nep-mig New Economics Papers
on Economics of Human Migration
Issue of 2007‒06‒30
four papers chosen by
Yuji Tamura
Trinity College Dublin

  1. East-West Migration and Gender: Is there a "Double Disadvantage" vis-à-vis Stayers? By Anzelika Zaiceva
  2. The Macroeconomic Effects of Migration from the New European Union Member States to the United Kingdom By Dora M. Iakova
  3. Decentralization and Ethnic Conflict: The Role of Empowerment By Tranchant, Jean-Pierre
  4. African Migration to Europe: Obscured Responsibilities and Common Misconceptions By Dirk Kohnert

  1. By: Anzelika Zaiceva (IZA)
    Abstract: This paper documents whether female East-West migrants in Germany after the reunification experience a gain or a disadvantage after they moved compared to both stayers and males. It employs panel data techniques to take account of unobserved heterogeneity. I find that migrant women after migration neither experience a drop in relative employment, nor lower relative hourly wages. They do, however, work less hours and have a lower annual income. The results also suggest that for them, the income effect dominates the substitution effect and they substitute market work with home production, specifically with childcare.
    Keywords: migration, gender, panel data
    JEL: J16 J61 R23
    Date: 2007–05
  2. By: Dora M. Iakova
    Abstract: The United Kingdom allowed workers from the ten new European Union member countries immediate access to its labor market after the accession in 2004. This paper uses a general equilibrium framework to explore the dynamic adjustment of the UK economy to the postaccession surge in immigration. Simulations show that immigration is likely to have positive effects on economic growth, capital accumulation, consumption, and the public finances.
    Keywords: Immigration , new EU member states , globalization , free labor movement , Immigration , United Kingdom , European Union , Globalization , Labor mobility , Economic models ,
    Date: 2007–03–15
  3. By: Tranchant, Jean-Pierre
    Abstract: Decentralization is increasing in all parts of the world. Assessing the efficiency of decentralization as a means to mitigate ethnic conflict is then of primarily importance. This paper builds a simple model of decentralization as an empowerment mechanism. It suggests that decentralization could promote peace conditional on a set of countries and groups characteristics. Typically, decentralization should empower minorities which are small at the national level, while representing a critical mass of the population in the regions they live in. Empirical results confirm that decentralization impacts ethnic conflict only when those conditioning factors are controlled for. Furthermore, decentralization dampens all forms of ethnic violence for groups spatially concentrated enough and/or for groups having a local majority. In contrast, it fuels protest and even rebellion for groups lacking one. The paper then highlights the crucial need to build checks and balances mechanisms at the regional level for local minorities not being harmed by the decentralization process.
    Keywords: Minorities; Ethnic Conflict; Decentralization; Panel Data Analysis
    JEL: D74 H77
    Date: 2007–05
  4. By: Dirk Kohnert (GIGA Institute of African Affairs)
    Abstract: The number of migrants from conflict regions in Africa has been increasing dramatically. The European Union shares dual responsibility for the continuing migration pressure: First, because it fostered over decades corrupt and autocratic regimes with dire disregard to principles of ‘good governance’. The aftermath of these regimes is still felt today and constitutes one of the underlying factors for politically motivated migration. Second, the EU contributed to Africa’s economic misery due to its selfish external trade policy. Nevertheless, the prevailing perspective of the EU and of its member countries concerning African immigration remains to be focused on security, the foreclosure of its external borders and prevention. Current EU programs and concepts to fight African migration are questionable. Even development-oriented approaches are bound to fail, if not backed by sustainable immigration policies.
    Keywords: Migration; West Africa; Europe; remittances; brain-drain; foreign trade policy; security; circular migration.
    JEL: F22 F35 F42 F53 N17 N37 N44 O15 O2 O52 O55 R23
    Date: 2007–05

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