New Economics Papers
on Unemployment, Inequality and Poverty
Issue of 2006‒12‒04
two papers chosen by

  1. Occupational Segregation and the Tipping Phenomenon: The Contrary Case of Court Reporting in the United States By Joyce P. Jacobsen
  2. Parental impact on attitude formation: A siblings study on worries about immigration By Brenner, Jan

  1. By: Joyce P. Jacobsen (Economics Department, Wesleyan University)
    Abstract: The “tipping” phenomenon, whereby an occupation switches from dominance by one demographic group to dominance by another, has occurred in various occupations. Multiple causes have been suggested for such switches, including several related to technological change, both through effects on the performance of the work and through the effect of changing demand for different occupations. The court reporting occupation provides a novel setting for testing the relevance of various proposed causes for the increased feminization of many occupations. In this case, many of the general correlates, including declining wages, are not found; rather the phenomenon is related to the earlier feminization of the clerical workforce and the increased identification of court reporting with clerical work.
    Keywords: occupational segregation, court reporting, gender wage differentials
    Date: 2005–08
  2. By: Brenner, Jan
    Abstract: Abstract. A persistent challenge of analyzing subjective survey data is the presence of unobservable factors. The received literature on attitudes towards immigration, which continues to gain growing interest in economic research, so far has not taken account of the potential effect of unobservable home education on attitude formation. Home education hereby shall refer to factors such as parents’ knowledge, their morals, and their weltanschauung transmitted onto the next generation. Utilizing siblings data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP) we analyze the determinants of worries about immigration controlling for unobserved family specific effects. Our results suggest that benchmark models used in the literature yield inconsistent estimates of the main determinants of attitudes towards immigration.
    Keywords: Subjective Data; Siblings Data; Unobserved Effects; Minorities
    JEL: F22 J15
    Date: 2006–09

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