nep-ltv New Economics Papers
on Unemployment, Inequality and Poverty
Issue of 2020‒03‒30
three papers chosen by
Maximo Rossi
Universidad de la República

  1. Early Childhood Education and Life-cycle Health By Jorge Luis Garcia; James J. Heckman
  2. Intergenerational Occupational Mobility in Latin American Economies: An Empirical Approach By Doruk, Ömer Tuğsal; Pastore, Francesco; Yavuz, Hasan Bilgehan
  3. Satisfaction with Life, Happiness, and Inequality – a Pseudo-Panel Study By Jensen, Søren; Pedersen, Peder J.

  1. By: Jorge Luis Garcia (Clemson University); James J. Heckman (The University of Chicago)
    Abstract: This paper forecasts the life-cycle treatment effects on health of a high-quality early childhood program. Our predictions combine microsimulation using non-experimental data with experimental data from a midlife long-term follow-up. The follow-up incorporated a full epidemiological exam. The program mainly benefits males and significantly reduces the prevalence of heart disease, stroke, cancer, and mortality across the life-cycle. For men, we estimate an average reduction of 3.8 disability-adjusted years (DALYs). The reduction in DALYs is relatively small for women. The gain in quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) is almost enough to offset all of the costs associated with program implementation for males and half of program costs for women.
    Keywords: early childhood education, life-cycle health, long-term forecasts, program evaluation, randomized trials
    JEL: I10 J13 I28 C93
    Date: 2020–03
  2. By: Doruk, Ömer Tuğsal; Pastore, Francesco; Yavuz, Hasan Bilgehan
    Abstract: Identifying the determinants of intergenerational mobility is an important aim in the development literature. In this article, intergenerational transmission is examined for 6 neglected Latin American Economies (Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico, Panama and Puerto Rico). We use a multinomial logit model of the determinants of choosing a white-collar job for a child of a father working in farming as compared to a child whose father had a blue- or a white-collar job. Our findings show that, in the studied countries, intergenerational occupation transmission is mainly linked to low skilled jobs. Our analysis confirms the low degree of social mobility typical of Latin America, contributing, in turn, to explain their low growth rate. Our findings help identifying specific target groups - talented young women coming from the agricultural sector - to develop in them soft skills while at primary or low secondary school and work-related skills while at the high secondary school or at the university.
    Keywords: Intergenerational occupational mobility,Intergenerational mobility,Latin American countries
    JEL: D60 I30 J24 J6 J62
    Date: 2020
  3. By: Jensen, Søren (VIVE - The Danish Centre for Applied Social Science); Pedersen, Peder J. (Aarhus University)
    Abstract: The hypothesis tested in this paper is whether the increasing inequality in recent years has had a significant impact on well-being among the population in Denmark. After a survey of the literature we use attitude variables from the European Social Survey in a pseudo-panel setting covering the years 2002 – 2014. We cover respondents from Denmark and supplement the survey data with variables from administrative registers. We find a significant effect from the increasing Gini coefficient since 2002.
    Keywords: pseudo-panel, well-being, inequality
    JEL: D31 H53 I31
    Date: 2020–02

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