nep-mfd New Economics Papers
on Microfinance
Issue of 2010‒04‒04
one paper chosen by
Olivier Dagnelie
Instituto de Analisis Economico, CSIC

  1. Ghana’s National Health Insurance Scheme in the Context of the Health MDGs – An Empirical Evaluation Using Propensity Score Matching By Joseph Mensah; Joseph R. Oppong; Christoph M. Schmidt

  1. By: Joseph Mensah; Joseph R. Oppong; Christoph M. Schmidt
    Abstract: In 2003 the Government of Ghana established a National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) to improve health care access for Ghanaians and eventually replace the cashand- carry system. This study evaluates the NHIS to determine whether it is fulfi lling its purpose in the context of the Millennium Development Goals #4 and #5 which deal with the health of women and children. We use Propensity Score Matching techniques to balance the relevant background characteristics in our survey data and compare health outcomes of recent mothers who are enrolled in the NHIS with those who are not. Our fi ndings suggest that NHIS women are more likely to receive prenatal care, deliver at a hospital, have their deliveries attended by trained health professionals, and experience less birth complications. We conclude that NHIS is an eff ective tool for increasing health care access, and improving health outcomes.
    Keywords: Health insurance, prenatal care, Millennium Development Goals, Propensity Score Matching
    JEL: I18 O12 C21
    Date: 2009–12
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:rwi:repape:0157&r=mfd

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