nep-mig New Economics Papers
on Economics of Human Migration
Issue of 2014‒10‒17
six papers chosen by
Yuji Tamura
La Trobe University

  1. The ‘investor route’ to UK citizenship By David Metcalf
  2. Beliefs, media exposure and policy preferences on immigration: Evidence from Europe By Jérôme Héricourt; Gilles Spielvogel
  3. Making the Most of EU Labour Mobility By Barslund, Mikkel; Busse, Matthias
  4. Motivations behind the size of remittances. Evidence from Albanians in Italy By Eralba CELA
  5. Migration as an adjustment mechanism in the crisis? A comparison of Europe and the United States By Jauer, Julia; Liebig, Thomas; Martin, John P.; Puhani, Patrick A.
  6. The Migration Policy and Migration Processes in Russia in 2013 By Lilia Karachurina

  1. By: David Metcalf
    Abstract: Simple reforms to the 'investor route' system whereby wealthy foreigners can get permanent residence in the UK would benefit current residents and signal that the country is open. That's the view of Sir David Metcalf, chair of the government's Migration Advisory Committee and an active CEP researcher for three decades. In particular, he restates the benefits of auctioning visas. As critics have argued, this controversial idea would indeed be 'selling settlement' - but at present the UK is giving it away. And while no one knows the optimal 'certain' price of a UK investor visa, an auction would establish that price.
    Keywords: Migration Advisory Committee, visas, policy
    Date: 2014–10
  2. By: Jérôme Héricourt (CEPII - Centre d'Etudes Prospectives et d'Informations Internationales - Centre d'analyse stratégique, EQUIPPE - ECONOMIE QUANTITATIVE, INTEGRATION, POLITIQUES PUBLIQUES ET ECONOMETRIE - Université Lille I - Sciences et technologies - Université Lille II - Droit et santé - Université Lille III - Sciences humaines et sociales - PRES Université Lille Nord de France); Gilles Spielvogel (Développement et sociétés - Université Paris I - Panthéon-Sorbonne - Institut de recherche pour le développement [IRD] - IEDES, DIAL - Développement, institutions et analyses de long terme - Institut de recherche pour le développement [IRD])
    Abstract: This article studies the joint determination of beliefs about the economic impact of immigration and immigration policy preferences, using data from the five rounds of the European Social Survey (2002-2010). In addition to standard socio-economic characteristics, this analysis takes individual media consumption into account, as a determinant of opinion about immigration. Our results stress the important role of the endogenous determination of beliefs, which appears as a major determinant of policy preferences. Moreover, media exposure appears as a key determinant of beliefs: individuals who spend more time to get informed on social and political matters through newspapers and radio have a better opinion on the economic impact of immigration compared with individuals who devote time to other types of content.
    Keywords: international migration ; beliefs ; attitudes ; media
    Date: 2014
  3. By: Barslund, Mikkel; Busse, Matthias
    Abstract: This Task Force report combines the most recent data from Eurostat with national sources to highlight the most significant labour mobility trends within the EU. Overall, the recent recession has not induced previously immobile workers to become more mobile, at least not in the larger member states. Mobility flows have moved away from crisis countries in response to the economic downturn but the desired increase in south-north mobility has not been observed so far. This leads the authors to conclude that successfully fostering mobility within EU15 countries requires tremendous effort. It is important that workers who are willing and able to move are not discouraged from doing so by unnecessary barriers to mobility. Improving the workings of the EURES system and its online job-matching platform; better cooperation of national employment agencies; streamlining the recognition of qualifications; and supporting language training within the EU are important contributions to labour mobility. The authors conclude that the EU is right to defend the free movement of workers. National governments should keep in mind that their ability to tap into an attractive foreign labour supply also hinges upon the perception of how mobile workers are treated in destination countries. If the political imperative requires regulations to be changed, such as the one guiding the coordination of social security, it is essential that no new mobility barriers are put in place.
    Date: 2014–10
  4. By: Eralba CELA (Universit… Politecnica delle Marche, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali)
    Abstract: Remittances represent the most important outcome of migration for developing countries which strongly rely on this resources for their economic survival. Remittances are however individual transfers that depend on a wide variety of private motivations. The present study explores the reasons behind the amount of remittance along the Italy-Albania corridor. Data come from a survey carried out in 2007 among 400 Albanians living in two Italian regions, Marche and Apulia. The results show that the most important determinants of remittances are the economic integration and the contextual specificities where migrants reside, along with strong ties with the country of origin.
    Keywords: Albania, Italy, determinants of remittances, migration
    JEL: F22 F24
    Date: 2014–10
  5. By: Jauer, Julia; Liebig, Thomas; Martin, John P.; Puhani, Patrick A.
    Abstract: The question of whether migration can be an equilibrating force in the labour market is an important criterion for an optimal currency area. It is of particular interest currently in the context of high and rising levels of labour market disparities, in particular within the Eurozone where there is no exchange-rate mechanism available to play this role. We shed some new light on this question by comparing pre- and post-crisis migration movements at the regional level in both Europe and the United States, and their association with asymmetric labour market shocks. We find that recent migration flows have reacted quite significantly to the EU enlargements in 2004 and 2007 and to changes in labour market conditions, particularly in Europe. Indeed, in contrast to the pre-crisis situation and the findings of previous empirical studies, there is tentative evidence that the migration response to the crisis has been considerable in Europe, in contrast to the United States where the crisis and subsequent sluggish recovery were not accompanied by greater interregional labour mobility in reaction to labour market shocks. Our estimates suggest that, if all measured population changes in Europe were due to migration for employment purposes - i.e. an upper-bound estimate - up to about a quarter of the asymmetric labour market shock would be absorbed by migration within a year. However, in the Eurozone the reaction mainly stems from migration of third-country nationals. Even within the group of Eurozone nationals, a significant part of the free mobility stems from immigrants from third countries who have taken on the nationality of their Eurozone host country.
    Keywords: Free mobility, migration, economic crisis, labour market adjustment, Eurozone, Europe, United States
    JEL: F16 F22 J61
    Date: 2014–09
  6. By: Lilia Karachurina (Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy)
    Abstract: In 2013, both sudden growth in public interest in migration issues and explosive increase in the number of statutory acts initiated in that field were observed. A new surge of interest in migration was triggered by the Biryulovo developments in October and the election campaign of the Mayor of Moscow which took place a little earlier. This paper deals with a wide range of migration issues. ?
    Keywords: Russian economy; migration; labor migration; domestic migration
    JEL: J11 J61 J62 F22
    Date: 2014

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