New Economics Papers
on Central and South America
Issue of 2013‒12‒29
seven papers chosen by

  1. The impact of immigration on the labour market: Evidence from 20 years of cross-border migration to Argentina By Battiston, Diego
  2. Fuentes y métodos para la reconstrucción de PIBs regionales en Colombia. Siglos XIX y XX By Mejía Cubillos, Javier
  3. Job Vacancies in Colombia: 1976-2012 By Andrés Álvarez; Marc Hofstetter
  4. Pobreza Multidimensional en Argentina: Ampliando las Medidas Tradicionales de Pobreza por Ingreso y NBI By Adriana Conconi
  5. Appropriability and Complementarities in a Fragile Patent System: Evidence from Brazilian Manufacturing By Barros, Henrique M.
  6. Crime and growth convergence : evidence from Mexico By Enamorado, Ted; Lopez-Calva, Luis F.; Rodriguez-Castelan, Carlos
  7. Evidence of eligibility manipulation for conditional cash transfer programs By Firpo, Sergio; Pieri, Renan; Pedroso Jr., Euclides; Souza, Andre Portela

  1. By: Battiston, Diego
    Abstract: This paper studies the effects of immigration on the wages of Argentinean native workers over the period 1993-2012. I use a novel micro-dataset which combines household surveys from Argentina and six other Latin American countries. Immigration from these six countries accounts for 95% of the total immigration from Latin American countries. The empirical strategy identifies the effects of the labour supply variation using the “national approach” from Borjas (2003) and a reduced form equation obtained within a CES framework. In order to account for demand/pull shocks, I propose a set of instruments based on labour market conditions in immigrants’ home countries. An alternative specification also explores the hypothesis of heterogeneous impact by country of origin. Overall, findings show a significant negative impact of immigration on wages. IV estimates suggest that OLS results are a lower bound for the (partial) causal effect. Thus, if confounding demand factors exist, they bias the results toward zero.
    Keywords: immigration; wages; Argentina; labour market; cross-border migration;
    JEL: J0 J20 J31 J61 O54
    Date: 2013
  2. By: Mejía Cubillos, Javier
    Abstract: This paper summarizes and analyzes the main sources and methods used in the reconstruction of regional GDPs in Colombia for the 19th and 20th centuries. In addition, it is offered a general perspective of the field's evolution in the coming years.
    Keywords: Colombia; 19th century; 20th century; regional GDP
    JEL: C82 N16 N96 R11 R12
    Date: 2013–12
  3. By: Andrés Álvarez; Marc Hofstetter
    Abstract: Based on the counting of Help-wanted advertisements in print newspapers, we present national vacancy indexes and vacancy rates for Colombia. These series will allow tackling a myriad of questions related to the functioning of the labor markets in emerging economies, where such datasets were not available until now.
    Keywords: Vacancies, Help-wanted index, unemployment, Beveridge curve, labor market, Colombia. Classification JEL:E24, E32, J63, J64
    Date: 2013–12
  4. By: Adriana Conconi
  5. By: Barros, Henrique M.
    Date: 2013–10
  6. By: Enamorado, Ted; Lopez-Calva, Luis F.; Rodriguez-Castelan, Carlos
    Abstract: Scholars have often argued that crime deters growth, but the empirical literature assessing such effect is scarce. By exploiting cross-municipality income and crime data for Mexico -- a country that experienced a high increase in crime rates over the past decade -- this study circumvents two of the most common problems faced by researchers in this area. These are: (i) the lack of a homogenous, consistently comparable measure of crime and (ii) the small sample problem in the estimation. Combining income data from poverty maps, administrative records on crime and violence, and public expenditures data at the municipal level for Mexico (2005-2010), the analysis finds evidence indicating that drug-related crimes indeed deter growth. It also finds no evidence of a negative effect on growth from crimes unrelated to drug trafficking.
    Keywords: Crime and Society,Public Sector Corruption&Anticorruption Measures,Achieving Shared Growth,International Terrorism&Counterterrorism,Corruption&Anticorruption Law
    Date: 2013–12–01
  7. By: Firpo, Sergio; Pieri, Renan; Pedroso Jr., Euclides; Souza, Andre Portela
    Date: 2013–12–09

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