nep-ltv New Economics Papers
on Unemployment, Inequality and Poverty
Issue of 2007‒07‒27
two papers chosen by
Maximo Rossi
University of the Republic

  1. Earnings Prospects for People with Migration Background in Germany By Aldashev, Alisher; Gernandt, Johannes; Thomsen, Stephan L.
  2. Explaining Women’s Success: Technological Change and the Skill Content of Women’s Work By Black, Sandra E.; Spitz-Oener, Alexandra

  1. By: Aldashev, Alisher; Gernandt, Johannes; Thomsen, Stephan L.
    Abstract: Less than half of the people with migration background living in Germany possess foreign citizenship. Hence, using citizenship to analyze economic issues of immigration may be problematic for two reasons. On the one hand, a quite substantial share of persons with migration background is neglected in the group of interest, and, on the other hand, the reference group (native Germans) may be contaminated by effects from naturalized immigrants. This paper utilizes a wider definition covering all persons with migration background to analyze the earnings prospects. To shed light on differences to the common use of citizenship, estimates are presented in comparison to foreigner and German citizens. The results show that persons with migration background have similar earnings prospects to foreigners. Moreover, earnings prospects for native Germans do not differ much from those of German citizenship. Therefore, using citizenship to approximate natives and non- natives when analyzing earnings issues seems to be reasonable. A second question of the paper is whether degrees obtained in Germany lead to better earnings prospects compared to degrees obtained abroad for persons with migration background. Independently of gender and skill level, the estimates affirm higher earnings to educational attainment in Germany.
    Keywords: Migration background, earnings prospects, education, Germany
    JEL: I12 J15 J61
    Date: 2007
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:zbw:zewdip:5690&r=ltv
  2. By: Black, Sandra E.; Spitz-Oener, Alexandra
    Abstract: The closing of the gender wage gap is an ongoing phenomenon in industrialized countries. However, research has been limited in its ability to understand the causes of these changes, due in part to an inability to directly compare the work of women to that of men. In this study, we use a new approach for analyzing changes in the gender pay gap that uses direct measures of job tasks and gives a comprehensive characterization of how work for men and women has changed in recent decades. Using data from West Germany, we find that women have witnessed relative increases in nonroutine analytic tasks and non-routine interactive tasks, which are associated with higher skill levels. The most notable difference between the genders is, however, the pronounced relative decline in routine task inputs among women with little change for men. These relative task changes explain a substantial fraction of the closing of the gender wage gap. Our evidence suggests that these task changes are driven, at least in part, by technological change. We also show that these task changes are related to the recent polarization of employment between low and high skilled occupations that we observed in the 1990s.
    Date: 2007
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:zbw:zewdip:5692&r=ltv

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