nep-ltv New Economics Papers
on Unemployment, Inequality and Poverty
Issue of 2023‒08‒14
three papers chosen by
Maximo Rossi
Universidad de la República

  1. Are the Upwardly-Mobile More Left-Wing? By Clark, Andrew E.; Cotofan, Maria
  2. The Impact of Maternal Education on Early Childhood Development: The Case of Turkey By Deniz Karaoglan; Serap Sagir; Meltem Dayioglu; Durdane Sirin Saracoglu
  3. Mobility Restrictions and Alcohol Use during Lockdown: “A Still and Dry Pandemic for the Many"? By Martina Celidoni; Joan Costa-i-Font; Luca Salmasi

  1. By: Clark, Andrew E. (Paris School of Economics); Cotofan, Maria (King's College London)
    Abstract: It is well-known that the wealthier are more likely to have Right-leaning political preferences. We here in addition consider the role of the individual's starting position, and in particular their upward social mobility relative to their parents. In 18 waves of UK panel data, both own and parental social status are independently positively associated with Rightleaning voting and political preferences: given their own social status, the upwardly-mobile are therefore more Left-wing. We investigate a number of potential mediators: these results do not reflect the relationship between well-being and own and parents' social status, but are rather linked to the individual's beliefs about how fair society is.
    Keywords: social mobility, voting, redistribution, satisfaction, fairness
    JEL: A14 C25 D31 D63 J28 J62
    Date: 2023–07
  2. By: Deniz Karaoglan (Department of Economics, Gebze Technical University); Serap Sagir (Department of Economics, Middle East Technical University); Meltem Dayioglu (Department of Economics, Middle East Technical University); Durdane Sirin Saracoglu (Department of Economics, Middle East Technical University)
    Abstract: In this paper we investigate the relationship between mother’s education level and the development of young children in Turkey using representative microdata from the 2018 Turkey Demographic and Health Survey (TDHS). The data include detailed information about the developmental status of young children of 36-to-59 months old. We find that only when the mother has at least a high school level education, there is a positive impact on the child’s developmental status as summarized the Early Childhood Development (ECD) index, which is an index constructed based on the child’s four developmental domains. We also show that the household’s wealth is also positively associated with the child’s developmental status, particularly in the socio-emotional and the learning readiness domains.
    Keywords: Early Childhood Development, Mother’s Education, Socioeconomic Status, Turkey
    JEL: C5 I00 O15
    Date: 2023–07–27
  3. By: Martina Celidoni; Joan Costa-i-Font; Luca Salmasi
    Abstract: Unexpected mobility disruptions during lockdown during the first wave of COVID-19 became ‘tipping points’ with the potential to alter pre-pandemic routines sensitive to socialisation. This paper investigates the impact of lockdown exposure on alcohol consumption. We document two findings using information from the Google Mobility Report and longitudinal data from the Understanding Society in the United Kingdom. First, we find a sharp reduction in both actual mobility and alcohol use (consistent with a “still and dry pandemic for the many” hypothesis). However, we document an increase in alcohol use among heavy drinkers, implying a split behavioural response to COVID-19 mobility restrictions based on alcohol use prior to the pandemic. Second, using the predictions of the prevalence-response elasticity theory, we find that the pandemic’s reduction in social contacts is responsible for a 2.8 percentage point reduction in drinking among men.
    Keywords: health behaviours, lockdown, mobility restrictions, alcohol use, routines, mobility, difference in differences, COVID-19
    JEL: I13 I18
    Date: 2023

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