nep-mig New Economics Papers
on Economics of Human Migration
Issue of 2014‒09‒25
six papers chosen by
Yuji Tamura
La Trobe University

  1. Sampling recently arrived immigrants in the UK: exploring the effectiveness of Respondent Driven Sampling By Frere-Smith, Tom; Luthra, Renee Reichl; Platt, Lucinda
  2. Immigration, Occupational Choice and Public Employment By Luca Marchiori; Patrice Pieretti; Benteng Zou
  3. Migrant diversity, migration motivations and early integration: the case of Poles in Germany, the Netherlands, London and Dublin By Luthra, Renee Reichl; Platt, Lucinda; Salamonska, Justyna
  4. Migration and Regional Trade Agreement: a (new) Gravity Estimation By Gianluca Orefice; Luiz Lima; Erik Figueiredo
  5. Immigration and economic growth in the OECD countries 1986-2006: A panel data analysis By Ekrame Boubtane; Jean-Christophe Dumont
  6. Migración por imitación y crecimiento económico: Caso de Chile y Perú By Elvio Accinelli; Edgar J. Sánchez Carrera; Osvaldo Salas

  1. By: Frere-Smith, Tom; Luthra, Renee Reichl; Platt, Lucinda
    Abstract: Surveying recently arrived immigrants in countries lacking a population register poses many challenges. We describe our adaptation of Respondent Driven Sampling, a chain- referral technique, to sample migrants from Pakistan and Poland who had arrived in the UK within the previous 18 months. Specifically, we discuss issues around connectedness, privacy, clustering, and motivation, central to the implementation of RDS. We outline techniques adopted and evaluate their success. We conclude that RDS is unlikely to be suitable for accessing newly arrived migrants. However, in the absence of registers which can capture populations at point of entry there are no obvious alternatives.
    Date: 2014–07–15
  2. By: Luca Marchiori (Central Bank of Luxembourg); Patrice Pieretti (CREA, Université du Luxembourg); Benteng Zou (CREA, Université du Luxembourg)
    Abstract: This paper investigates the theoretical effects of immigration in an occupational choice model with three sectors: a low-skilled, a high-skilled and a public sector. The originality of our approach is to consider (i) intersectoral mobility of labor and (ii) public employment. We highlight the fact that including a public sector is crucial, since omitting it implies that low-skilled immigration unambiguously reduces wages and welfare of all workers. However, when public employment is considered, we demonstrate that immigration increases wages in the high-skilled and the public sectors, provided that the immigrant workforce is not too large and the access to public jobs is not too easy. The average wage of natives may also increase accordingly. Moreover, immigration may improve workers’ welfare in each sector. Finally, the mechanism underlying these results does not require complementarity between natives and immigrants.
    Keywords: Immigration, occupational choice model, public employment
    JEL: J24 J61 J45 H44
    Date: 2014–05
  3. By: Luthra, Renee Reichl; Platt, Lucinda; Salamonska, Justyna
    Abstract: This paper demonstrates the relationship between migration motivations and intended durations of stay and subsequent early integration among recent east-west European migrants. We use a unique, four-country data source covering over 3,500 recently arrived (previous 18 months) Polish immigrants. First we use a data reduction technique to allocate the migrants to six migrant types according to their motivations, intended duration of stay, and previous migration history. Second, we link these migrant types to pre-migration characteristics such as gender, age, and region of origin. Third, we explore how the migrant types are associated with social, subjective, and economic measures of integration.
    Date: 2014–04–29
  4. By: Gianluca Orefice; Luiz Lima; Erik Figueiredo
    Abstract: This paper investigates the role of Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs) on bilateral international migration. By increasing the information on the potential destination country, RTAs may favour bilateral migration flows among member countries. Building on the gravity model for migration by Anderson (2011), our econometric strategy controls for the multilateral resistance to migration (Bertoli and Fernandez-Huertas Moraga, 2013) and solves the zero migration flows problem by using a censored quantile regression approach. Further, the endogeneity problem of RTAs in migration settlement is addressed by using IV censored quantile regression (Chernozhukov and Hansen 2008). Our results suggest that the presence of a RTA stimulates the migration flows among member countries. The pro-migration effect of RTAs is magnified if the agreement includes also provisions easing bureaucratic procedures for visa and asylum among member countries. Finally, we find a non-linear effect of RTAs across the quantiles of the distribution of migration settlements.
    Keywords: Migration;Gravity Equation;Censored Quantile Regression
    JEL: C13 C23 F22 F13
    Date: 2014–09
  5. By: Ekrame Boubtane (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - CNRS : UMR8174 - Université Paris I - Panthéon-Sorbonne, CERDI - Centre d'études et de recherches sur le developpement international - CNRS : UMR6587 - Université d'Auvergne - Clermont-Ferrand I); Jean-Christophe Dumont (OECD - Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development)
    Abstract: This paper presents a reappraisal of the impact of migration on economic growth for 22 OECD countries between 1986 and 2006. It is based on a unique dataset that enables to distinguish net migration of the native-born and foreign-born by skill level. Migration is introduced in an augmented Solow-Swan model and the results are obtained using a GMM estimation, in order to deal with the potential endogeneity of the migration variables. In this framework, we identify a positive impact of the human capital brought by migrants on economic growth. The contribution of immigrants to the human capital accumulation tends to dominate the mechanical dilution effect, but the net effect is fairly small, including in countries which have highly selective migration policies.
    Keywords: International migration; human capital; economic growth; generalized methods of moments
    Date: 2013–02
  6. By: Elvio Accinelli (Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República); Edgar J. Sánchez Carrera (Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí); Osvaldo Salas (Goteborg University)
    Abstract: In this work the evolutionary dynamics of migratory behavior driven by imitation is studied. We show that, any migratory flow, driven by the imitation, can be modeled by a dynamic system, once the rules governing imitative behavior of the population, are established. The parameters characterizing the system are determined by the economic sitatuon in each country from which the migratory current is established, and may be changed from policy considerations and social conditions. These changes, in turn lead to changes in the dynamic system solutions that reflect the evolution of the migratory flow. We show that labor migration can modify the performance of the economies of both receiving countries and those where it starts, positively or negatively, depending on the prevailing characteristics. Finally, elements of economic policy designed to counteract possible negative effects migration are discussed. In particular consider the migrant stream established between Chile and Peru and their possible impact on their economies.
    Keywords: Social Welfare; Behavior of Migrants; Evolutionary Games; Theory of imitation; Replicator Dynamics.
    JEL: C72 F22 G3 R1
    Date: 2014–06

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