nep-lma New Economics Papers
on Labor Markets - Supply, Demand, and Wages
Issue of 2013‒01‒07
twenty papers chosen by
Erik Jonasson
Lund University

  1. The Growth of Low Skill Service Jobs and the Polarization of the U.S. Labor Market By Autor, David; Dorn, David
  2. The Returns to Language Skills in the US Labor Market By Isphording, Ingo; Sinning, Mathias
  3. Turning the Switch: An Evaluation of the Minimum Wage in the German Electrical Trade Using Repeated Natural Experiments By Bernhard Boockmann; Raimund Krumm; Michael Neumann; Pia Rattenhuber
  4. Gender Wage Gaps across Skills and Trade Openness By Sarra Ben Yahmed
  5. Agglomeration and job matching among college graduates By Jaison R. Abel; Richard Deitz
  6. Base Salaries, Bonus Payments, and Work Absence among Managers in a German Company By Christian Pfeifer
  7. How Different Are the Wage Curves for Formal and Informal Workers? Evidence from Turkey By Badi H. Baltagi; Yusuf Soner Baskaya; Timur Hulagu
  8. ICT and occupation-based measures of organisational change: Firm and employee outcomes By Böckerman, Petri; Kauhanen, Antti; Maliranta, Mika
  9. Labor Supply Heterogeneity and Demand for Child Care of Mothers with Young Children By Patricia Apps; Jan Kabátek; Ray Rees; Arthur van Soest
  10. Do Interactions between Finance and Labor Market Institutions Affect Wage Distribution ?. By Thibault Darcillon
  11. Household Interaction and the Labor Supply of Married Women By Eckstein, Zvi; Lifshitz, Osnat
  12. Wage Differentials between Immigrants and the Native-Born in Australia By Lixin Cai; Amy Y.C. Liu
  13. Mothers' Labour Market Participation: Do Grandparents Make It Easier? By Arpino, Bruno; Pronzato, Chiara D.; Tavares, Lara P.
  14. The labour market impact of mobility restrictions: Evidence from the West Bank By Massimiliano Calì; Sami H. Miaari
  15. The Role of Short-Time Working Schemes During the Global Financial Crisis and Early Recovery: A Cross-Country Analysis By Alexander Hijzen; Sébastien Martin
  16. Mental Health and Labour Supply: Evidence from Mexico’s Ongoing Violent Conflicts By Maren M. Michaelsen
  17. Management-Employee Relations, Firm Size and Job Satisfaction By Aysit Tansel; Saziye Gazioglu
  18. The Recent Evolution of Retirement Patterns in Canada By Pierre-Carl Michaud; Philip Merrigan; Pierre Lefebvre
  19. Flexicurity and the Economic Crisis 2008-2009: Evidence from Denmark By Tor Eriksson
  20. Workplace size and sickness absence transitions By Lindgren, Karl-Oskar

  1. By: Autor, David (MIT); Dorn, David (CEMFI, Madrid)
    Abstract: We offer an integrated explanation and empirical analysis of the polarization of U.S. employment and wages between 1980 and 2005, and the concurrent growth of low skill service occupations. We attribute polarization to the interaction between consumer preferences, which favor variety over specialization, and the falling cost of automating routine, codifiable job tasks. Applying a spatial equilibrium model, we derive, test, and confirm four implications of this hypothesis. Local labor markets that were specialized in routine activities differentially adopted information technology, reallocated low skill labor into service occupations (employment polarization), experienced earnings growth at the tails of the distribution (wage polarization), and received inflows of skilled labor.
    Keywords: skill demand, job tasks, inequality, polarization, technological change, occupational choice, service occupations
    JEL: E24 J24 J31 J62 O33
    Date: 2012–12
  2. By: Isphording, Ingo (Ruhr University Bochum); Sinning, Mathias (Australian National University)
    Abstract: This paper uses data from the 2010 American Community Survey (ACS) to study the returns to language skills of child and adult migrants in the US labor market. We employ an instrumental variable strategy, which exploits differences in language acquisition profiles between immigrants from English- and non-English-speaking countries of origin, to address problems related to endogeneity and measurement error. We find significantly positive returns to language skills and demonstrate that education is an important channel through which language skills affect wages of child migrants. Although the returns of adult migrants do not depend on education, we find that child and adult migrants exhibit similar returns to language skills.
    Keywords: international migration, language skills, labor productivity
    JEL: F22 J24 J31
    Date: 2012–12
  3. By: Bernhard Boockmann; Raimund Krumm; Michael Neumann; Pia Rattenhuber
    Abstract: The introduction, abolition and subsequent re-introduction of the minimum wage in the German electrical trade gave rise to series of natural experiments, which are used to study minimum wage effects. We find similar impacts in all three cases on wages, employment and the receipt of public welfare benefits. Average wages are raised by the minimum wage in East Germany, but there is almost no evidence for employment effects. The results also show that the wage effect is quickly undone after the abolition of the minimum wage.
    Keywords: Minimum wage, labor market regulation, employment
    JEL: J38 J31
    Date: 2012–12
  4. By: Sarra Ben Yahmed (Aix-Marseille University (Aix-Marseille School of Economics), CNRS & EHESS.)
    Abstract: Several empirical studies have shown that the effect of openness on the gender wage gap depends on the skill requirement of the workplace. This paper offers a theoretical explanation to understand that finding. We integrate a statistical discrimination framework with the labour assignment approach to give general conditions under which the matching between firms and workers gives rise to a wider gender wage gap at the upper tail of the distribution, in accordance with empirical evidence. We further look at the effect of trade openness on the gender wage gap along the entire distribution. Workers’ characteristics vary in two dimensions, skills and job commitment. The inability to observe individual’s job commitment induces employers to base partly their decision on group average. Following the literature on labour and international trade, we assume that skills act as complements to technological upgrading. Exporting firms are more skill-intensive and pay higher wages ; assuming further that worker’s job commitment is a complement to technological upgrading, we find that a reduction in trade costs increases wage inequality within-groups and has non-monotonic effects on between-group inequality. Trade openness reduces the gender wage gap among unskilled workers but increases the gender wage gap among high-skill workers.
    JEL: J24 J7 F16
    Date: 2012–11
  5. By: Jaison R. Abel; Richard Deitz
    Abstract: We study one potential source of urban agglomeration economies: better job matching. Focusing on college graduates, we construct two direct measures of job matching based on how well an individual’s job corresponds to his or her college education. Consistent with matching-based theories of urban agglomeration, we find evidence that larger and thicker local labor markets help college graduates find better jobs by increasing both the likelihood and quality of a match. We then assess the extent to which better job matching of college-educated workers increases individual-level wages and thereby contributes to the urban wage premium. While we find that college graduates with better job matches do indeed earn higher wages on average, the contribution of such job matching to aggregate urban productivity appears to be relatively modest.
    Keywords: Wages ; Productivity ; Employment ; College graduates ; Labor market ; Urban economics
    Date: 2012
  6. By: Christian Pfeifer (Leuphana University Lueneburg, Germany)
    Abstract: Questions about compensation structures and incentive effects of pay-for-performance components are important for firms' Human Resource Management as well as for economics in general and labor economics in particular. This paper provides scarce insider econometric evidence on the structure and the incentive effects of fixed base salaries, paid bonuses, and agreed bonuses under a Management-by-Objectives (MBO) incentive scheme. Six years of personnel data of 177 managers in a German company are analyzed. The main findings are: (1) base salaries increase significantly with age, whereas bonuses decrease with age; (2) larger agreed bonuses are correlated with fewer absent working days.
    Keywords: Absenteeism, Bonus, Effort, Incentives, Insider econometrics, Wages
    JEL: J22 J24 J31 J33 M12 M52
    Date: 2012–12
  7. By: Badi H. Baltagi (Center for Policy Research, Maxwell School, Syracuse University, 426 Eggers Hall, Syracuse, NY 13244-1020); Yusuf Soner Baskaya (Türkiye Cumhuriyet Merkez Bankası); Timur Hulagu (Central Bank of Turkey)
    Abstract: This paper presents wage curves for formal and informal workers using a rich individual level data for Turkey over the period 2005-2009. The wage curve is an empirical regularity describing a negative relationship between regional unemployment rates and individuals' real wages. While this relationship has been well documented for a number of countries including Turkey, less attention has focused on how this relationship differs for informal versus formal employment. This is of utmost importance for less developed countries where informal employment plays a significant role in the economy. Using the Turkish Household Labor Force Survey for the period 2005-2009 observed over 26 NUTS-2 regions, we find that real hourly wages of informal workers in Turkey are more sensitive to variations in regional unemployment rates than wages of formal workers. This is true for all workers as well as for different gender and age groups Key Words: Formal/Informal Employment; Wage Curve; Regional Labor Markets JEL No. C26, J30, J60, O17
    Date: 2012–10
  8. By: Böckerman, Petri; Kauhanen, Antti; Maliranta, Mika
    Abstract: To examine the productivity, employment and wage effects of ICT, we apply novel occupationbased measures of organisational change within firms. With these measures, we directly address the complementarities between ICT and organisational changes. Our results support the view that organisational change complements ICT investments in a productivity-enhancing manner. In particular, the ICT-driven productivity gains are associated with the destruction of routine and noninteractive tasks in an organisation. Furthermore, using longitudinal aspects of our linked employeremployee data, we find that whereas ICT does not affect the probability of an employee becoming unemployed, it has a positive impact on the wage growth of retained employees.
    Keywords: ICT; innovation; organisational change; restructuring; productivity; performance; wages
    JEL: J31 L23 J24 M51
    Date: 2012–12–17
  9. By: Patricia Apps; Jan Kabátek; Ray Rees; Arthur van Soest
    Abstract: This paper introduces a static structural model of hours of market labor supply, time spent on child care and other domestic work, and bought in child care for married or cohabiting mothers with pre-school age children. The father's behavior is taken as given. The main goal is to analyze the sensitivity of hours of market work, parental child care, other household production and formal child care to the wage rate, the price of child care, taxes, benefits and child care subsidies. To account for the non-convex nature of the budget sets and, possibly, the household technology, a discrete choice model is used. The model is estimated using the HILDA dataset, a rich household survey of the Australian population, which contains detailed information on time use, child care demands and the corresponding prices. Simulations based on the estimates show that the time allocations of women with pre-school children are highly sensitive to changes in wages and the costs of child care. A policy simulation suggests that labor force participation and hours of market work would increase substantially in a fiscal system based solely on individual rather than joint taxation.
    Keywords: Time use, income tax, child care subsidies
    JEL: J22 J13 H24
    Date: 2012–12
  10. By: Thibault Darcillon (Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne - Paris School of Economics)
    Abstract: This article analyzes the linkages between financial liberalization, labor market institutions and wage inequality for 17 OECD countries over the 1989 to 2005 period. With the help of a fixed effect model with an interacted term, one crucial contribution of this article is to analyze the interacted impact of labor market institutions (i.e., workers' bargaining power and employment protection legislation) on the one hand and financial liberalization on the other hand on wage distribution. Our results indicate that changes in workers' bargaining power and in employment protection affect wage distribution (p9/p1 ratio). Estimates of the marginal effects show that by increasing labor markers regulation (i.e., reinforcing workers' bargaining power and increasing employment protection legislation) one also weakens the impact of financial liberalization on the increase in wage inequality.
    Keywords: Wage inequality, financial liberalization, corporate governance, employment protection, political economy.
    JEL: G34 J5 P16
    Date: 2012–12
  11. By: Eckstein, Zvi (Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) Herzliya); Lifshitz, Osnat (Academic College of Tel-Aviv Yaffo)
    Abstract: Changing social norms, as reflected in the interactions between spouses, are hypothesized to affect the employment rates of married women. A model is built in order to estimate this effect, in which the employment of married men and women is the outcome of an internal household game. The type of the household game is exogenously determined as either Classical or Modern. In the former type of household, the spouses play a Stackelberg leader game in which the wife's labor supply decision is based on her husband's employment outcome while the latter type of household is characterized by a symmetric and simultaneous game that determines the spouses' joint labor supply as Nash equilibrium. Females in Modern households are predicted to have higher employment rates than women in Classical households if they have narrower labor market opportunities and/or higher relative risk aversion. The household type is exogenously determined when the couple gets married and is treated as unobserved heterogeneity. The model is estimated using the Simulated Moments Method (SMM) and data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) survey for the years 1983-93. The estimated model provides a good fit to the trends in employment rates and wages. We estimate that 38 percent of households are Modern and that the participation rate of women in those households is almost 80 percent, which is about 10 higher than in Classical households. Meanwhile, the employment rate among men is almost identical in the two types of household.
    Keywords: dynamic discrete choice, household labor supply, household game
    JEL: E24 J2 J3
    Date: 2012–12
  12. By: Lixin Cai; Amy Y.C. Liu
    Abstract: This study examines the wage differentials along the entire distribution between immigrants and the Australian-born. The results show that the productivity characteristics and the returns to the characteristics reinforce each other for immigrants from English-speaking countries, putting them in a favourable position relative to the native-born. Male immigrants from non-English-speaking (NESC) have little wage difference from their native-born counterparts since their favourable productivity characteristics are offset by disadvantage in the returns to the characteristics. Female immigrants from NESC are advantaged at the upper but disadvantaged at the lower part of the wage distribution relative to their native-born counterparts. Our results suggest that the increasingly skill-based immigration policy in Australia has resulted in increasing skill levels of immigrants relative to the Australian born. However, due to unfavourable rewards to their productivity factors NESC immigrants, especially males, earn less than the Australian born.
    Keywords: Immigrants, quantile regression, decomposition
    Date: 2012–12
  13. By: Arpino, Bruno (Universitat Pompeu Fabra); Pronzato, Chiara D. (University of Turin); Tavares, Lara P. (Bocconi University)
    Abstract: Childcare arrangements are key in women's ability to juggle motherhood and working outside the home. As such, the study of the access to childcare and its use is of great policy relevance. We focus on a particular kind of informal childcare, the one provided by grandparents. Empirically, assessing the effect of grandparental childcare is not an easy task due to unobserved preferences. In light of the potential outcome framework, we interpret the biases resulting from unobserved preferences as arising from the non-compliance of mothers to the availability of grandparents and from preferences of grandparents for activities other than childcare. Using an Instrumental Variable approach on Italian data, we find that the effect of grandparental childcare on mothers' labour supply is positive, statistically significant and economically relevant. The effect is stronger for lower educated mothers, with young children and living in the North and Centre.
    Keywords: female labour market participation, grandparental childcare, intergenerational transfers, instrumental variables, unobserved preferences
    JEL: J10 J13 C26
    Date: 2012–12
  14. By: Massimiliano Calì (World Bank); Sami H. Miaari (World Bank)
    Abstract: Using data on Israeli closure in the Palestinian West Bank, we provide new evidence on the labour market effects of conflict-induced restrictions to mobility. We exploit the fact that the placement of physical barriers by Israel was exogenous to local labour market conditions and find a causal negative effect of these barriers on employment, wages and days worked per month. On the other hand the barriers had a positive impact on the number of hours per working day. These effects are driven mainly by checkpoints and only a tiny portion of the effects is due to direct restrictions on workers’ mobility. Despite being an under-estimation of the actual effects, the overall costs of the barriers on the West Bank labour market are far from being negligible: in 2007 for example these costs amounted to 6% of GDP.
    Keywords: Conflict, Palestine, Israel, mobility, closures, Intifada
    JEL: J21 J40 J61
    Date: 2012–11
  15. By: Alexander Hijzen; Sébastien Martin
    Abstract: There has been a strong interest in short-time work (STW) schemes during the global financial crisis. Using data for 23 OECD countries for the period 2004 Q1 to 2010 Q4, this paper analyses the quantitative effects of STW programmes on labour market outcomes by exploiting the country and time variation in STW take-up rates. The analysis takes account of differences in institutional settings across countries that might affect the relationship between labour market outcomes and output and also addresses the endogeneity of STW take-up with respect to labour market conditions. Moreover, special attention is given to the dynamic aspects of the relationship between output and labour market outcomes. The results indicate the STW raises hours flexibility by increasing the output elasticity of working time and helps to preserve jobs in the context of a recession by making employment and unemployment less elastic with respect to output. A key finding is that the timing of STW is crucial. While STW helped preserving a significant number of jobs during the crisis, its continued use during the recovery may have slowed the job-content of the recovery. By the end of 2010, the net effect of STW on employment was negligible or may even have become negative. However, the gross impact of STW on the number of jobs saved per quarter remains large and positive in the majority of countries.<BR>Au cours de la crise financière, mondiale, il y a eu un fort intérêt pour les dispositifs de chômage partiel . A l’aide de données portant sur 23 pays de l’OCDE durant la période s’étendant du premier trimestre 2004 au quatrième trimestre 2010, cet article analyse les effets quantitatifs des programmes de chômage partiel sur les résultats obtenus sur le marché du travail en exploitant la variation entre les pays et dans le temps des taux de recours au chômage partiel. L'analyse tient compte des facteurs observables entre les pays qui pourraient affecter la relation entre la situation du marché du travail et la production et aborde également l'endogénéité du recours au chômage partiel par rapport aux conditions du marché du travail. En outre, une attention particulière est accordée à la modélisation des aspects dynamiques de la relation entre la production et les résultats obtenus sur le marché du travail. Les résultats indiquent que le chômage partiel élève la flexibilité des heures en augmentant l'élasticité de la production au temps de travail et aide à préserver les emplois dans le contexte d'une récession en rendant l’emploi et le chômage moins élastique par rapport à la production. Le facteur temps est crucial pour les dispositifs de chômage partiel et constitue une conclusion importante de cet article. Alors que le chômage partiel a contribué à préserver un nombre important d'emplois pendant la crise, son utilisation continue pendant la reprise peut avoir réduit le contenu en emplois de la reprise. À la fin de l’année 2010, l'effet net du chômage partiel sur l'emploi est devenu négligeable, voire négatif. Toutefois, l'impact brut sur le nombre d'emplois sauvés par trimestre reste important et positif dans la plupart des pays.
    Keywords: global financial crisis, partial unemployment benefits, work-sharing
    JEL: J23 J65 J68
    Date: 2012–12–12
  16. By: Maren M. Michaelsen (Ruhr University Bochum, Faculty of Economics)
    Abstract: In Mexico, conflicts between drug-trafficking organisations result in a high number of deaths and immense suffering among both victims and non-victims every year. Little scientific research exists which identifies and quantifies the monetary and nonmonetary consequences of ongoing violent conflicts on individuals. Using the Mexican Family Life Survey for 2002 and 2005, the causal effect of mental health (symptoms of depression / anxiety) on the extensive and intensive margin of labour supply for workingaged men and women is estimated. Measures of the ongoing drug-related violent conflicts both at the macro level using intentional homicide rates by region, and at the micro level indicated by the presence of armed groups in the neighbourhood, serve as instruments for mental health. The results show a significant adverse impact of the conflicts on anxiety for men and women. Based on IV-Tobit model results, a worse mental health state decreases individual labour supply strongly and significantly for men. The findings demonstrate that Mexico's population not only suffers from the violent conflicts between drug-trafficking organisations by anxiety or even depression but also indirectly from less household income through less work which in turn has consequences for Mexico's social development and economic growth.
    JEL: J22 I19 O12 D74
    Date: 2012–08
  17. By: Aysit Tansel (Department of Economics, METU); Saziye Gazioglu (Department of Economics and Institute of Applied Mathematics, METU)
    Abstract: This paper investigates the job satisfaction in relation to managerial attitudes towards employees and firm size using the linked employer-employee survey results in Britain.We first investigate the management-employee relationships and the firm size using maximum likelihood probit estimation . Next various measues of job satisfaction are related to the management-employee relations via maximum likelihood ordered probit estimates. Four measures of job satisfaction that have not been used often are considered. They are satisfaction with influence over job; satisfaction with amount of pay; satisfaction with sense of achievement and satisfaction with respect from supervisors. Main findings indicate that management-employee relationships are less satisfactory in the large firms than in the small firms. Job satisfaction levels are lower in large firms. Less satisfactory management-employee relationships in the large firms may be a major source of the observed lower level of job satisfaction in them. These results have important policy implications from the point of view of the firm management while achieving the aims of their organizations in particular in the large firms in the area of management-employee relationships. Improving the management-employee relations in large firms will increase employee satisfaction in many respects as well as increase productivity and reduce turnover. The nature of the management-employee relations with firm size and job satisfaction has not been investigated before.
    Keywords: Job Satisfaction, Managerial Attitudes,Firm size, Linked Employer-Employee data, Britain
    JEL: J28 J5 J21 D23
    Date: 2012–12
  18. By: Pierre-Carl Michaud; Philip Merrigan; Pierre Lefebvre
    Abstract: Using data from three waves of the General Social Survey on retirement and older workers (1994, 2002 and 2007), we document the evolution of retirement patterns over the last three decades. We combined the analysis of retirement ages of actual retirees with data on expected retirement ages of current workers to create a longer perspective on changes in retirement behaviour in Canada. We also investigate trends in work after retirement. Our findings are in line with findings from other countries. There is an upward trend in retirement ages which likely started around year 2000 for cohorts born after 1945. This trend contrasts with the slow decline in retirement ages observed prior to the end of the millennium. While the downward trend was likely due to factors such as the offering of early retirement programs in private firms, the upward trend is likely to be caused by a wider variety of sources, including better health, less pervasive defined benefit pensions and in general less generous pensions. <P>
    Keywords: retirement, pensions, Canada,
    JEL: J26
    Date: 2012–12–01
  19. By: Tor Eriksson
    Abstract: A key feature of the Danish labour market is its so-called flexicurity, the coexistence of flexibility (low adjustment costs for both employers and employees) and security (owing to a developed social safety net with high coverage and high replacement ratios). This is often believed to have contributed to the resilience of the Danish labour market and especially to its ability to maintain a low and stable unemployment rate. The aim of this paper is to examine the performance of the flexicurity system and changes therein during the previous three decades, including the first years of the Great Recession. We carry out two types of analyses: at the levels of establishments and employees, respectively. First, we use linked employer-employee data for the private sector to examine how labour demand responds to output shocks by a study of firms’ labour adjustment behaviour during economic upturns and downturns. Second, based on the same data set we examine how the flexicurity system protects workers from income losses associated with job losses due to plant closures or major lay-offs. In particular, we are interested in how the transformation of the flexicurity system since the mid-nineties to increasingly emphasise activation and to reduce maximum unemployment benefit durations has changed employees’ security in case of displacement. We document large worker flows that exhibit strong cyclical variation giving rise to volatile unemployment dynamics. External flexibility of firms has remained unchanged for almost three decades. While we find no clear traces of trend changes in employers’ labour adjustment behaviour, we do find that income losses of displaced workers have declined over time, mainly due to their faster re-employment. Although it is still early days to conclude with certainty, there are so far no strong indications of the reemergence of unemployment hysteresis to the same extent as in previous recessions.<BR>Une des principales caractéristiques du marché du travail danois est définie par ce qu’on appelle la flexicurité, coexistence de flexibilité (faibles coûts d'ajustement pour les employeurs et les employés) et de sécurité (en raison d'un filet de sécurité sociale mis au point avec une couverture élevée et des taux de remplacement élevés). On estime souvent que cela a contribué à la bonne tenue du marché du travail danois et spécialement à sa capacité à maintenir un taux de chômage faible et stable. L’objectif de cet article est d'examiner la performance du système de flexicurité et ses évolutions survenues au cours des trois dernières décennies, y compris les premières années de la Grande Récession. Nous réalisons deux types d'analyses: au niveau des établissements et des salariés, respectivement. Tout d'abord, nous utilisons des données appariées employeurs-salariés pour le secteur privé afin d'examiner la façon dont la demande de travail réagit aux chocs de production en étudiant le comportement des entreprises en termes d’ajustement du facteur travail en période de reprise et de ralentissement économique. En second lieu, sur la base des mêmes données, nous examinons comment le système de flexicurité protège les travailleurs contre des pertes de revenus liées a des pertes d'emplois consécutifs à des fermetures d'entreprises ou des licenciements massifs. En particulier, nous nous intéressons à la façon dont la transformation du système de flexicurité depuis le milieu des années 90, en mettant plus fortement l'accent sur l'activation et en réduisant la durée maximale de versement des prestations de chômage a modifié la sécurité des salariés en cas de suppressions d’emploi. Nous documentons les larges flux de travailleurs présentants de fortes variations au cycle et qui sont à l’origine d’une dynamique volatile du chômage. La flexibilité « externe » des entreprises est restée inchangée depuis près de trois décennies. Bien que nous ne trouvons aucun indice manifeste de changements de tendance dans le comportement des employeurs en termes d’ajustement de la main-d’oeuvre, nous constatons néanmoins que les pertes de revenu des travailleurs victimes de suppressions d’emplois ont diminué au fil du temps, principalement en raison de leur rapide retour à l'emploi. Bien qu'il soit encore trop tôt pour conclure avec certitude, il n’existe à ce jour aucune indication claire de la réémergence de l'hystérésis du chômage de même ampleur que lors des récessions précédentes. DELSA/ELSA
    Keywords: hires and separations, earnings losses, flexicurity
    JEL: J2 J3 J63
    Date: 2012–12–13
  20. By: Lindgren, Karl-Oskar (IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy)
    Abstract: This study examines how workplace size relates to transitions in- and out-of sickness absence. Overall, the study finds important differences in the long-term sickness absence behavior of individuals working in small and large workplaces. In particular, the results show that the sickness spells are of higher incidence, but somewhat shorter duration in large workplaces. However, the results also show that the strength of these relationships varies across different labor market groups. The analysis is based on rich administrative data from Sweden over the period 1994–2008.
    Keywords: Sickness absence; workplace size; hazard model
    JEL: J22 J23
    Date: 2012–12–13

This nep-lma issue is ©2013 by Erik Jonasson. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.