nep-ltv New Economics Papers
on Unemployment, Inequality and Poverty
Issue of 2005‒07‒11
three papers chosen by
Maximo Rossi
Universidad de la República

  2. HEALTH, NUTRITION, HUMAN CAPITAL AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN COLOMBIA 1995-2000 By Carmen Elisa Flórez; Rocio Ribero; Belen Samper
  3. European and National Identities in EU's Old and New Member States: Ethnic, Civic, Instrumental and Symbolic Components By Ruiz Jiménez, Antonia M.; Górniak, Jaroslaw Jósef; Kosic, Ankica; Kiss, Paszkal; Kandulla, Maren

  1. By: Robio Ribero; Daniela Del Boca
    Abstract: Divorce negatively impacts children´s welfare as a consequence of the reduction in monetary and time contributions of the non-custodial parent. In our framework parents constitute a bilateral exchange economy where the mother is endowed with control over visitations and the father has control over financial resources. Our results indicate that an endowment of equal time for both parents, reducing the time under the mother´s control implies a reduction in the child support transfers from the father, and, therefore, a loss in the mother´s consumption levels. A more equally shared time with the children increases the father´s direct expenditures to the child, allowing the mother to spend less on child goods and partially compensating her consumption loss.
    Keywords: Divorce
    JEL: D1
    Date: 2003–08–31
  2. By: Carmen Elisa Flórez; Rocio Ribero; Belen Samper
    Abstract: Although most of the literature on economic growth has focused on studying the impact of economic growth on health status of the population, research in the last decades has given greater importance to the analysis of the impact of nutrition and health on human capital accumulation, economic growth and social development. For the specific case of Colombia, very few studies have analyzed, at the individual level, the impact of health status on labor productivity. This study expands our knowledge on the impact of health on human capital accumulation and long term economic growth. Using empirical evidence from the DHS of 1995 and 2000, it examines the relationships between health status, education and labor productivity, and it analyzes the likely impact of nutrition and health status on human capital accumulation. In addition it shows evidence of the intergenerational transmission of good nutritional status in 1995 and 2000 in Colombia.
    Keywords: Human capital
    JEL: J1
    Date: 2003–11–15
  3. By: Ruiz Jiménez, Antonia M.; Górniak, Jaroslaw Jósef; Kosic, Ankica; Kiss, Paszkal; Kandulla, Maren
    Abstract: In this paper we empirically test three of the most significant theories about the emergence of a European identity. The three approaches considered here are, respectively: first, a "cultural" theory, which understands identities as being based on ethno-cultural factors generated through a long-term (historical) process; second, an "instrumental" theory, which conceives of identities as being based on self-interested calculation (whether economic or political); and a third "civic" theory, which understands identities as being based on agreement over rules for peaceful political co-existence. Our empirical test of these theories exploits Eurobarometer data. In recent years, many researchers have become increasingly dissatisfied with the way these surveys poll attitudes towards the EU. We have contributed to this debate by designing special new questions to measure national and European identities which were included in Eurobarometer 57.2 and are used here for this analysis. Our results provide only partial support for the theories mentioned above. We find that national and European identities are compatible. This is, in part, because while national identities are largely "cultural", European identities are primarily "instrumental". However, we also find that there is a sufficient European common "cultural" ground for a European identity to emerge. We have also confirmed that, because national and European identities are different, the development of a European identity does not necessarily imply the transfer of loyalties from the national to the supranational level. In all the countries analysed here, attachment to the nation remains strong, and certainly greater than attachment to Europe. We also show that it is harder for a European identity to develop in countries with a strong sense of national pride.
    Keywords: European identity; nationality; public opinion; Austria; Germany; Greece; Hungary; Italy; Czech Republic; Poland; Spain; U.K.; political science; sociology
    Date: 2004–07–29

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