nep-ltv New Economics Papers
on Unemployment, Inequality and Poverty
Issue of 2008‒06‒13
two papers chosen by
Maximo Rossi
University of the Republic

  1. Why Does Unemployment Hurt the Employed? : Evidence from the Life Satisfaction Gap between the Public and Private Sectors By Simon Luechinger; Stephan Meier; Alois Stutzer
  2. Schools, Skills, and Synapses By James J. Heckman

  1. By: Simon Luechinger; Stephan Meier; Alois Stutzer
    Abstract: High rates of unemployment entail substantial costs to the working population in terms of reduced subjective well-being. This paper studies the importance of individual economic security, in particular, job security, in workers' well-being by exploiting sector-specific institutional differences in the exposure to economic shocks. Public servants have stricter dismissal protection and face a lower risk of their organization's bankruptcy than do private sector employees. The empirical results for individual panel data for Germany and repeated cross-sectional data for the United States and the European Union show that the sensitivity of subjective well-being to fluctuations in unemployment rates is much lower in the public sector than in the private. This suggests that increased economic insecurity constitutes an important welfare loss associated with high general unemployment.
    Keywords: Unemployment, life satisfaction, job security, public sector
    JEL: E24 I31 J30 J45 J64
    Date: 2008
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:diw:diwsop:diw_sp106&r=ltv
  2. By: James J. Heckman
    Abstract: This paper discusses (a) the role of cognitive and noncognitive ability in shaping adult outcomes, (b) the early emergence of differentials in abilities between children of advantaged families and children of disadvantaged families, (c) the role of families in creating these abilities, (d) adverse trends in American families, and (e) the effectiveness of early interventions in offsetting these trends. Practical issues in the design and implementation of early childhood programs are discussed.
    JEL: A12
    Date: 2008–06
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:nbr:nberwo:14064&r=ltv

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