nep-mig New Economics Papers
on Economics of Human Migration
Issue of 2009‒02‒22
six papers chosen by
Yuji Tamura
Australian National University

  1. Are there Gender-specific Preferences for Location Factors? A Grouped Conditional Logit-Model of Interregional Migration Flows in Germany By Lutz Schneider; Alexander Kubis
  2. Housing Liquidity, Mobility, and the Labour Market By Allen Head; Huw Lloyd-Ellis
  3. Product complexity, quality of institutions and the pro-trade effect of immigrants By Anthony Briant; Pierre-Philippe Combes; Miren Lafourcade
  4. THE BALASSA-SAMUELSON HYPOTHESIS AND ELDERLY MIGRATION By Hernando Zuleta; Oscar Avila; Mauricio Rodriguez
  5. The effects of immigration on the productive structure of Spanish regions By Francisco Requena; Guadalupe Serrano; Joan Martín Montaner
  6. The Skill Composition of Migration and the Generosity of the Welfare State By Alon Cohen; Assaf Razin; Efraim Sadka

  1. By: Lutz Schneider; Alexander Kubis
    Abstract: The article analyses the question whether women and men differ in their tastes for location factors. The question is answered by quantifying the impact of location characteristics on interregional migration flows across Germany. The analysis is based on a grouped conditional logit approach. We augment the framework by controlling for violation of the independence of irrelevant alternatives assumption and for overdispersion. As a result, we find no differences in terms of direction of impact. However, the regressions confirm gender differences in terms of intensity, particularly regarding regional wage levels and the availability of educational institutions.
    Keywords: Labour Mobility; Gender Economics; Regional Migration; Discrete Choice Model
    JEL: C25 J61 J16 R23
    Date: 2009–02
  2. By: Allen Head (Queen's University); Huw Lloyd-Ellis (Queen's University)
    Abstract: The relationships among geographical mobility, unemployment and the value of owner-occupied housing are studied in an economy with heterogeneous locations and search frictions in the markets for both labour and houses. Di¤erences in labour market conditions between cities affect the speed with which houses may be sold--that is, the liquidity of housing. At the same time housing market conditions affect employment decisions and thus the allocation of labour across cities. In equilibrium, unemployment rates for home-owners are higher than for otherwise identical renters. Unemployment and home-ownership rates are, however, negatively correlated across cities. In a parameterized example we find that, although renters are much more mobile than owners, the impact of home-ownership on aggregate unemployment is quantitatively small.
    Keywords: liquidity, mobility, home-ownership, unemployment
    JEL: J61 J64 R23
    Date: 2008–12
  3. By: Anthony Briant; Pierre-Philippe Combes; Miren Lafourcade
    Abstract: The paper assesses the trade-creating impact of foreign-born residents on the international imports and exports of the French regions where they are settled. The pro-trade effect of immigrants is investigated along two intertwined dimensions: the complexity of traded goods and the quality of institutions in partner countries. The trade-enhancing impact of immigrants is, on average, more salient when they come from a country with weak institutions. However, this positive impact is especially large on the imports of simple products. When we turn to complex goods, for which the information channel conveyed by immigrants is the most valuable, immigration enhances imports regardless of the quality of institutions in the partner country. Regarding exports, immigrants substitute for weak institutions on both simple and complex goods.
    Date: 2009
  4. By: Hernando Zuleta; Oscar Avila; Mauricio Rodriguez
    Abstract: We present an Overlapping Generations Model with two final goods: tradable goods are produced with a standard Cobb-Douglas production function and non-tradable goods are produced with linear production function where the only factor is labor. We maintain the fundamental assumption of factor mobility between sectors so model is consistent with the Balassa-Samuelson hypothesis. Given the general equilibrium structure of our model we can examine the effect of the saving rate on migration and non-tradable relative prices. Under this setting, we find that the elderly have incentives to migrate from economies where productivity is high to economies with low productivity because of the lower cost of living. In more general terms the elderly migration is likely to go from rich to poor countries. We also find that, for poor countries, the elderly migration has a positive effect in wages and capital accumulation.
    Date: 2009–02–06
  5. By: Francisco Requena (Universitat de València); Guadalupe Serrano (Universitat de València); Joan Martín Montaner (Universitat Jaume I)
    Abstract: Immigrants have increased their participation in Spanish labour supply from less than 3 percent in 1996 to more than 13 percent in 2005. Using the factor proportion model of production, this paper analyses whether this labour supply shock has affected the industrial structure of Spanish regions. Our best specification suggests the need to include time varying region-specific effects to capture differences in technology and prices across regions. Our results confirm that, first, labour endowment differences across regions help to explain the pattern of industry specialisation across region. Second, immigrants and natives act as complementary factors in most industries. Third, the importance of factor endowment changes is relatively small compared to production technique changes and idiosyncratic industry changes in explaining the overall changes in industrial structure over 1996-2005, being only important in the case of Building, a sector where foreign workers represent an important share of its total labour force.
    Date: 2009–01
  6. By: Alon Cohen; Assaf Razin; Efraim Sadka
    Abstract: Skilled migrants typically contribute to the welfare state more than they draw in benefits from it. The opposite holds for unskilled migrants. This suggests that a host country is likely to boost (respectively, curtail) its welfare system when absorbing high-skill (respectively, low-skill) migration. In this paper we first examine this hypothesis in a politico-economic setup. We then confront the prediction of the theory with evidence. In doing so, we reckon with an endogeneity problem that arise because the skill composition of migration is itself affected by the generosity of the welfare state.
    JEL: F22 H55
    Date: 2009–02

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