nep-lma New Economics Papers
on Labor Markets - Supply, Demand, and Wages
Issue of 2013‒05‒24
six papers chosen by
Erik Jonasson
National Institute of Economic Research

  1. Decomposing immigrant wage assimilation - the role of workplaces and occupations By Eliasson, Tove
  2. Does it matter where you work? : employer characteristics and the wage growth of low-wage workers and higher-wage workers By Stephani, Jens
  3. The Urban Wage Growth Premium: Sorting or Learning? By Sabine D'Costa; Henry G. Overman
  4. Is the persistent gender gap in income and wages due to unequal family responsibilities? By Angelov, Nikolay; Johansson, Per; Lindahl, Erica
  5. Wage Effects of Unionization and Occupational Licensing Coverage in the United States By Maury Gittleman; Morris M. Kleiner
  6. Microanalysis of retirement behavior in the Russian Federation By Iuliia Sonina

  1. By: Eliasson, Tove (Uppsala Center for Labor Studies)
    Abstract: This article uses a matched employer-employee panel data of the Swedish labor market to study immigrant wage assimilation, decomposing the wage catch-up into parts which can be attributed to relative wage growth within and between workplaces and occupations. This study shows that failing to control for selection into employment when studying wage assimilation of immigrants is very likely to under-estimate wage catch-up. The results further show that both poorly and highly educated immigrants catch up through relative wage growth within workplaces and occupations, suggesting that employer-specific learning plays an important role for the wage catch-up. The highly educated suffers from not beneting from occupational mobility as much as the natives do. This could be interpreted as a lack of access to the full range of occupations, possibly explained by diffculties in signaling specific skills.
    Keywords: Firm sorting; occupational mobility; wage assimilation; host country specific human capital; employer learning
    JEL: D22 D31 J31 J71
    Date: 2013–03–14
  2. By: Stephani, Jens (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany])
    Abstract: "Using rich German linked employer-employee data and endogenous switching regression models, I show that large firms and firms with a high export share or a low proportion of fixed-term workers provide higher wage growth for low-wage workers. While having many low-paid co-workers dampens the wage growth of both low-wage workers and higher-wage workers, there are also employers who provide higher wage growth only for higher-wage workers. The results indicate a certain degree of labour market segmentation that is a) important for the wage mobility of individual workers and b) relevant in the context of polarisation and rising wage inequality." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))
    JEL: J30 J60
    Date: 2013–05–13
  3. By: Sabine D'Costa; Henry G. Overman
    Abstract: This paper is concerned with the urban wage premium and addresses two central issues about which the field has not yet reached a consensus. First, the extent to which sorting of high ability individuals into urban areas explains the urban wage premium. Second, whether workers receive this wage premium immediately, or through faster wage growth over time. Using a large panel of worker-level data from Britain, we first demonstrate the existence of an urban premium for wage levels, which increases in city size. We next provide evidence of a city size premium on wage growth, but show that this effect is driven purely by the increase in wage that occurs in the first year that a worker moves to a larger location. Controlling for sorting on the basis of unobservables we find no evidence of an urban wage growth premium. Experience in cities does have some impact on wage growth, however. Specifically, we show that workers who have at some point worked in a city experience faster wage growth than those who have never worked in a city.
    Keywords: urban wage premium, agglomeration, cities, wage growth, worker mobility
    JEL: R23 J31
    Date: 2013–05
  4. By: Angelov, Nikolay (Uppsala Center for Labor Studies); Johansson, Per (Uppsala Center for Labor Studies); Lindahl, Erica (IFAU)
    Abstract: We compare the income and wage trajectories of women in rela- tion to their male partners before and after parenthood. Focusing on the within-couple gap allows us to control for both observed and unobserved attributes of the spouse and to estimate both short- and long-term eects of entering parenthood. Our main nding is that 15 years after the rst child was born, the male-female gender gaps in income and wages have increased with 35 and 10 percentage points, respectively. In line with a collective labor supply model, the mag- nitude of these eects depends on relative incomes or wages within the family.
    Keywords: Gender gap; Quantile regression; Income; Wages
    JEL: C21 D13 J21
    Date: 2013–02–14
  5. By: Maury Gittleman; Morris M. Kleiner
    Abstract: Recent estimates in standard models of wage determination for both unionization and occupational licensing have shown wage effects that are similar across the two institutions. These cross-sectional estimates use specialized data sets, with small sample sizes, for the period 2006 through 2008. Our analysis examines the impact of unions and licensing coverage on wage determination using new data collected on licensing statutes that are then linked to longitudinal data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY79) from 1979 to 2010. We develop several approaches, using both cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses, to measure the impact of these two labor market institutions on wage determination. Our estimates of the economic returns to union coverage are greater than those for licensing requirements.
    JEL: J18 J24 J44 J5 J51 J82 J88 K2 K31 L43 L5 L51 L98
    Date: 2013–05
  6. By: Iuliia Sonina (UP1 UFR02 - Université Paris 1, Panthéon-Sorbonne - UFR d'Économie - Université Paris I - Panthéon-Sorbonne - PRES HESAM)
    Abstract: This paper presents the results of econometric analysis of retirement behavior of Russian pensioners. The aim of the investigation is determination of those factors that affect the retirement decision of men and women in Russia. Their understanding can be helpful for pension reform realization. This analysis is performed on the basis of data from the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey. The data are taken from the 15th to 19th waves of survey that correspond to 2005-2010 period of time. First of all this paper gives a survey of retirement literature, then describes the pension system in the Russian federation and particularities of retirement behaviour of Russian pensioners, after that it presents basic hypothesis of the analysis and, finally, concludes with econometric results and their interpretation.
    Keywords: retraite, Russie, comportements
    Date: 2012

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