resistance to migration induced by the implementation of intra-EU migration restrictions following the 2004 EU enlargement.
    Keywords: Migration,Budget constraint,Immigration policy,RUM model,Multilateral resistance to migration
    JEL: F22 J61 O15 C63
    Date: 2016
  4. By: Horváth, István
    Abstract: This paper is an overview of the shifts in the internal migration patterns in Romania for the last six decades. In the first part a literature-based brief overview of the trends and patterns of internal migration during communism will be presented. In the second (more extensive) part, a statistical-data based analysis of the internal migration trends and patterns over the last 25 years will be provided.
    Keywords: Romania, internal migration, international migration, communism, market-transition, regional differences, demography
    JEL: R10 R11 R12
    Date: 2016–10

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