nep-mig New Economics Papers
on Economics of Human Migration
Issue of 2013‒06‒24
nine papers chosen by
Yuji Tamura
Australian National University

  1. The Shadow Value of Legal Status--A Hedonic Analysis of the Earnings of U.S. Farm Workers By Wang, Sun Ling; Carroll, Daniel; Nehring, Richard; McGath, Christopher
  2. Are You Unhappy Having Minority Co-Workers? By Haile, Getinet Astatike
  3. Do immigrants take or create residents’ jobs? Quasi-experimental evidence from Switzerland By Christoph Basten; Michael Siegenthaler
  4. Migration Decisions within the Job Search Framework: Implications for Understanding the Resource Curse By Niman, Ekaterina; Deaton, B. James; Grogan, Louise
  5. Local Food Systems, Ethnic Entrepreneurs, and Social Networks By Hightower, Lisa S.; Brennan, Mark A.
  6. Earnings Growth of Mexican Immigrants: New versus Traditional Destinations By Kaushal, Neeraj; Shang, Ce
  7. Benefits of Education at the Intensive Margin: Childhood Academic Performance and Adult Outcomes among American Immigrants By Deniz Gevrek; Z. Eylem Gevrek; Cahit Guven
  8. Interregional migration and thresholds: evidence in Spain By Clemente, Jesús; Larramona, Gemma; Olmos, Lorena

  1. By: Wang, Sun Ling; Carroll, Daniel; Nehring, Richard; McGath, Christopher
    Abstract: The purpose of this study is to estimate the shadow price of the legal status of farm workers. A hedonic function in terms of farm work experience, gender, education level, language skill, and legal status is estimated with control variables for employer type, farm work type, as well as other geographical and time variables. The data is drawn from the National Agricultural Workers Survey (NAWS). The preliminary results show that while legal status did contribute significantly to the wage differences it is not the major factor. After taking account of the composition shift in demographic characteristics, the quality adjusted labor prices still doubled in the past two decades.
    Keywords: Farm worker, U.S. agriculture, undocumented labor, legal status, hedonic analysis, Agricultural and Food Policy, Labor and Human Capital, J31, J43,
    Date: 2013
  2. By: Haile, Getinet Astatike (University of Nottingham)
    Abstract: This paper attempts to establish empirically whether natives' job satisfaction is adversely affected by having minority co-worker(s). The paper uses nationally representative linked employer-employee data and eight different facets of job satisfaction. Measuring minority co-worker status at the workplace- and occupation-level and employing alternative econometric estimators; the paper finds that on average natives' experience a reduction in job satisfaction due to having minority co-worker(s). The effect found is larger if the co-worker-ship is at the occupation-level.
    Keywords: discrimination, job-related well-being, linked employer-employee data, Britain
    JEL: J7 J15 J82 I31
    Date: 2013–05
  3. By: Christoph Basten (KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich, Switzerland); Michael Siegenthaler (KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich, Switzerland)
    Abstract: We estimate the causal effect of immigration on the labor market outcomes of resident employees in Switzerland, whose foreign labor force has increased by 32.8% in the last decade. To address endogeneity of immigration into different labor market cells, we develop new variants of the shift-share instrument, tailored for small-open economies, that exploit only that part in the variation of immigration which can be explained by migration push-factors in the source countries. We find that immigration has reduced unemployment of residents and has enabled them to fill more demanding jobs, while it had no adverse effect on wages and employment.
    Keywords: Immigration, native employment, labor shortage, shift-share instrument
    JEL: F22 J21 J61
    Date: 2013–05
  4. By: Niman, Ekaterina; Deaton, B. James; Grogan, Louise
    Keywords: Labor and Human Capital, Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies,
    Date: 2013
  5. By: Hightower, Lisa S.; Brennan, Mark A.
    Abstract: African immigrants in the United States (U.S.) experience immense challenges in the form of poverty, unemployment, and underemployment. Limited English language proficiency often restricts African immigrants to low-paying, unskilled positions. Ethnic entrepreneurship in the form of small-scale farming provides some African immigrants with an alternative to mainstream employment. Key to the success of many African immigrants is participation in beginning farmer programs. These programs operate as social networks, connecting immigrant farmers to training, farming resources, and members of the local community who provide access to additional resources and markets. Drawing from social capital theory, this mixed methods study investigates economic outcomes and social capital development within immigrant farmer programs. Immigrant farmer programs are analyzed as social networks that connect immigrants to technical training, farming resources, and community members who can provide access to markets. Data were collected through a survey of 112 agricultural educators working with immigrant farming programs across the United States. Data were also collected through case studies of programs in Ohio and Virginia. Bivariate correlation tests found the following agricultural training topics were significantly associated with economic outcomes, specifically training on farm equipment use, organic certification, and pest management. Ten marketing training topics were associated with economic outcomes, including business management, identifying markets, and introduction to direct markets. Social network ties were also associated with economic outcomes. These relationships were with the following organizations: farmers markets, community-supported organizations, the Extension Service, local farm supply stores, restaurants, and the Farm Bureau. Multiple regression tests found that 24.8% of the variance in economic outcomes could be accounted for by social network development, market training, and agricultural training.
    Keywords: Ethnic entrepreneurship, social capital, social networks, immigrant farmers, African immigrants, local food systems, Agribusiness, Community/Rural/Urban Development, Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession,
    Date: 2013–05
  6. By: Kaushal, Neeraj (Columbia University); Shang, Ce (University of Illinois at Chicago)
    Abstract: We study the earnings of Mexican immigrants in their traditional and newer destinations in the US. Analysis based on longitudinal data suggests that during 2001-2009, the real wage of Mexican immigrants increased 1-2% a year at the traditional destinations, but remained mostly statistically insignificant at the newer destinations. Mexicans at the traditional destinations exhibited greater residential stability: internal migration, non-follow up in the longitudinal data, and predicted return migration were higher among immigrants at the newer destinations than among immigrants at the traditional destinations. Predicted return migration was found to be selective on past earnings among men, but not among women. For men, a 10 percentage point increase in predicted probability of return migration was associated with a 0.3-0.5% lower wage in the year prior to return.
    Keywords: Mexican immigrants, selection, earning assimilation, geographic dispersion, return migration
    JEL: J61 J15
    Date: 2013–05
  7. By: Deniz Gevrek (Texas A&M University, Corpus Christi, 6300 Ocean Drive, Corpus Christi, TX 78412 and IZA, Bonn, Germany); Z. Eylem Gevrek (Department of Economics, University of Konstanz, Germany); Cahit Guven (Deakin University, Victoria 125, Australia)
    Abstract: Using the Children of the Immigrants Longitudinal Study from the United States, this paper examines the association between schooling at the intensive margin and adult outcomes among first- and second-generation American immigrants. Schooling at the intensive margin is measured by reading and math scores in middle school and by GPA scores in both middle and high school. We find that measures of academic performance predict pecuniary and nonpecuniary adult outcomes. We also find that academic performance in high school relative to middle school is important in explaining adult socioeconomic outcomes. Immigrants with higher GPAs in high school compared to middle school have more schooling, are in better health, are less likely to commit crime, and have higher expectations regarding future job prestige and schooling. On the other hand, a decline in GPAs is associated with lower satisfaction with income and occupation. Moreover, our results indicate that infant mortality rate, which is used as a proxy for unfavorable health conditions in the country of birth, has a negative impact on academic performance during childhood and on personal earnings and income satisfaction during adulthood.
    Keywords: Economics of Education, Human Capital, School Performance, Immigrants
    JEL: I21 I25 J15 J24
    Date: 2013–06–08
  8. By: Clemente, Jesús; Larramona, Gemma; Olmos, Lorena
    Abstract: The aim of this paper is to analyze the effects of labor market conditions in the origin and the destination on interregional migration in Spain, over the period 1988-2010. A basic theoretical framework is developed and the implications of the model suggest that the effect of labor market conditions on migration can vary, depending on a certain threshold. In a second step, the implications of the model are tested with Spanish data, using a new approach based on the presence of thresholds. We show that interregional migration can be explained by labor market fundamentals if the expected wage gap between the origin and the destination is below an endogenously determinate value.
    Keywords: Interregional migration, Thresholds, Spain.
    JEL: C20 J61 R23
    Date: 2013
  9. By: Deininger, Klaus W.; Giles, John; Jin, Songqing; Wang, Hui
    Keywords: poverty, China, migration, household definition, Community/Rural/Urban Development, Consumer/Household Economics, International Development,
    Date: 2013–08

This nep-mig issue is ©2013 by Yuji Tamura. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.