nep-mig New Economics Papers
on Economics of Human Migration
Issue of 2016‒06‒14
five papers chosen by
Yuji Tamura
La Trobe University

  1. Social Ties and the Job Search of Recent Immigrants By Goel, Deepti; Lang, Kevin
  2. Strategic Interactions in Migration Decisions in Rural Mexico By Rojas Valdes, Ruben Irvin; Lin Lawell, C.-Y. Cynthia; Taylor, J. Edward
  3. International Migration and its Effect on Labor Supply of the Left-Behind Household Members: Evidence from Nepal By Phadera, Lokendra
  4. Estimating Immigrant Earnings Profiles when Migrations are Temporary By Christian Dustmann; Joseph-Simon Görlach
  5. The Cultural Diffusion of the Fertility Transition: Evidence from Internal Migration in 19th Century France By Daudin, Guillaume; Franck, Raphaël; Rapoport, Hillel

  1. By: Goel, Deepti (Delhi School of Economics); Lang, Kevin (Boston University)
    Abstract: In this paper we highlight a specific mechanism through which social networks help in job search. We characterize the strength of a network by its likelihood of providing a job offer. Using a theoretical model we show that the wage differential in jobs found using networks versus those found using formal channels, decreases as the network becomes stronger. We verify this result for recent immigrants to Canada for whom a strong network is captured by the presence of a 'close tie.' Furthermore, structural estimates confirm that the presence of a close tie operates by increasing the likelihood of generating a job offer from the network rather than by altering the wage distribution from which an offer is drawn.
    Keywords: job search, migration, networks
    JEL: J3
    Date: 2016–05
  2. By: Rojas Valdes, Ruben Irvin; Lin Lawell, C.-Y. Cynthia; Taylor, J. Edward
    Keywords: Migration, Mexico, Strategic interactions, Labor and Human Capital, O15, O54,
    Date: 2016–05
  3. By: Phadera, Lokendra
    Abstract: This paper analyzes the differential impact of migration on labor supply of the left-behind household members in Nepal, where international migration for employment, predominantly a male phenomenon, increased substantially between 2001 and 2011. Using the NLSS III data, this paper extends the analysis further by incorporating the impacts on both extensive and intensive margins and answering the question of if they are not wage-employed, what the remaining members in the household engaging in instead. The paper finds that, in response to outmigration of some family members, women realign their priorities and reallocate their time from market employment to self-employment and home production, possibly filling in the roles vacated by the migrants. In contrast, the income effect dominates the impact of migration on the left-behind men; that is, men value their leisure more because of the remittances from abroad and decrease their overall supply of labor.
    Keywords: International Migration, Migration, Labor Supply, International Development, Labor and Human Capital, F220, O150, J220,
    Date: 2016
  4. By: Christian Dustmann (Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM) University College London (UCL)); Joseph-Simon Görlach (Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM) University College London (UCL))
    Abstract: The assumption that all migrations are permanent, which pervaded the early microdata-based research on immigrant career profiles, is not supported by the empirical evidence. Rather, many – if not most – migrations appear to be temporary. In this paper, therefore, we illustrate the estimation challenges when migrations are temporary. As in an overwhelming share of the selective out-migration literature, our basic structure assumes that the process that determines out-migration is unrelated to other choices that affect wage growth, such as human capital investment or labour supply decisions, which greatly simplifies the analysis. When the choice of whether and when to out-migrate also affects decisions that determine wage growth, the problem becomes inherently dynamic and requires a more structural approach to estimation, which we briefly discuss.
    Keywords: immigration, return migration, assimilation, earnings profile, selection
    JEL: F22 J15 J31 J61 O15
    Date: 2016–05
  5. By: Daudin, Guillaume (Université Paris-Dauphine); Franck, Raphaël (Bar-Ilan University); Rapoport, Hillel (Paris School of Economics)
    Abstract: France experienced the demographic transition before richer and more educated countries. This paper offers a novel explanation for this puzzle that emphasizes the diffusion of culture and information through internal migration. It tests how migration affected fertility by building a decennial bilateral migration matrix between French regions for 1861-1911. The identification strategy uses exogenous variation in transportation costs resulting from the construction of railways. The results suggest the convergence towards low birth rates can be explained by the diffusion of low-fertility norms by migrants, especially by migrants to and from Paris.
    Keywords: fertility, France, demographic transition, migration
    JEL: J13 N33 O15
    Date: 2016–05

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