nep-ltv New Economics Papers
on Unemployment, Inequality and Poverty
Issue of 2005‒11‒09
two papers chosen by
Maximo Rossi
Universidad de la República

  1. Decomposition of gender wage differentials among Portuguese top management jobs By Raquel Vale Mendes
  2. Integration and Labour Markets in European Border regions By Annekatrin Niebuhr; Silvia Stiller

  1. By: Raquel Vale Mendes
    Abstract: This paper studies gender wage differentials among top managers in the Portuguese economy. The objective is to investigate whether men and women within the same occupational group, with relatively high levels of human capital, and who are evaluated basically on their performance, are treated unequally in relation to pay. The Oaxaca wage differential decomposition method is used, relying on 1999 micro data gathered by the Portuguese Ministry of Social Security and Employment. The main findings indicate that a substantial portion of the wage gap between male and female top managers in Portugal is explained by wage discrimination.
    Date: 2004–08
  2. By: Annekatrin Niebuhr; Silvia Stiller
    Abstract: Border regions are likely to play a critical role within the special dynamics initiated by the enlargement of the EU. This paper deals with the effects of integration on labour market conditions in border regions. Within the framework of different theoretical approaches the effects of integration on location conditions and labour markets in border regions are analysed. Furthermore, we investigate empirically the degree of labour market integration in European border regions. Measures of spatial association are applied as indicators for the intensity of integration among neighbouring labour markets. The results of an analysis of per capita income and unemployment for the period 1995 to 2000 point at a measurable spatial segmentation of labour markets even among highly integrated EU15 countries. On average, border regions in the EU are characterised by lower degree of labour market integration than non-border areas due to significant border impediments that hamper equilibrating forces between labour markets on both sides of national frontiers. JEL classification: F22, J61, R23 Keywords: European Integration, Labour Market Disparities, Border Regions, Spatial Dependence
    Date: 2004–08

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