New Economics Papers
on Central and South America
Issue of 2011‒06‒04
four papers chosen by

  1. Do Natural Disasters Affect Trust/Trustworthiness? Evidence from the 2010 Chilean Earthquake By Fleming, David A; Chong, Alberto E.; Bejarano, Hernan D.
  2. Brazilian biofuels policies and impacts on world agricultural trade By de Miranda, Sílvia Helena G.; Blandford, David; Abler, David G.
  3. Cinco modelos de capitalismo By Pereira, Luiz Carlos Bresser
  4. The development of the brazilian amazon region and greenhouse gases emission: a dilemma to be faced! By Imori, Denise; Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins; David, Leticia Scretas; Gutierre, Leopoldo Millan; Waisman, Caio

  1. By: Fleming, David A; Chong, Alberto E.; Bejarano, Hernan D.
    Abstract: A series of trust games were conducted in Chile to analyze whether the past 2010 earthquake affected trust and trustworthiness in rural communities. Results show that trust levels are invariant between villages affected by the earthquake and villages not affected by this shock (control group). However, we find statistical evidence that trustworthiness has diminished in areas affected by the earthquake. Results are relevant for policy regarding aid and recovery of communities affected by these types of disasters.
    Keywords: Trust games, natural disasters, trustworthiness, Community/Rural/Urban Development, International Development, C93, O13,
    Date: 2011
  2. By: de Miranda, Sílvia Helena G.; Blandford, David; Abler, David G.
    Keywords: Agricultural and Food Policy, Resource /Energy Economics and Policy,
    Date: 2011
  3. By: Pereira, Luiz Carlos Bresser
    Abstract: Besides analyzing capitalist societies historically and think them in terms of phases or stages, we may compare different models or varieties of capitalism. In this work I make a survey of the literature on this subject, distinguish the classification that have a production or business approach to the ones that use mainly a political criterion. And present my own view on the matter that views five forms of capitalism. Among the rich countries, I see the “liberal-democratic or Anglo-Saxon model, the social or European model, and endogenous social integration or Japanese model; among developing countries, I distinguish the Asian developmental model from the liberal-dependent model that characterizes most other developing countries including Brazil.
    Date: 2011–05–16
  4. By: Imori, Denise; Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins; David, Leticia Scretas; Gutierre, Leopoldo Millan; Waisman, Caio
    Abstract: The purpose of this work is to verify the existence of possible tradeoffs between policies direct to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) with the ones direct to foster the development of the Brazilian Amazon Region, which is one of the poorest in the country. In order to achieve this goal, this paper uses an interregional input-output (I-O) model, estimated for the Brazilian economy for the year of 2004. The I-O model is used to make a comparison between the economical and the environmental relevance of each sector in the economies of the Amazon region and the rest of Brazil. This study considers the greenhouse gases emissions not only from the economic activities by itself, but, also for the more important factor of the land-use changes. This is a fact of most importance, given that in 2005, about 60% of the Brazilian GHGs emissions were due to the land-use change in its different biomes. Moreover, in the Brazilian Amazon region, especially in the last decades, the deforestation was linked mainly to economic factors than to policies conducted by the government. The results show that the sectors with the greatest importance in terms of emissions are cattle and soybean production. Also, they are also the most prominent for the region's economic development. This poses a dilemma that needs to be faced not only by Brazil, but also by the developed nations, as the burden of the reduction in the greenhouse gases emission in the Brazilian Amazon region cannot be only put on the poor population of the region!
    Keywords: Amazon Region; Greenhouse Gases; Brazil; Input-Output; Economic Development; Productive Structure; Deforestation
    JEL: O1 R1 D57 Q5
    Date: 2011

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