nep-mig New Economics Papers
on Economics of Human Migration
Issue of 2015‒02‒11
eleven papers chosen by
Yuji Tamura
La Trobe University

  1. Networks and Selection in International Migration to Spain By Nina Neubecker; Marcel Smolka; Anne Steinbacher
  2. 2000 families: identifying the research potential of an origins-of-migration study By Ayşe Güveli; Harry Ganzeboom; Helen Baykara-Krumme; Lucinda Platt; Şebnem Eroğlu; Niels Spierings; Sait Bayrakdar; Bernhard Nauck; Efe K. Sozeri
  3. Breaking Out Of Poverty Traps: Internal Migration And Interregional Convergence In Russia By Sergei Guriev; Elena S. Vakulenko
  4. The Effect of Regulatory Harmonization on Cross-border Labor Migration: Evidence from the Accounting Profession By Matthew J. Bloomfield; Ulf Brüggemann; Hans B. Christensen; Christian Leuz
  5. Migration in an ageing Europe: What are the challenges? By Jesus Crespo Cuaresma; Peter Huber; Doris A. Oberdabernig; Anna Raggl
  6. The impact of the assimilation of migrants on the well-being of native inhabitants: A theory By Stark, Oded; Bielawski, Jakub; Jakubek, Marcin
  7. The Economics of Temporary Migrations By Dustmann, Christian; Görlach, Joseph-Simon
  8. The impact of welfare benefits on natives' and immigrants' attitudes towards immigration By Peter Huber; Doris A. Oberdabernig
  9. Can we redress the immigrant-native educational gap in Italy? Empirical evidence and policy suggestions By Davide Azzolini
  10. Immigration, offshoring, and American jobs By Gianmarco I. P. Ottaviano; Giovanni Peri; Gregory Wright
  11. Selection, Selection, Selection: the Impact of Return Migration By Jackline Wahba

  1. By: Nina Neubecker (DIW, Berlin, Germany); Marcel Smolka (Department of Economics and Business, Aarhus University, Denmark); Anne Steinbacher
    Abstract: This paper provides new evidence on migrant networks as determinants of the scale and skill structure of migration, using aggregate data from a recent migration boom to Spain. We develop a three-level nested multinomial logit migration model. Our model accommodates varying degrees of similarity of destinations located in the same region (or the same country), allowing for a rich structure of substitutability across alternative destinations. We find strong positive network effects on the scale of migration and a strong negative effect on the ratio of high-skilled to low-skilled migrants. Simplifying restrictions on substitutability across destinations are rejected by the data.
    Keywords: international migration, migrant networks, nested multinomial, logit model, skill structure of migration, Spain
    JEL: F22 J61
    Date: 2015–01–26
  2. By: Ayşe Güveli; Harry Ganzeboom; Helen Baykara-Krumme; Lucinda Platt; Şebnem Eroğlu; Niels Spierings; Sait Bayrakdar; Bernhard Nauck; Efe K. Sozeri
    Abstract: Despite extensive recent advances in the empirical and theoretical study of migration, certain critical areas in the analysis of European migration remain relatively underdeveloped both theoretically and empirically. Specifically, we lack studies that both incorporate an origin comparison and trace processes of intergenerational transmission across migrants over multiple generations and incorporating family migration trajectories. This paper outlines the development, data and design of such a study, the 2000 Families study, framed within a theoretical perspective of ‘dissimilation’ from origins and over generations. We term the study an origins-of-migration study, in that it captures the country of origin, the family origins and potentially the originating causes of migration processes and outcomes. The resulting data comprised nearly 2,000 migrant and non-migrant Turkish families with members across three or more generations, covering. 50,000 individuals. We reflect on the potential of this study for migration research.
    Keywords: Migration; Europe; Turkey; dissimilation; intergenerational transmission; originsof- migration study
    JEL: J12 J15 R23
    Date: 2014–02
  3. By: Sergei Guriev (New Economic School); Elena S. Vakulenko (National Research University Higher School of Economics)
    Abstract: We study barriers to labour mobility using panel data on gross region-to-region migration flows in Russia in 1996-2010. Using both parametric and semiparametric methods and controlling for region-to-region pairwise fixed effects, we find a non-monotonic relationship between income and migration. In richer regions, higher incomes result in lower migration outflows. However, in the poorest regions, an increase in incomes results in higher emigration. This is consistent with the presence of geographical poverty traps: potential migrants want to leave the poor regions but cannot afford to move. We also show that economic growth and financial development have allowed most Russian regions to grow out of poverty traps bringing down interregional differentials of wages, incomes and unemployment rates
    Keywords: labour mobility, poverty traps, liquidity constraints
    JEL: J61 R23
    Date: 2015
  4. By: Matthew J. Bloomfield; Ulf Brüggemann; Hans B. Christensen; Christian Leuz
    Abstract: The paper examines the effect of international regulatory harmonization on cross-border labor migration. We analyze directives in the European Union (EU) that harmonized accounting and auditing standards. This regulatory harmonization should make it less costly for those who work in the accounting profession to move across countries. Our research design compares the cross-border migration of accounting professionals relative to tightly-matched other professionals before and after regulatory harmonization. We find that, on average, labor migration in the accounting profession increases relative to comparable professions by roughly 15% after harmonization. The findings illustrate that diversity in rules constitutes an important economic barrier to cross-border labor mobility and, more specifically, that accounting harmonization can have meaningful effect on cross-border migration.
    JEL: D10 E24 F22 F55 J44 J61 J62 K22 L84 M41 M42
    Date: 2015–01
  5. By: Jesus Crespo Cuaresma; Peter Huber; Doris A. Oberdabernig; Anna Raggl
    Abstract: We use new migration modelling and projection techniques in order to quantify the effect of migration in the context of ageing societies in Europe over the forthcoming decades. Using new empirical results, data and projections of migration flows developed in the framework of the WWWforEUROPE project, we inform the policy discussion concerning the role of demographic change, inequality dynamics, labour market integration of migrants and the sustainability of public finances in the continent.
    Keywords: Academic research, Challenges for welfare system, Demographic change, Economic growth path, European economic policy, Full employment growth path, Labour markets, Migration, Policy options, Sustainable growth, Welfare state
    JEL: E24 F22 H52 J62
    Date: 2015–01
  6. By: Stark, Oded; Bielawski, Jakub; Jakubek, Marcin
    Abstract: We present a theory that systematically and causally links the well-being of native inhabitants with variation in the extent of the assimilation of migrants. Recent empirical findings are yielded as predictions of the theory.
    Keywords: Migrants’ assimilation, The well-being of native inhabitants, Food Security and Poverty, I31, J61,
    Date: 2015–01
  7. By: Dustmann, Christian; Görlach, Joseph-Simon
    Abstract: Many migrations are temporary – a fact that has often been ignored in the economic literature on migration. Such omission may be serious in that expected migration temporariness can impart a distinct dynamic element to immigrants’ economic behavior, generating possible consequences for non-migrants in both home and host countries. In this paper we provide a thorough examination of the various aspects of temporary migrations that matter for the analysis of economic phenomena. We demonstrate the extent of temporary migrations in population movements. We show how temporariness can affect the various economic choices and how better data have improved both the measurement of nonpermanent migrations and the analyses of various aspects of migrant behavior. We propose a general theoretical framework for modeling temporary migration decisions, based on which we outline the various motives for temporariness while simultaneously reviewing related literature and available data sources. We discuss the possible consequences of migration temporariness for non-migrants in both home and host countries.
    Keywords: immigrant behaviour; temporary migration
    JEL: F22 J61 O15
    Date: 2015–01
  8. By: Peter Huber; Doris A. Oberdabernig
    Abstract: We investigate whether the dependence of immigrants on welfare benefits leads to opposition to further immigration by natives and immigrants in a pooled cross-section of 21 European countries for the 2004-2010 period. Explicitly controlling for the dependence of immigrants and natives on benefits we find that higher benefit take-up rates among immigrants than among natives lead to less favourable attitudes of natives towards immigration. Interestingly, we do not find similar stylised facts for immigrants' attitudes towards immigration.
    Keywords: Immigration, welfare state, migration attitudes
    JEL: F22 J15 H53 I38
    Date: 2015–02
  9. By: Davide Azzolini
    Abstract: This paper provides an overview of the immigrant-native educational gaps in Italy with the aim of identifying policy implications that may be considered in order to improve equity of educational opportunity in the country. (1) The empirical findings indicate that a large part of the observed gaps is accounted for by social disparities existing between native and immigrant families rather than by migration-specific factors. Hence, targeted actions aimed at promoting children of immigrants' education should be integrated in a more general and comprehensive policy framework that addresses social inequality in education. (2) Education policies targeted on children of immigrants should prioritize interventions aimed at enhancing their learning achievements starting from the early educational stages, as the levels of ability achieved in these years have consequences on future skill formation as well as on educational choices and careers. (3) Italian language acquisition programs should be introduced in order to improve the learning achievements of first-generation children. These programs should replace the actual practice of enrolling newcomers in one class behind that corresponding to their age as they enter the Italian school system. (4) Considering the relevance of family environment in the schooling of children, initiatives to boost an active involvement of immigrant parents in schools and to provide immigrant children with personalized tutoring should be promoted. (5) Finally, despite the increasing number of descriptive studies, there is still scarce knowledge on which interventions really work to improve the learning outcomes of children of immigrants in Italy. Educational research based on randomized controlled trials should become common practice in order to achieve a deeper understanding of the causes of the immigrant-native gaps and better inform policy.
    Keywords: Immigrant-native gaps; Education; Education Policy
    Date: 2015–01
  10. By: Gianmarco I. P. Ottaviano; Giovanni Peri; Gregory Wright
    Abstract: Following Grossman and Rossi-Hansberg (2008) we present a model in which tasks of varying complexity are matched to workers of varying skill in order to develop and test predictions regarding the effects of immigration and offshoring on US native-born workers. We find that immigrant and native-born workers do not compete much due to the fact that they tend to perform tasks at opposite ends of the task complexity spectrum, with offshore workers performing the tasks in the middle. An effect of offshoring and a positive effect of immigration on native-born employment suggest that immigration and offshoring improve industry efficiency.
    JEL: J24 J41 J61 L24
    Date: 2013–08
  11. By: Jackline Wahba
    Abstract: The evidence on the impact of return migration on the sending country is rather sparse, though growing. The contribution of this paper is in addressing various selectivity problems whilst quantifying the impact of return migration on wages of returnees using non-experimental data. Using Egyptian household level survey data, I estimate the wages of return migrants controlling for several selectivity biases arising from emigration choice, return migration choice, labor force participation choice and occupational choice following return. The findings provide strong evidence that overseas temporary migration results in a wage premium upon return, even after controlling for the various potential selection biases. However the estimates underscore the significance of controlling for both emigration and return migration selections. Ignoring the double selectivity in migration would overestimate the impact of return migration on the wage premium of returnees, as migrants are positively selected relative to non-migrants, but returnees are negatively selected amongst migrants.
    Keywords: International return migration, Wages, Developing countries
    JEL: F22 J24 O15 O53
    Date: 2015–01

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