nep-ltv New Economics Papers
on Unemployment, Inequality and Poverty
Issue of 2007‒01‒14
four papers chosen by
Maximo Rossi
Universidad de la Republica

  1. Returns to Education and Human Capital Depreciation in Spain. By Ines P. Murillo
  2. Inequality and Poverty in Greece After the Access in EMU By Dimitra Aggelopoulou; Stavros Zografakis; Panayiotis Sypsas
  3. The Evolution of Male-Female Wages Differentials in Canadian Universities: 1970-2001 By Casey Warman; Frances Woolley; Christopher Worswick
  4. The influence of work time adjustment on joint activities and the demand for child care By Van Klaveren, Chris; Maassen van den Brink, Henriette; Van Praag, Bernard

  1. By: Ines P. Murillo
    Abstract: The main objective of the present paper is to analise the differences in returns to education and rates of human capital depreciation between regions in Spain, during the period 1995-2002. To this end, the theoretical framework proposed by Raymond & Roig (2004) is used to incorporate the depreciation of human capital into the analysis of the private returns on education. Aditionally, the distinction between the two sources of human capital depreciation is approached by means of an estimation by sector –Neuman & Weiss (1995)- and an estimation by occupation.
    Date: 2006–08
  2. By: Dimitra Aggelopoulou; Stavros Zografakis; Panayiotis Sypsas
    Abstract: The present work is trying to estimate inequality and poverty in Greece after the access in EMU. The data used in this study came from the last Household Budget Survey (HBS) of the entire population of Greece conducted from February 2004 to January 2005 by the National Statistical Service of Greece (NSSG). For the purpose of this study, we used data on both consumption expenditure and household income. Consumption expenditure was defined as including the value of goods and services purchased plus imputed consumption expenditure (consumption of own production, income in kind, imputed rent, etc.). These expenditures were also added to the current income of households. Inequality and poverty in Greece is measured and decomposed to explore the association with particular characteristics of the household or the household head. These characteristics are residence in rural areas, large household size, low educational level, old age of the household head, households headed by farmers and retired persons. We explore the characteristics of the households which are close to the boundary line of poverty. In regard of the common methodological issues, we chose the individual as the unit of analysis of inequality and the distribution data were equivalised to make allowances for economies of scale and differences in needs between adults and minors (known as “family equivalence scalesâ€).
    Date: 2006–08
  3. By: Casey Warman (Queen's University, Department of Economics, Statistics Canada); Frances Woolley (Carleton University, Department of Economics); Christopher Worswick (Carleton University, Department of Economics)
    Abstract: In this paper, we use a unique data set containing detailed information on all full-time teachers at Canadian universities over the period 1970 through 2001. The individual level data are collected by Statistics Canada from all universities in Canada and are used to analyze the evolution of male-female wage differentials of professors in Canadian universities. The long time series aspect of this data source along with the detailed administrative information allow us to provide a more complete and more accurate portrait of the wage gap than is available in most other studies. The results of a cohort-based analysis indicate that the male salary advantage among university faculty has declined for more recent birth cohorts. This has been driven not so much by an increase in the real salaries of female professors but from a cross cohort decline in the earnings of male professors and the fact that female professors have not experienced a similar cross cohort decline. Also important to note is the fact that the differences across cohorts appear to be permanent. There is no clear pattern of changes in these cohort differences with age.
    Keywords: gender, earnings, Canada, professors, faculty
    JEL: J16 J31 J71
    Date: 2006–11
  4. By: Van Klaveren, Chris; Maassen van den Brink, Henriette; Van Praag, Bernard
    Abstract: In this paper we examine if partners in households coordinate their working times. Also we examine how this coordination influences the (in)formal demand for child care and the time spent on joint activities. The activities that we distinguish are the time that partners spent together, spent jointly on household tasks and spent jointly on child care. We find that partners de-synchronize their work times when there are children present in the household while they synchronize their work times when there are no children present in the household. Households where women are higher educated tend to synchronize there work times. Partners who synchronize their work times spent more joint hours on household tasks. Partners who de-synchronize their work times less spent more time together. We do not find a relation between work timing and the time that parents spent together caring for their children. The demand for (in)formal child care is affected by the coordination of work schedules by partners. Partners who de-synchronize their work times more, demand less (in)formal child care. Moreover, active work time desynchronization and the demand for child care appear to be substitutes.
    Keywords: Time Allocation; Work Timing; Work Hours; Leisure Time
    JEL: D13 J22
    Date: 2006–12

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