nep-ltv New Economics Papers
on Unemployment, Inequality and Poverty
Issue of 2005‒12‒01
six papers chosen by
Maximo Rossi
Universidad de la República

  1. You Cant Always Get What You Want: the Impact of the Jobseekers Allowance By Alan Manning
  2. The Gender Gap in Early Career Wage Growth By Alan Manning; Joanna Swaffield
  3. Childhood Family Structure and Schooling Outcomes: Evidence for Germany By Marco Francesconi; Stephen P. Jenkins; Thomas Siedler
  4. Income Redistribution and Disability Insurance By Juan Carlos Hatchondo; Hugo Hopenhayn
  5. Cultural Biases in Economic Exchange By Luigi Guiso; Paola Sapienza
  6. Health and Heterogeneity By Victor Rios-Rull; Josep Pijoan-Mas

  1. By: Alan Manning
    Abstract: In 1996 the UK made major changes to its welfare system for the support of the unemployedwith the introduction of the Jobseeker's Allowance. This tightened the work searchrequirements needed for eligibility for benefit. It resulted in large flows out of claimantstatus, but, this paper concludes, not into employment. The movement out of claimant statuswas largest for those with low levels of search activity. But, this paper finds no evidence ofincreased job search activity as a result of this change.
    Keywords: Unemployment Insurance, Job Search, Labour Supply
    JEL: J64
    Date: 2005–07
  2. By: Alan Manning; Joanna Swaffield
    Abstract: In the UK the gender pay gap on entry to the labour market is approximately zero but afterten years after labour market entry, there is a gender wage gap of almost 25 log points. Thispaper explores the reason for this gender gap in early-career wage growth, considering threemain hypotheses - human capital, job-shopping and 'psychological' theories. Human capitalfactors can explain about 12 log points, job-shopping about 1.5 log points and thepsychological theories about half a log point. But a substantial unexplained gap remains:women who have continuous full-time employment, have had no children and express nodesire to have them earn about 12 log points less than equivalent men after 10 years in thelabour market.
    Keywords: Gender Pay Gap, Wage Growth
    JEL: J24 J31 J7
    Date: 2005–07
  3. By: Marco Francesconi (University of Essex and IZA Bonn); Stephen P. Jenkins (ISER, University of Essex, DIW Berlin and IZA Bonn); Thomas Siedler (ISER, University of Essex, DIW Berlin and IZA Bonn)
    Abstract: We analyze the impact on schooling outcomes of growing up in a family headed by a single mother. Growing up in a non-intact family in Germany is associated with worse outcomes in models that do not control for possible correlations between common unobserved determinants of family structure and educational performance. But once endogeneity is accounted for, whether by using sibling-difference estimators or two types of instrumental variable estimator, the evidence that family structure affects schooling outcomes is much less conclusive. Although almost all the point estimates indicate that non-intactness has an adverse effect on schooling outcomes, confidence intervals are large and span zero.
    Keywords: childhood family structure, lone parenthood, educational success, sibling differences, instrumental variables, treatment effects
    JEL: C23 D13 I21 J12 J13
    Date: 2005–11
  4. By: Juan Carlos Hatchondo; Hugo Hopenhayn
    Keywords: Social insurance
    JEL: H21 H31 I38
    Date: 2005
  5. By: Luigi Guiso (Graduate School of Business University of Chicago); Paola Sapienza
    Keywords: Culture, Exchange, Trust, Priors
    JEL: D84 F10
    Date: 2005
  6. By: Victor Rios-Rull; Josep Pijoan-Mas
    Keywords: Heterogeneity, Health Status, Health Related Behavior, Human Capital
    JEL: I12 D31
    Date: 2005

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