nep-mig New Economics Papers
on Economics of Human Migration
Issue of 2011‒07‒02
five papers chosen by
Yuji Tamura
Australian National University

  1. The Portability of New Immigrants' Human Capital: Language, Education and Occupational Matching By Gustave Goldmann; Arthur Sweetman; Casey Warman
  2. The future of the fence around the European labour market By Kox, Henk L.M.
  3. Considerents Concerning the Romanian Emigrants' Options By Fitiu, Avram; Merce, Emilian; Sabau, Marius Mircea
  4. Does religion matter? Exploring economic performance differences among Romanian emigrants By Roman, Monica; Goschin, Zizi

  1. By: Gustave Goldmann (University of Ottawa); Arthur Sweetman (McMaster University); Casey Warman (Queen's University)
    Abstract: The implications of human capital portability -- including interactions between education, language skills and pre- and post-immigration occupational matching -- for earnings are explored for new immigrants to Canada. Given the importance of occupation-specific skills, as a precursor we also investigate occupational mobility and observe convergence toward the occupational skill distribution of the domestic population, although four years after landing immigrants remain less likely have a high skilled job. Immigrants who are able to match their source and host country occupations obtain higher earnings. However, surprisingly, neither matching nor language skills have any impact on the return to pre-immigration work experience, which is observed to be statistically significantly negative. Crucially, English language skills are found to have an appreciable direct impact on earnings, and to mediate the return to pre-immigration education but not labour market experience.
    Keywords: Immigration, human capital portability, occupation, education, language
    JEL: J24 J61 J62
    Date: 2011–06
  2. By: Kox, Henk L.M.
    Abstract: In international forums the EU calls for freedom of movement for goods, services and capital. Freedom of movement of labour - labour migration in other words - is excluded from this claim, certainly in relation to medium- and low-skilled labour. This paper addresses two questions. Firstly, what are the effects of EU's restrictive labour migration policy on welfare within and outside the EU? Both welfare effects are found to be considerable. Secondly, is this policy sustainable over the longer term, say towards 2030? The paper evaluates foreseeable pressures on the fence around the EU labour market, coming from within and from outside the EU. The paper sketches policy options for dealing with the dilemmas that may arise from these pressures.
    Keywords: labour migration; European Union; welfare; immigration policy
    JEL: F22 F16 J61 D45
    Date: 2011–06
  3. By: Fitiu, Avram; Merce, Emilian; Sabau, Marius Mircea
    Abstract: The aim of this work is to assess the emigrants' opinions from the rural area of Salaj county, North-West Romania, related to some behaviour related items. In this rural dominated area mostly work capable inhabitants are temporary emigrating in EU countries. They are attracted especially by the higher incomes these countries are able to assure. Their life level, preferred work countries and reasons of leaving and returning in the home country were considered in this representative 471-research questionnaires which conclusions are presented below
    Keywords: home country; intentions; opinions; incomes; reasons; Emigration
    Date: 2010–07–05
  4. By: Roman, Monica; Goschin, Zizi
    Abstract: Although migration and religion have traditionally developed as two separate research topics, in the current context of globalization and trans-nationalism attention begins to focus on the way they interconnect. Religion received little attention in Romanian studies on migration undertaken so far. Using the results of our survey among Romanian international migrants of different religious faiths, this paper aims to raise interest in migration-religion relationship and, at the same time, to improve the understanding of the economic performance factors in a migration context by focusing on the distinctive characteristics of Romanian religious minorities. We address both the theoretical and the empirical dimension of this topic, making use of various statistical methods. Our main findings are consistent with the assumption that religious belief is reflecting upon the behavior and economic performance of Romanian migrants.
    Keywords: religious minorities; international migration; economic performance; remittances; Romania
    JEL: C10 Z12 J61 R23
    Date: 2011–02
  5. By: Roman, Monica; Ileanu, Bogdan
    Abstract: The purpose of the paper is to analyze the migrants’ propensity to sending money to the origin country. The study is based on data coming from the National Immigrant Survey of Spain. We employ a binary logistic regression model in order to identify the impact of socio-demographical factors on the probability of sending money abroad from Spain, focusing on a large group of respondents, which are Eastern Europe migrants.
    Keywords: migration remmitances financial effects transition countries
    JEL: C51 J61 F24 R23
    Date: 2010–07–01

This nep-mig issue is ©2011 by Yuji Tamura. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.