nep-mig New Economics Papers
on Economics of Human Migration
Issue of 2014‒11‒12
eight papers chosen by
Yuji Tamura
La Trobe University

  1. International Marriage for Homogeneity? - Evidence from Marriage Migration in South Korea By Seo-Young Cho
  2. Effect of consuming imported cultural goods on tolerance for immigrants from trade partners: Case of Japanese anime in Korea. By Yamamura, Eiji; Shin, Inyong
  3. Patents, Innovation and Economic Geography By Francesco LISSONI; Ernest MIGUELEZ
  4. “Job loss among immigrant and native workers: evidence from Spain’s economic downturn” By Elisabet Motellón; Enrique López-Bazo
  5. An Empirical Analysis of Migratory Flows to the United States By Fullerton, Thomas M., Jr.; Galan, Felipe I.; Smith, Wm. Doyle; Walke, Adam G.
  6. Economics of Migration of Students from the Arab Region to OECD countries By Driouchi, Ahmed
  7. Evidence and Prospects of Shortage and Mobility of Medical Doctors: A Literature Survey By Driouchi, Ahmed
  8. Mobility of Students from Arab Countries and Internationalization of Higher Education with Application to Medical Studies By driouchi, ahmed; achehboune, amale

  1. By: Seo-Young Cho (University of Marburg)
    Abstract: This paper investigates empirically whether cultural, racial, and linguistic similarities increase marriage migration. By using marriage migration data from South Korea, I find that the similarities between an origin country and South Korea pull more marriage migration, but the positive effects of the similarities are mainly driven by female marriage migrants from middle and low income countries. The pulling effects of the similarities can be explained by female deficits in the marital age group in South Korea that motivate Korean men to seek foreign brides who share similar traits with locals.
    Keywords: Marriage Migration, Similarities, Sorting Traits, Demographic Changes, and South Korea
    JEL: F2 J1 O5
    Date: 2014
  2. By: Yamamura, Eiji; Shin, Inyong
    Abstract: Amount of consuming imported goods is thought to influence consumer’s view and attitude toward the country which export the goods. This paper examines effect of viewing Japanese animation on attitude towards Japan in Korea. Major findings are that the more frequently adult Korean view Japanese animation, the more they are likely to accept Japanese as colleagues at work after controlling for endogeneity bias by using instrumental variables. This implies that, through consuming imported cultural goods, people learned the labor quality of the trade partner, which reduces the information asymmetry about the labor quality of the exported country. Consequently, people come to accept the labor force from the trade partner in the labor market. Labor market becomes more open to migrant from the exported countries. The modern cultural goods such as Japanese animation representing “Cool Japan†have the externality in the labor market of its imported country.
    Keywords: Anime; Immigrants; Work place; Neighbor; Trade; Externality; Cool Japan.
    JEL: D12 D74 F16 Z11 Z18
    Date: 2014–09–05
  3. By: Francesco LISSONI; Ernest MIGUELEZ
    Abstract: In this paper we review 20 years of quantitative research in the geography of innovation, to whose advancement patent data have contributed in a decisive way. We know now that the importance attributed by the earliest studies to knowledge externalities as an agglomeration force was excessive. Localized knowledge flows exist, and explain agglomeration, but they are largely mediated by the labor market and markets for technologies. Besides, we know now that physical distance may affect knowledge diffusion, but so do social distance between inventors as well as inter- and intra-national borders. We also witness an ongoing widening of the research focus, from local/regional to international, with migration issues concerning inventors coming to the forefront.
    Keywords: economic geography, patents, intellectual property, innovation, inventors, spillovers, migration
    JEL: F22 J61 O31 R11 R12
    Date: 2014
  4. By: Elisabet Motellón (Faculty of Economics, University of Barcelona); Enrique López-Bazo (Faculty of Economics, University of Barcelona)
    Keywords: Immigration, Job Loss, Crisis, Labour Market Segregation, Spain JEL classification: I24, J24, J61
    Date: 2014–10
  5. By: Fullerton, Thomas M., Jr.; Galan, Felipe I.; Smith, Wm. Doyle; Walke, Adam G.
    Abstract: The decision by economic migrants to leave their country of origin for the purpose of employment and to improve quality of life is generally regarded as an investment decision. Real or expected income differentials between the source and the host country and the possibilities of being employed in each influence the decision to migrate. Economic migrants also respond to non-pecuniary factors, such as climate, environmental amenities, and life cycle variables. This paper examines how labor market regulations may influence work migration to the United States. The hypothesis is that the negative effects of excessive labor market regulations on income reported by Fullerton et al. (2007) and Licerio et al. (2010) will increase migration to countries with more flexible and less restrictive regulatory labor markets. Data from the Doing Business 2010 report describing labor market conditions in several countries and territories during 2010 are employed to describe labor market restrictiveness in 168 countries. Four models are specified to measure the effects of labor market restrictiveness on migration. Deviance Information Criterion (DIC) estimates are utilized to select the best specification for modeling migration to the United States. Empirical results confirm many of the hypotheses, but some of the outcomes are relatively weak.
    Keywords: International Migration; Labor Market Regulation; Applied Econometrics
    JEL: F22 J11 J61
    Date: 2014–05–23
  6. By: Driouchi, Ahmed
    Abstract: Abstract: Economic studies on migration of skilled labor are mainly related to those trained in the country of origin but are increasingly including students trained abroad that return or not to their home countries. There are incentives and constraints that are provided by both origin and destination countries but the living conditions and the expected relative wages appear to be the most important sources of attraction of students to migrate. The restrictions of access to some schools such as those of medical sciences and architecture could be also driving further migration. The internationalization of the education system and the delocalization of universities in relation to globalization and trade in services are also encouraging these movements. These directions are likely to be expanded under the high levels of unemployment and the expected low local wages. This paper expands early models of skilled labor migration to account for students. Empirical investigations based on Arab countries are pursued. They show clearly the importance of this movement and its determination mainly by the differences in relative expected wages and the anticipated living conditions.
    Keywords: Keywords: Migration, students, Arab World, OECD, theory, applications.
    JEL: J6 O1
    Date: 2014–09–24
  7. By: Driouchi, Ahmed
    Abstract: Abstract This paper focuses on the shortage in health workforce, its causes and its consequences. The implied mobility is also introduced. Series of issues are introduced to better capture the global prospects facing the health system. A literature review survey on the above dimensions is the main source of information used in this paper. The attained outcomes confirm the existing increasing current and future trends of shortage and mobility of the health workforce with emphasis on medical doctors. The expected consequences on developing countries are discussed in relation to the increasing demand for healthcare but also to the technological changes taking place at the level of the sector and in its environment.
    Keywords: Keywords: Shortage-Labor supply-Backward Bending Labor Supply-Migration-Brain drain
    JEL: I1 J1 J2
    Date: 2014–10–16
  8. By: driouchi, ahmed; achehboune, amale
    Abstract: Abstract With the international liberalization of services, both education and medical care are becoming global. Medical education is consequently subject to changes in education and to reforms taking place in the health systems. The Arab world is not insulated from these international trends. The mobility of students from this part of the world accounts for the constraints related to accessing medical education in the countries of origin but also for the benefits provided by studying abroad. The current paper describes the costs and benefits related to medical education and to the incentives related to the mobility of students. It shows that while the medical educational system is changing in the Arab world, mobility of students is increasingly attractive as larger benefits are expected while studying abroad.
    Keywords: Migration of Students- Internationalization of Education-Medical Education
    JEL: F2 I1 I2
    Date: 2014–09–26

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