nep-mig New Economics Papers
on Economics of Human Migration
Issue of 2007‒04‒14
seven papers chosen by
Yuji Tamura
Trinity College Dublin

  1. The Harris-Todaro Hypothesis By M. Ali Khan
  2. Moving to high quality of life By Jordan Rappaport
  3. Does mobility of educated workers undermine decentralized education policies? By Christiane Schuppert
  4. How Many Hours Do You Have to Work to Be Integrated? Full Time and Part Time Employment of Native and Ethnic Minority Women in the Netherlands By Pieter Bevelander; Sandra Groeneveld
  5. The Labour Market Position of Turkish Immigrants in Germany and the Netherlands: Reason for Migration, Naturalisation and Language Proficiency By Rob Euwals; Jaco Dagevos; Mérove Gijsberts; Hans Roodenburg
  6. Migration and Regional Convergence: An Empirical Investigation for Turkey By Kirdar, Murat; Saracoglu, Sirin
  7. Can International Factor Mobility lessen Wage Inequality in a Dual Economy? By Beladi, Hamid; Chaudhuri, Sarbajit; Yabuuchi, Shigemi

  1. By: M. Ali Khan (The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA)
    Abstract: The Harris-Todaro hypothesis replaces the equality of wages by the equality of ‘expected’ wages as the basic equilibrium condition in a segmented but homogeneous labour market, and in so doing it generates an equilibrium level of urban unemployment when a mechanism for the determination of urban wages is specified. This article reviews work in which the Harris-Todaro hypothesis is embedded in canonical models of trade theory in order to investigate a variety of issues in development economics. These include the desirability (or the lack thereof) of foreign investment, the complications of an informal sector, and the presence of clearly identifiable ethnic groups
    Keywords: Harris-Todaro, Wages, Labour Economics, Labour Market, Rural to Urban Migration
    JEL: D00
    Date: 2007
  2. By: Jordan Rappaport
    Abstract: The U.S. population has been migrating to places with high perceived quality of life. A calibrated general-equilibrium model shows that such migration follows from broad-based technological progress. Rising national wages increase demand for consumption amenities. Under a baseline parameterization, a place with amenities for which individuals would pay 5 percent of their income grows 0.3 percent faster than an otherwise identical place. Productivity is shown to be a decreasingly important determinant of local population. The faster growth of high-amenity places is considerably strengthened if they have low initial equilibrium population density underpinned by low relative productivity. Places with identical amenities asymptotically converge to an identical population density, regardless of their relative productivity levels. An implication is that the high growth rates of high-amenity localities should eventually taper off.>
    Keywords: Consumption (Economics) ; Quality of life
    Date: 2007
  3. By: Christiane Schuppert
    Abstract: The present paper studies a multi-jurisdictional framework, in which, from a federal perspective, educational subsidies turn out to be efficiency enhancing. However, in the presence of mobile high-skilled labor, local jurisdictions might try to free-ride on other regions´education policies and abstain from subsidizing education. Social mobility is introduced as an additional dimension of labor mobility. Using this framework, it is shown that local governments abide by the optimal decision rule for subsidizing human capital investments. Hence, decentralized education policies remain to be efficient, although high-skilled workers are perfectly mobile. Only if one allows for high- and low-skilled mobility, local incentives to promote education vanish.
    Date: 2007–03
  4. By: Pieter Bevelander (IMER, Malmö University and IZA); Sandra Groeneveld (Erasmus University Rotterdam)
    Abstract: Labor market participation is a central factor in the economic integration of migrants in their host country. Labor market integration of ethnic minority women is of special interest, as they may experience a double disadvantage: both as a woman and as a migrant. Since the late nineties this presumed double disadvantage has become more and more the focus of both Dutch integration and Dutch emancipation policy. To test several assumptions underlying Dutch policy this paper focuses on the employment patterns of ethnic minority and native women in the Netherlands. In particular, we analyze to what extent labor market participation of different groups of women and the hours they work are influenced by human capital and household characteristics. Our results show some remarkable differences in employment patterns between native Dutch and ethnic minority women. Controlling for educational level, partnership and the presence of children, native Dutch women are working more often in part time jobs than Mediterranean and Caribbean women. For all women the educational level is an important determinant of employment and the number of hours worked. Whereas the number of children influences both the employment decision and the number of hours worked of native Dutch women, for Mediterranean and Caribbean women there is only an effect of the number of children on the odds of having a full time job.
    Keywords: F22, J22, J61
    Date: 2007–03
  5. By: Rob Euwals (CPB, The Hague, Netspar and IZA); Jaco Dagevos (SCP, The Hague); Mérove Gijsberts (SCP, The Hague); Hans Roodenburg (CPB, The Hague)
    Abstract: On the basis of the German Socio-Economic Panel 2002 and the Dutch Social Position and Use of Provision Survey 2002, we investigate the importance of characteristics related to immigration for the labour market position of Turkish immigrants. We use regression techniques to correct for composition effects in employment rates, tenured job rates and job prestige scores (ISEI). First, we find that educational attainment and language proficiency have a higher return in the Netherlands than in Germany. Second, we find that second generation immigrants have improved their labour market position relative to the first generation of labour migrants and their partners. The improvement is largely due to an improvement in educational attainment and language proficiency. Third, for the Netherlands we find a positive relation between naturalisation and labour market position, while for Germany we find a negative relation with tenured employment. The contrasting results on tenured employment may be explained partly by differences in immigration rules. In Germany economic self-reliance is more important than in the Netherlands, and this may lead to a stronger incentive to naturalise for workers with a temporary contract.
    Keywords: immigration, labour market, naturalisation, language proficiency
    JEL: C25 F22 J15 J61
    Date: 2007–03
  6. By: Kirdar, Murat; Saracoglu, Sirin
    Abstract: The standard growth model predicts that allowing for labor mobility across regions would increase the speed of convergence in per capita income levels and that migration has a negative causal impact on regional growth rates. Although the empirical literature has uncovered some evidence for the former implication, the latter has not been verified empirically. This paper provides empirical evidence for the negative causal impact of migration on provincial growth rates in a developing country with a high level of internal migration that is characterized by unskilled labor exiting rural areas for urban centers. We utilize an instrumental variables estimation method with an instrument unique to the country examined, and we also control for provincial fixed effects.
    Keywords: Regional convergence; Regional growth; Internal migration; Fixed effects; IV estimation
    JEL: O40 R23
    Date: 2007–04
  7. By: Beladi, Hamid; Chaudhuri, Sarbajit; Yabuuchi, Shigemi
    Abstract: We introduce international labor mobility in a three-sector general equilibrium model with rural-urban migration. We demonstrate that under some reasonable conditions an inflow of foreign skilled labor (capital) can reduce skilled-unskilled wage inequality.
    Keywords: Skilled-unskilled wage inequality; rural-urban migration; Unemployment; International factor movements
    JEL: F21 F22
    Date: 2007–01–03

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