New Economics Papers
on Law and Economics
Issue of 2013‒04‒06
two papers chosen by
Jeong-Joon Lee, Towson University

  1. Violation of environmental regulations in Sweden: Economic motives, environmental attitudes, and social capital By Holstein, Fredrik; Gren, Ing-Marie
  2. The Impact of Legalized Casino Gambling on Crime By Nichols, Mark W.; Tosun, Mehmet S.

  1. By: Holstein, Fredrik (Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences); Gren, Ing-Marie (Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences)
    Abstract: This paper tests the explanatory power of traditional enforcement instruments, environmental attitudes and abundance of social capital for violation of environmental regulations in Sweden. A count data model is used on a panel data set obtained from a survey to inspectors at the local and regional jurisdictions in Sweden. Regressions analyses are carried out for all firms but also for different firm categories depending on environmental impacts. The results indicate that traditional enforcement weapons, measured as number of inspection and a formal inspection style, curb violation by all types of firm categories. On the other hand, significant results are that environmental attitudes and abundance of social capital deter violation by large firms, but have no impact on violation by firms with minor environmental impacts.
    Keywords: environmental regulations; violation; economic motives; environmental attitudes; social capital; heterogeneous firms; count data model; Sweden
    JEL: K33 K42 Q58
    Date: 2013–03–27
  2. By: Nichols, Mark W. (University of Nevada, Reno); Tosun, Mehmet S. (University of Nevada, Reno)
    Abstract: We examine the impact of legalized casino gambling, including Indian casinos, on crime. Using county-level data between 1994 and 2009, the impact that casino legalization had on crime is examined. Our results show an increase in crime associated with casinos in some circumstances, but not others. Crime impact results are quite sensitive to data, sample periods and econometric specifications. In addition to known Part 1 offenses (assault, burglary, larceny, robbery, rape, and auto theft), we also examine various arrest classifications, including driving under the influence (DUI), fraud, and prostitution. Again, casinos are associated with a statistically significant increase in some circumstances but not in others, with results depending on econometric specification. In no circumstances, however, are casinos and crime significantly negatively correlated.
    Keywords: casino gambling, crime
    JEL: H71 L83
    Date: 2013–03

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