nep-ltv New Economics Papers
on Unemployment, Inequality and Poverty
Issue of 2014‒09‒29
two papers chosen by
Maximo Rossi
Universidad de la República

  1. How do Cultural Activities Influence Happiness? The Relation Between Self-Reported Well-Being and Leisure By Victoria Ateca-Amestoy; Mariana Gerstenblüth; Irene Mussio; Máximo Rossi
  2. Deadbeat Dads By Andrew Beauchamp; Geoffrey Sanzenbacher; Shannon Seitz; Meghan Skira

  1. By: Victoria Ateca-Amestoy (Universidad del País Vasco); Mariana Gerstenblüth (Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República); Irene Mussio (Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República); Máximo Rossi (Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)
    Abstract: Well-being, measured as self-reported happiness has many determinants, which range from gender to income and political affiliation. When it comes to more or less active ways of participating in cultural activities, leisure has a significant impact in the levels of reported happiness, which is in line with the proposed ideas of Stiglitz et al (2009). We also quantify the likelihood of being more or less happy in relation to different types of leisure activities. Our approach has the advantage that all these cultural activities can be considered at the same time, accounting for the individual impact of each on individual happiness levels.
    Keywords: happiness, leisure, culture, well-being
    JEL: Z1 Z10 Z13
    Date: 2014–08
  2. By: Andrew Beauchamp (Boston College); Geoffrey Sanzenbacher (Boston College); Shannon Seitz (Analysis Group); Meghan Skira (University of Georgia)
    Abstract: Why do some men father children outside of marriage but not provide support? Why are some single women willing to have children outside of marriage when they receive little or no support from unmarried fathers? Why is this behavior especially common among blacks? To shed light on these questions, we develop and estimate a dynamic equilibrium model of marriage, employment, fertility, and child support. We consider the extent to which low earnings and a shortage of single men relative to single women among blacks can explain the prevalence of deadbeat dads and non-marital childbearing. We estimate the model by indirect inference using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979. We simulate three distinct counterfactual policy environments: perfect child support enforcement, eliminating the black-white earnings gap, and equalizing black-white population supplies (and therefore gender ratios). We nd perfect enforcement reduces non-marital childbearing dramatically, particularly among blacks; over time it translates into many fewer couples living with children from past relationships, and therefore less deadbeat fatherhood. Eliminating the black-white earnings gap reduces the marriage rate dierence between blacks and whites by 29 to 43 percent; black child poverty rates fall by nearly 40 percent. Finally equalizing gender ratios has little effect on racial differences in marriage and fertility.
    Keywords: Marriage, divorce, fertility, single motherhood, non-marital childbearing, employment, dynamic discrete choice, indirect inference
    JEL: C51 C61 D12 D13 J12 J13 J22
    Date: 2014–07–22

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