nep-mig New Economics Papers
on Economics of Human Migration
Issue of 2008‒02‒09
five papers chosen by
Yuji Tamura
Australian National University

  1. Bounds analysis of competing risks : a nonparametric evaluation of the effect of unemployment benefits on migration in Germany By Arntz, Melanie; Lo, Simon M. S.; Wilke, Ralf A.
  2. The Effects of an Upper Secondary Education Reform on the Attainment of Immigrant Youth By Christian N. Brinch, Bernt Bratsberg and Oddbjørn Raaum
  3. The Asset Portfolios of Native-Born and Foreign-Born Households By Cobb-Clark, Deborah; Hildebrand, Vincent A.
  4. Mexican Immigrants, the Labor Market and the Current Population Survey: Seasonality Effects, Framing Effects, and Sensitivity of Results By Lozano, Fernando A.; Sorensen, Todd
  5. The Earnings of Immigrants in Ireland: Results from the 2005 EU Survey of Income and Living Conditions By Alan Barrett; Yvonne McCarthy

  1. By: Arntz, Melanie; Lo, Simon M. S.; Wilke, Ralf A.
    Abstract: "In this paper we derive nonparametric bounds for the cumulative incidence curve within a competing risks model with partly identified interval data. As an advantage over earlier attempts our approach also gives valid results in case of dependent competing risks. We apply our framework to empirically evaluate the effect of unemployment benefits on observed migration of unemployed workers in Germany. Our findings weakly indicate that reducing the entitlement length for unemployment benefits increases migration among high-skilled individuals." (author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))
    Keywords: Arbeitslosenunterstützung, Leistungsanspruch - Dauer, Binnenwanderung, regionale Mobilität, Wanderungsmotivation, Mobilitätsbereitschaft, Arbeitslose, Hochqualifizierte, IAB-Beschäftigtenstichprobe
    JEL: C41 C14 J61
    Date: 2007–08–13
  2. By: Christian N. Brinch, Bernt Bratsberg and Oddbjørn Raaum (Statistics Norway)
    Abstract: The national Norwegian school reform of 1994, which gave statutory right to at least three years of upper secondary education, had a significant impact on educational attainment among immigrant youth. In particular, we find that the immigrant transition rate from compulsory schooling to completion of the first year of upper secondary education improved from the pre- to the post-reform period. Using a sequential binomial logit framework, we present evidence that the improvement can be attributed to reductions in capacity constraints, rather than cohort heterogeneity. An important implication is that non-targeted educational reforms may have large impacts on the educational attainment of disadvantaged groups in general and ethnic minority youth in particular.
    Keywords: schooling transitions; immigrant youth; reform effects
    JEL: I21
    Date: 2008–01
  3. By: Cobb-Clark, Deborah (Australian National University); Hildebrand, Vincent A. (York University, Canada)
    Abstract: This paper analyses the net worth and asset portfolios of native- and foreign-born Australian families using HILDA (wave 2) data. Specifically, we estimate a system of asset equations with an adding-up constraint imposed to control for variation in households’ total net worth. Our results indicate that after accounting for differences in human capital and income levels, single immigrants have a wealth advantage of almost $185,000 relative to single native-born individuals. Although the wealth gap between mixed and native-born couples is not statistically significant, immigrant-only couples have approximately $150,000 less wealth on average than native-born couples. Relative to equally wealthy native-born couples, immigrant-only couples hold substantially more of their wealth in their homes and less in the form of vehicles and financial assets. Mixed couples, on the other hand, allocate their wealth across assets in the same way as native-born couples.
    Keywords: wealth, immigrants, housing
    JEL: J61 G11 J1
    Date: 2008–01
  4. By: Lozano, Fernando A. (Pomona College); Sorensen, Todd (University of California, Riverside)
    Abstract: In this paper we compare estimates of immigrants’ labor supply assimilation profiles using the Current Population Survey Annual Demographic Files (March ADS) and the Current Population Survey Outgoing Rotation Groups (ORGs). We use a measure that is seemingly consistent across both surveys: usual weekly hours of work in the main job. Our results indicate that the two surveys produce dramatically different estimates of the change in average hours of work as immigrants’ years in the United States increase: estimates from the March ADS predict much steeper hour’s assimilation profiles than do estimates obtained from the ORGs. We argue that these differences stem from two separate factors that differentiate the data. First, the ADS and ORG frame the usual hours worked question differently. Also, differences in the timing of the surveys may produce seasonality effects that differentially affect the composition of recent and earlier migrants, thereby changing assimilation profiles.
    Keywords: immigration, March CPS, CPS outgoing rotations, hours of work
    JEL: J16 J22
    Date: 2008–01
  5. By: Alan Barrett (Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI)); Yvonne McCarthy (Central Bank and Financial Services Authority of Ireland)
    Abstract: This paper has three objectives. First, a review of the developing body of work on the economics of immigration in Ireland is provided. Second, the analysis undertaken by Barrett and McCarthy (forthcoming) of earnings of immigrants in Ireland is updated. Third, the earnings of immigrant women are assessed to see if they experience a “double disadvantage”. Among other findings, the review of the emerging literature points to immigrants faring less well in the Irish labour market relative to native employees. As regards the analysis conducted in this paper, we find that immigrants were earning 15 percent less than comparable natives employees in 2005. For immigrants from non-English speaking countries, the wage disadvantage was 20 percent. The corresponding figure for immigrants from the EU’s New Member States was 31 percent. A double disadvantage is found for immigrant women, with the earnings of female immigrants found to be 14 percent less than those of comparable native female employees. This double disadvantage is concentrated among female immigrants with third level degrees.
    Keywords: Immigrants’ earnings, Ireland
    JEL: J61
    Date: 2007–08

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