nep-mig New Economics Papers
on Economics of Human Migration
Issue of 2008‒05‒24
five papers chosen by
Yuji Tamura
Australian National University

  1. Psychological Traits and Earnings Differences Among Men: A Study of Second - Generation Immigrants in Sweden By Hanes, Niklas; Norlin, Erik
  2. Wealth Constraints, Skill Prices or Networks: What Determines Emigrant Selection? By Jesús Fernández-Huertas Moraga
  3. New Evidence on Emigrant Selection By Jesús Fernández-Huertas Moraga
  4. Internal migration: a review of the literature By Etzo, Ivan
  5. Leaving Home and the Chances of Being Poor: the Case of Young People in Southern European Countries By Lavinia Parisi

  1. By: Hanes, Niklas (Department of Economics, Umeå University); Norlin, Erik (Department of Economics, Umeå University)
    Abstract: The purpose of this study is to analyse the impact of psychological traits on earnings differentials between second-generation immigrants and individuals with native-born parents. The study is based on the cohort of men born in 1973 and residing in Sweden in December 1990. In this paper we use an indicator of psychological ability measured in connection to the military enrolment test in Sweden. The results show that the measure of psychological traits is an important determinant of earnings at the age of 30. Using an Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition we find that the earnings differences between second-generation immigrants and individuals with native born parents to a large part are explained by differences in endowments of psychological traits.
    Keywords: Earnings differentials; psychological traits; military enrolment test; secondgeneration immigrants; Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition
    JEL: J15 J24 J61 J71
    Date: 2008–05–15
  2. By: Jesús Fernández-Huertas Moraga
    Abstract: The productive characteristics of migrating individuals, emigrant selection, affect welfare. The empirical estimation of the degree of selection suffers from a lack of complete and nationally representative data. This paper uses a new and better dataset to address both issues: the ENET (Mexican Labor Survey), which identifies emigrants right before they leave and allows a direct comparison to non-migrants. This dataset presents a relevant dichotomy: it shows on average negative selection for Mexican emigrants to the United States for the period 2000-2004 together with positive selection in Mexican emigration out of rural Mexico to the United States in the same period. Three theories that could explain this dichotomy are tested. Whereas higher skill prices in Mexico than in the US are enough to explain negative selection in urban Mexico, its combination with network effects and wealth constraints is required to account for positive selection in rural Mexico.
    Keywords: international migration, selection, wealth constraints, household survey
    JEL: F22 O15 J61 D33
    Date: 2008–03–12
  3. By: Jesús Fernández-Huertas Moraga
    Abstract: This paper examines the extent to which Mexican emigrants to the United States are negatively selected, that is, have lower skills than individuals who remain in Mexico. Previous studies have been limited by the lack of nationally representative longitudinal data. This one uses a newly available household survey, which identifies emigrants before they leave and allows a direct comparison to non-migrants. I find that, on average, US bound Mexican emigrants from 2000 to 2004 earn a lower wage and have less schooling years than individuals who remain in Mexico, evidence of negative selection. This supports the original hypothesis of Borjas (AER, 1987) and argues against recent findings, notably those of Chiquiar and Hanson (JPE, 2005). The discrepancy with the latter is primarily due to an under-count of unskilled migrants in US sources and secondarily to the omission of unobservables in their methodology.
    Keywords: international migration, selection, household survey
    JEL: F22 O15 J61 D33
    Date: 2008–04–10
  4. By: Etzo, Ivan
    Abstract: The interest of interregional migration flows in economics covers two important aspects. The first aspect concerns the role played by the main macroeconomic variables in determining the intensity and the directions of the migration flows. The second aspect focuses on migration as an important variable that might affect the growth rate. This study reviews and discusses the main literature on migration with respect to these two branches of study.
    Keywords: Internal migration; survey; gravity model; migration and growth.
    JEL: O15 R23
    Date: 2008–05
  5. By: Lavinia Parisi (Institute for Social and Economic Research)
    Abstract: This paper analyses, for Southern European countries, the link between the poverty status of young people who leave home and the economic status of their family of origin. First we model the poverty status of those who leave home while also accounting for the fact that youths from better-off households are more likely to leave home (a sample selection model). Second we address the time at risk of leaving home using a competing risks duration model. Estimates from both approaches suggest that young people delay leaving home because it may increase their chances of being poor. Moreover both approaches indicate that young people who have left home are more likely to be poor if their family of origin is poor and that differences across countries are not statistically significant.
    Keywords: poverty persistence, young people, youth poverty
    Date: 2008–03

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