nep-law New Economics Papers
on Law and Economics
Issue of 2015‒08‒07
two papers chosen by
Eve-Angeline Lambert, Université de Lorraine

  1. A new cross-national measure of corruption By Escresa,Laarni; PICCI, LUCIO
  2. Red tape reduction and firm entry: evidence from an Italian reform By Monica Amici; Silvia Giacomelli; Francesco Manaresi; Marco Tonello

  1. By: Escresa,Laarni; PICCI, LUCIO
    Abstract: A new measure of cross-national corruption is constructed based on the geographic distribution of public officials involved in cross-border corruption cases. A comparison is made between the Public Administration Corruption Index (PACI) and perception-based measures, considers the extent to which differences between them are driven by systematic factors, and concludes that they are not. As more data on cases of cross-border bribery incidents become available, the PACI will provide an increasingly valid cross-national measure of corruption.
    Keywords: Corruption&Anticorruption Law,Government Diagnostic Capacity Building,Public Sector Corruption&Anticorruption Measures,Information and Communication Technologies,Crime and Society
    Date: 2015–07–20
  2. By: Monica Amici (Bank of Italy); Silvia Giacomelli (Bank of Italy); Francesco Manaresi (Bank of Italy); Marco Tonello (Bank of Italy)
    Abstract: We estimate the effects of a simplification in the bureaucratic regulation for doing business on firm demographics in Italy, where a 2011 legislation reform required all municipalities to institute a one-stop shop for doing business. We use data for all Italian firms active in private non-financial industries and exploit the staggered implementation of the policy by municipalities in order to identify its causal effect. The results indicate that the one-stop shop increased entry rates and survival probability at one year. This effect is due essentially to sole proprietorships, which are plausibly those that benefit the most from reductions in red tape.
    Keywords: red tape costs, firm entry, one-stop shop
    JEL: L11 M13 L51
    Date: 2015–07

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