nep-ltv New Economics Papers
on Unemployment, Inequality and Poverty
Issue of 2022‒01‒31
two papers chosen by
Maximo Rossi
Universidad de la República

  1. The Gender Application Gap: Do Men and Women Apply for the Same Jobs? By Fluchtmann, Jonas; Glenny, Anita Marie; Harmon, Nikolaj; Maibom, Jonas
  2. Are Student-Athletes Exploited? By Heckman, James J.; Loughlin, Colleen P.

  1. By: Fluchtmann, Jonas (Aarhus University); Glenny, Anita Marie (Ministry of Employment, Denmark); Harmon, Nikolaj (University of Copenhagen); Maibom, Jonas (Aarhus University)
    Abstract: Men and women tend to hold different jobs. Are these differences present already in the types of jobs men and women apply for? Using administrative data on job applications made by the universe of Danish UI recipients, we provide evidence on gender differences in applied-for jobs for the broader labor market. Across a range of job characteristics, we find large gender gaps in the share of applications going to different types of jobs even among observationally similar men and women. In a standard decomposition, gender differences in applications can explain more than 70 percent of the residual gender wage gap.
    Keywords: job search, wage decomposition, firm wage premium, gender earnings gap
    JEL: E24 J29 J31 J71
    Date: 2021–12
  2. By: Heckman, James J. (University of Chicago); Loughlin, Colleen P. (Compass Lexecon)
    Abstract: The Supreme Court decision NCAA vs Alston (June 2021) heightened interest in the benefits and costs of participating in sports for student-athletes. Anecdotal evidence about the exploitation of student-athletes was cited in the opinion and the media. Using panel data, we follow two different cohorts of students from high school through college and beyond. We examine the accuracy of the anecdotes as descriptions of the actual experiences of student-athletes. We show that, on average, student-athletes either out-perform or perform the same as observationally identical non-athletes in terms of graduation and post-collegiate salaries. Participation in athletics promotes social mobility.
    Keywords: social mobility, sports economics, exploitation
    JEL: Z2 Z22 I31
    Date: 2021–11

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