nep-mfd New Economics Papers
on Microfinance
Issue of 2021‒05‒31
two papers chosen by
Aastha Pudasainee and Olivier Dagnelie

  1. Evaluating the Effect of Credit Collection Policy on Portfolio Quality of Micro-Finance Bank By Esther Yusuf Enoch; Abubakar Mahmud Digil; Usman Abubakar Arabo
  2. Business or Basic Needs? The Impact of Loan Purpose on Social Crowdfunding Platforms By Hadar Gafni; Marek Hudon; Anaïs A Périlleux

  1. By: Esther Yusuf Enoch; Abubakar Mahmud Digil; Usman Abubakar Arabo
    Abstract: This study evaluates the effect of collection policy on portfolio quality of microfinance banks in Adamawa State, Nigeria. Real data were collected from 51 credit officers, then a multi-stage sampling method was used to select a sample of 21 respondents from the population (i.e., 51 credit officers). In addition, we used regression analysis and descriptive statistics to analyze the data collected and to also test our proposed hypothesis. Based on the evaluation performed, the results showed that collection policy has a higher effect on portfolio quality. Hence, the study showed that microfinance banks should adhere to strict or stiff debt collection policy as strictness in collection policy help the banks to recover their loans, thereby improving the portfolio quality of the bank.
    Date: 2021–05
  2. By: Hadar Gafni; Marek Hudon; Anaïs A Périlleux
    Abstract: Crowdfunding has created new opportunities for poor microentrepreneurs. One crucial question is the impact that the purpose of a loan—either business investment or basic necessities—may have on the success of a campaign. Investigating a prosocial crowdfunding platform, we find that loans taken out to meet basic needs are funded faster than business-related loans, especially for small amounts, which can be explained by the prosocial motivation of microlenders. Moreover, female microborrowers are funded faster than men, especially for basic needs loans. Our results therefore suggest an ethical blind spot, since prosocially motivated crowdlenders may unintentionally end up producing adverse effects, replicating gender role by supporting women to a lesser extent when they apply for business loans. This finding expands prosocial motivational theory in ethical finance.
    Keywords: Basic necessities; Business loans; Crowdfunding; Ethical finance; Gender preference; Microfinance; Microlending
    Date: 2020–05–01

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