nep-lam New Economics Papers
on Central and South America
Issue of 2015‒10‒25
nineteen papers chosen by
Maximo Rossi
Universidad de la República

  1. The growth-employment-poverty nexus in Latin America in the 2000s : Brazil country study By Cruces Guillermo; Fields Gary S.; Jaume David; Viollaz Mariana
  2. Female Labor Force Participation in Latin America: Patterns and Explanations. By María Edo; Mariana Marchionni
  3. Understanding the Determinants of Household Saving: Micro Evidence for Latin America By Ricardo Bebczuk; Leonardo Gasparini; Noelia Garbero; Julian Amendolaggine
  4. The growth-employment-poverty nexus in Latin America in the 2000s : Chile country study By Cruces Guillermo; Fields Gary S.; Jaume David; Viollaz Mariana
  5. The growth-employment-poverty nexus in Latin America in the 2000s : Honduras country study By Cruces Guillermo; Fields Gary S.; Jaume David; Viollaz Mariana
  6. The growth-employment-poverty nexus in Latin America in the 2000s : Costa Rica country study By Cruces Guillermo; Fields Gary S.; Jaume David; Viollaz Mariana
  7. The growth-employment-poverty nexus in Latin America in the 2000s : Peru country study By Cruces Guillermo; Fields Gary S.; Jaume David; Viollaz Mariana
  8. The growth-employment-poverty nexus in Latin America in the 2000s : Dominican Republic country study By Cruces Guillermo; Fields Gary S.; Jaume David; Viollaz Mariana
  9. The growth-employment-poverty nexus in Latin America in the 2000s : Colombia country study By Cruces Guillermo; Fields Gary S.; Jaume David; Viollaz Mariana
  10. The growth-employment-poverty nexus in Latin America in the 2000s : Ecuador country study By Cruces Guillermo; Fields Gary S.; Jaume David; Viollaz Mariana
  11. The growth-employment-poverty nexus in Latin America in the 2000s : Panama country study By Cruces Guillermo; Fields Gary S.; Jaume David; Viollaz Mariana
  12. The growth-employment-poverty nexus in Latin America in the 2000s : Uruguay country study By Cruces Guillermo; Fields Gary S.; Jaume David; Viollaz Mariana
  13. The growth-employment-poverty nexus in Latin America in the 2000s : El Salvador country study By Cruces Guillermo; Fields Gary S.; Jaume David; Viollaz Mariana
  14. The growth-employment-poverty nexus in Latin America in the 2000s : Argentina country study By Cruces Guillermo; Fields Gary S.; Jaume David; Viollaz Mariana
  15. The growth-employment-poverty nexus in Latin America in the 2000s : Bolivia country study By Cruces Guillermo; Fields Gary S.; Jaume David; Viollaz Mariana
  16. The growth-employment-poverty nexus in Latin America in the 2000s : Paraguay country study By Cruces Guillermo; Fields Gary S.; Jaume David; Viollaz Mariana
  17. The growth-employment-poverty nexus in Latin America in the 2000s : Mexico country study By Cruces Guillermo; Fields Gary S.; Jaume David; Viollaz Mariana
  18. El Empleo Público en América Latina. Evidencia de las encuestas de hogares By Leonardo Gasparini; Pablo Brassiolo; Malena Arcidiacono; Laura Carella; Pablo Gluzmann; Jorge Puig
  19. The growth-employment-poverty nexus in Latin America in the 2000s : Venezuela country study By Cruces Guillermo; Fields Gary S.; Jaume David; Viollaz Mariana

  1. By: Cruces Guillermo; Fields Gary S.; Jaume David; Viollaz Mariana
    Abstract: During the 2000s, Brazil experienced slow economic growth and a substantial improvement in labour market indicators. From 2001 to 2012, Brazil grew less than the Latin American average. However, the unemployment rate decreased, the employment composition
    Keywords: Economic development, Income distribution, Labor market, Poverty, Public welfare
    Date: 2015
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2015-071&r=all
  2. By: María Edo (Universidad de San Andrés - CONICET); Mariana Marchionni (CEDLAS - UNLP - CONICET)
    Abstract: Argentina has traditionally stood out in terms of educational outcomes among its Latin American counterparts. Schooling among older children, however, still shows room for improvement especially among the more vulnerable. Fortunately, the last decade witnessed a sizeable improvement in attendance rates for children aged 15 through 17. This could be related to the 2006 National Education Law that made uppersecondary education compulsory. In this paper, instead, we claim that the Asignación Universal por Hijo (AUH) a massive conditional cash transfer program implemented in 2009 in Argentina may be partly responsible for this improvement. Using a difference in difference model we estimate that the program accounts for a 3.9 percentage point increase in attendance rates among those eligible children aged 15 through 17.
    JEL: J13 H52 I21
    Date: 2015–11
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:dls:wpaper:0190&r=all
  3. By: Ricardo Bebczuk (CEDLAS - UNLP); Leonardo Gasparini (CEDLAS - UNLP); Noelia Garbero (CEDLAS - UNLP); Julian Amendolaggine (CEDLAS - UNLP)
    Abstract: This study centers on the household saving rate in Latin America by constructing a new database from 27 household surveys in 10 countries. At the statistical level, about half of the households present negative saving. This fact, coupled with the discrepancy with national accounts data, suggests some degree of income underreporting and/or consumption overreporting. The estimations highlight the overriding positive role of income in shaping saving decisions. Many other controls prove to be significant as well. In terms of household saving promotion, our paper leaves little room for optimism.
    JEL: D91 E21
    Date: 2015–10
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:dls:wpaper:0189&r=all
  4. By: Cruces Guillermo; Fields Gary S.; Jaume David; Viollaz Mariana
    Abstract: During the 2000s Chile achieved rapid economic growth and improved most labour market indicators: the unemployment rate fell; the mix of employment by occupational position and sector improved; the educational level of the employed population, the percent
    Keywords: Economic growth, Income distribution, Labor market, Poverty, Public welfare
    Date: 2015
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2015-072&r=all
  5. By: Cruces Guillermo; Fields Gary S.; Jaume David; Viollaz Mariana
    Abstract: During the 2000s Honduras grew less than the average Latin American country and labour market indicators moved, in general, in a worsening direction. The only exceptions were the reduction in the unemployment rate and the improvements in the mix of employ
    Keywords: Economic growth, Income distribution, Labor market, Poverty, Public welfare
    Date: 2015
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2015-078&r=all
  6. By: Cruces Guillermo; Fields Gary S.; Jaume David; Viollaz Mariana
    Abstract: In the 2000s, Costa Rica experienced moderate economic growth and a general improvement in labour market conditions. From 2000 to 2012, Costa Rica grew at the Latin American average. Most labour market indicators improved during 2001.09 and 2010.12 (t
    Keywords: Economic growth, Income distribution, Labor market, Poverty, Public welfare
    Date: 2015
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2015-074&r=all
  7. By: Cruces Guillermo; Fields Gary S.; Jaume David; Viollaz Mariana
    Abstract: The Peruvian economy performed exceptionally well between 2000 and 2012, with a growth performance that placed the country well above the regional average and an improvement in all labour market indicators. The economy suffered a slowdown as a consequence
    Keywords: Economic growth, Income distribution, Labor market, Poverty, Public welfare
    Date: 2015
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2015-082&r=all
  8. By: Cruces Guillermo; Fields Gary S.; Jaume David; Viollaz Mariana
    Abstract: During the 2000s, the Dominican Republic experienced above-average economic growth along with mixed results in labour market indicators. GDP per capita stagnated through 2004 and, for the most part, grew rapidly from 2005 through 2012. Comparing 2000 with
    Keywords: Economic growth, Income distribution, Labor market, Poverty, Public welfare
    Date: 2015
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2015-075&r=all
  9. By: Cruces Guillermo; Fields Gary S.; Jaume David; Viollaz Mariana
    Abstract: Between 2000 and 2013, Colombia experienced rapid economic growth. The country suffered a slowdown at the beginning of the period and during the international crisis of 2008, but during both slowdowns, the growth rate never turned negative. Most labour ma
    Keywords: Economic growth, Income distribution, Labor market, Poverty, Public welfare
    Date: 2015
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2015-073&r=all
  10. By: Cruces Guillermo; Fields Gary S.; Jaume David; Viollaz Mariana
    Abstract: Ecuador experienced moderate economic growth during the 2000s. The economy suffered a mild recession during the international crisis of 2008, but returned to pre-recession GDP per capita level in 2010. Most labour market indicators improved over the perio
    Keywords: Economic growth, Income distribution, Labor market, Poverty, Public welfare
    Date: 2015
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2015-076&r=all
  11. By: Cruces Guillermo; Fields Gary S.; Jaume David; Viollaz Mariana
    Abstract: Between 2000 and 2012, Panama boasted the strongest economic growth in Latin America. The growth experience was not uniform: the 2000.02 period was marked by slow or negative growth rates, after which growth was exceptionally rapid. Although the interna
    Keywords: Economic growth, Income distribution, Labor market, Poverty, Public welfare
    Date: 2015
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2015-080&r=all
  12. By: Cruces Guillermo; Fields Gary S.; Jaume David; Viollaz Mariana
    Abstract: The Uruguayan story was one of declines in the early years of the 2000s in most indicators, followed by improvements in all of them. Economic growth was negative in the early years due to a severe economic crisis, positive and rapid thereafter except duri
    Keywords: Economic growth, Income distribution, Labor market, Poverty, Public welfare
    Date: 2015
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2015-083&r=all
  13. By: Cruces Guillermo; Fields Gary S.; Jaume David; Viollaz Mariana
    Abstract: During the 2000s, El Salvador experienced slow economic growth for Latin American standards. The country underwent a recession during the international crisis of 2008, but returned to pre-recession output level in 2011. Changes in labour market conditions
    Keywords: Economic growth, Income distribution, Labor market, Poverty, Public welfare
    Date: 2015
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2015-077&r=all
  14. By: Cruces Guillermo; Fields Gary S.; Jaume David; Viollaz Mariana
    Abstract: Argentina experienced a decline in the early years of the 2000s, from 2000 to 2002, in GDP and in most labour market indicators, followed by improvements in nearly all of them, tracing out a U-shaped pattern. The international crisis of 2008 impacted nega
    Keywords: Economic growth, Income distribution, Labor market, Poverty, Public welfare
    Date: 2015
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2015-069&r=all
  15. By: Cruces Guillermo; Fields Gary S.; Jaume David; Viollaz Mariana
    Abstract: During the 2000s Bolivia experienced moderate economic growth and improved all labour market indicators. The economy suffered a slowdown as a consequence of the international crisis of 2008, but Bolivia sustained positive growth rates during that episode.
    Keywords: Economic growth, Income distribution, Labor market, Poverty, Public welfare
    Date: 2015
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2015-070&r=all
  16. By: Cruces Guillermo; Fields Gary S.; Jaume David; Viollaz Mariana
    Abstract: During the 2000s Paraguay experienced slow economic growth but improved all labour market indicators. The growth process was erratic. Paraguay underwent a macroeconomic crisis at the beginning of the period, a recession as a consequence of the internation
    Keywords: Economic growth, Income distribution, Labor market, Poverty, Public welfare
    Date: 2015
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2015-081&r=all
  17. By: Cruces Guillermo; Fields Gary S.; Jaume David; Viollaz Mariana
    Abstract: During the 2000s Mexico grew less than the average for Latin America. Labour market indicators exhibited mixed changes, with improvements over the period for some of them and deterioration for others. The country was severely hurt by the international cri
    Keywords: Income distribution, Labor market, Poverty, Public welfare
    Date: 2015
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2015-079&r=all
  18. By: Leonardo Gasparini (CEDLAS - UNLP - CONICET); Pablo Brassiolo (CAF – Banco de Desarrollo de América Latina); Malena Arcidiacono (CEDLAS - UNLP); Laura Carella (CEDLAS - UNLP); Pablo Gluzmann (CEDLAS - UNLP - CONICET); Jorge Puig (CEDLAS - UNLP)
    Abstract: Este trabajo aporta evidencia sobre el empleo público en América Latina durante el período 1992-2012, explotando una base de datos estandarizados de las encuestas de hogares de todos los países de la región. Estas encuestas constituyen una buena herramienta por su representatividad nacional, su frecuencia y su amplia cobertura sobre cuestiones de empleo y salarios, tanto en el sector público como en el privado, formal e informal. El trabajo documenta y analiza los cambios en los niveles de empleo y salarios de los empleados públicos latinoamericanos vis-a-vis el resto de los trabajadores.
    Date: 2015–09
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:dls:wpaper:0188&r=all
  19. By: Cruces Guillermo; Fields Gary S.; Jaume David; Viollaz Mariana
    Abstract: Venezuela experienced slow economic growth during the 2000s. The economy suffered a recession in the early years of the period and during the international crisis of 2008, but most labour market indicators improved and moved along with the business cycle
    Keywords: Economic growth, Income distribution, Labor market, Poverty, Public welfare
    Date: 2015
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2015-084&r=all

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