nep-lam New Economics Papers
on Central and South America
Issue of 2012‒06‒25
four papers chosen by
Maximo Rossi
University of the Republic

  1. El Impacto de un Programa Social sobre la Informalidad Laboral: El Caso de la AUH en Argentina By Santiago Garganta; Leonardo Gasparini
  2. Heterogeneity of total factor productivity across Latin American countries : evidence from manufacturing firms. By Daniel Kapp; Alan Sánchez
  3. Pro-poor Growth in Andean Countries By Abdelkrim Araar
  4. Impact Evaluation for Policy Making: A Close Look at Latin American Countries with Weaker Research Capacities By María Laura Alzúa; Habiba Djebbari; Martin Valdivia

  1. By: Santiago Garganta (CONICET y CEDLAS (UNLP)); Leonardo Gasparini (CEDLAS (UNLP))
    Abstract: El programa de Asignación Universal por Hijo en Argentina extiende a los desocupados y trabajadores informales un beneficio antes limitado a los empleados formales. Esta extensión podría modificar los incentivos laborales, estimulando una menor participación en el sector formal respecto de la que hubiese surgido en ausencia del programa. En este trabajo estimamos ese efecto comparando en el tiempo al grupo de hogares elegibles (informales, con hijos), con un grupo semejante pero no elegible (sin hijos). Los resultados sugieren un significativo desincentivo hacia la formalización de los beneficiarios, pero no hay evidencia de un incentivo hacia la informalidad de los trabajadores registrados.
    Keywords: Informalidad, protección social, AUH, Argentina
    JEL: H55 I38 O17
    Date: 2012–06
  2. By: Daniel Kapp (Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne - Paris School of Economics); Alan Sánchez (Central Bank of Peru - Economic Research Division)
    Abstract: We use a firm production function approach to generate estimates of total factor productivity (TFP) and labor productivity in the manufacturing sector for a group of Latin American countries. We exploit these estimates to study the relative position of countries within this sector and to explore the main correlates of firm productivity. We find that while the exact ranking of average TPF is sensitive to the underlying form of the production function, Chile and Argentina average level of TFP is found to be consistenly above that of other countries, while Bolivia firms always appears at the bottom of the distribution. While other aspects matter, the main factors explaining differences in productivity across firms are related to country-level, not firm-level, characteristics.
    Keywords: Total factor productivity, multi factor productivity, labor productivity, Latin America.
    JEL: D24 D22 C23
    Date: 2012–02
  3. By: Abdelkrim Araar
    Abstract: This paper studies the pro-poor growth in the Latino American Andean countries. We first present different definitions of pro-poorness and the related methods in order to generate the statistically robust results for classes of pro-poor measures. Also, we present the non anonymous pro-poor approach and we propose also a new method to study the inter-temporal pro-poor growth with the aim to capture the change of wellbeing of the poor over time. We apply these procedures to five L.A. countries, which are Ecuador, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia and Venezuela for the period between 2005 and 2010. In general, we find strong statistical evidence that the Andean L.A. countries growths have been absolutely and relatively pro-poor for the period between 2005 and 2010. However, the 2008 world economic crisis has affected temporarily growth and the latter was not absolutely pro-poor during this economic crisis. Starting from 2009, the L.A. countries have registered a remarkable economic recovery. This recovery has helped to growth to absolutely pro-poor and thus, to continue to reduce poverty in this region of world.
    Keywords: Pro-poor growth, Poverty, Inequality
    JEL: D63 D64
    Date: 2012
  4. By: María Laura Alzúa (CONICET, CEDLAS at Universidad Nacional de La Plata); Habiba Djebbari (Laval University, CIRPÉE and IZA); Martin Valdivia (Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE))
    Date: 2012–05

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