nep-ltv New Economics Papers
on Unemployment, Inequality and Poverty
Issue of 2016‒03‒06
four papers chosen by
Maximo Rossi
Universidad de la República

  1. Early maternal employment and non-cognitive outcomes in early childhood and adolescence: evidence from British birth cohort data By Warn N. Lekfuangfu; Nattavudh Powdthavee; Andrew E. Clark; George Ward
  2. Top Incomes, Rising Inequality, and Welfare By Kevin J. Lansing; Agnieszka Markiewicz
  3. Import competition and the great U.S. employment sag of the 2000s By Daron Acemoglu; David Autor; David Dorn; Gordon H. Hanson; Brendan Price
  4. Tackling social exclusion: evidence from Chile By Pedro Carneiro; Emanuela Galasso; Rita Ginja

  1. By: Warn N. Lekfuangfu; Nattavudh Powdthavee; Andrew E. Clark; George Ward
    Abstract: We analyse the relationship between early maternal employment and child emotional and behavioural outcomes in early childhood and adolescence. Using rich data from a cohort of children born in the UK in the early 1990s, we find little evidence of a strong statistical relationship between early maternal employment and any of the emotional outcomes. However, there is some evidence that children whose mother is in full-time employment at the 18th month have worse behavioural outcomes at ages 4, 7, and 12.We suggest that these largely insignificant results may in part be explained by mothers who return tofull-time work earlier being able to compensate their children: we highlight the role of fathers’ time investment and alternative childcare arrangements in this respect.
    Keywords: child outcomes; maternal employment; well-being; conduct; ALSPAC
    JEL: D1 I1 J6
    Date: 2015–10
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ehl:lserod:64990&r=ltv
  2. By: Kevin J. Lansing (Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, and Norges Bank); Agnieszka Markiewicz (Erasmus University Rotterdam)
    Abstract: This paper develops a general-equilibrium model of skill-biased technological change that approximates the observed shifts in the shares of wage and non-wage income going to the top decile of U.S. households since 1980. Under realistic assumptions, we find that all agents can benefit from the technology change, provided that the observed rise in redistributive transfers over this period is taken into account. We show that the increase in capital’s share of total income and the presence of capital-entrepreneurial skill complementarity are two key features that help support the wages of ordinary workers as the new technology diffuses.
    Keywords: Income Inequality, Skill-biased Technological Change, Capital-skill
    JEL: E32 E44 H23 O33
    Date: 2012–10–26
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:tin:wpaper:20120114&r=ltv
  3. By: Daron Acemoglu; David Autor; David Dorn; Gordon H. Hanson; Brendan Price
    Abstract: Even before the Great Recession, U.S. employment growth was unimpressive. Between 2000 and 2007, the economy gave back the considerable employment gains achieved during the 1990s, with a historic contraction in manufacturing employment being a prime contributor to the slump. We estimate that import competition from China, which surged after 2000, was a major force behind both recent reductions in U.S. manufacturing employment and—through input-output linkages and other general equilibrium channels—weak overall U.S. job growth. Our central estimates suggest job losses from rising Chinese import competition over 1999 through 2011 in the range of 2.0 to 2.4 million.
    Keywords: Trade flows, labor demand
    JEL: F16 J23
    Date: 2015–09
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:zur:uceswp:013&r=ltv
  4. By: Pedro Carneiro (Institute for Fiscal Studies and University College London); Emanuela Galasso (Institute for Fiscal Studies); Rita Ginja (Institute for Fiscal Studies and University of Uppsala)
    Abstract: We study an innovative welfare program in Chile which combines a period of frequent home visits to households in extreme poverty, with guaranteed access to social services. Program impacts are identified using a regression discontinuity design, exploring the fact that programme eligibility is a discontinuous function of an index of family income and assets. We find strong and lasting impacts of the program on the take up of subsidies and employment services. These impacts are important only for families who had little access to the welfare system prior to the intervention.
    Date: 2014–05
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ifs:cemmap:24/14&r=ltv

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