New Economics Papers
on Central and South America
Issue of 2010‒12‒04
three papers chosen by

  1. Poverty alleviation policy targeting: a review of experiences in developing countries By Emmanuelle Lavallée; Anne Olivier; Laure Pasquier-Doumer; Anne-Sophie Robilliard
  2. Economic Development Strategies in the Dominican Republic By Susan Pozo; José R. Sánchez-Fung; Amelia U. Santos-Paulino
  3. Making sense of immigration policy: Argentina, 1870-1930 By Blanca Sánchez-Alonso

  1. By: Emmanuelle Lavallée (DIAL, Paris); Anne Olivier (DIAL, EHESS); Laure Pasquier-Doumer (DIAL, IRD, Paris); Anne-Sophie Robilliard (DIAL, IRD, Paris)
    Abstract: (english) Fiscal constraints and policy changes to improve the effectiveness of programmes in reducing poverty have gradually led the international community to use tools to reach the poor. Poverty reduction policy targeting is one of them. This paper reviews targeted poverty alleviation policies in developing countries and seeks to identify the key factors that affect their performances. _________________________________ (français) Dans un contexte de ressources budgétaires limitées et suite au constat que la croissance et l’aide publique au développement ne bénéficiaient pas forcément aux pauvres, la communauté internationale a eu recours à des outils spécifiques permettant d’atteindre en priorité les pauvres. Le ciblage des politiques de lutte contre la pauvreté est l’un de ces outils. Cet article vise à dresser un bilan des expériences de ciblage menées dans les pays en développement. Il cherche pour cela à dégager les facteurs de réussite ou d’échec de ces expériences et fait le point sur les questions qui font toujours débat.
    Keywords: targeting, poverty, redistribution, developing countries, ciblage, pauvreté, redistribution, pays en développement.
    JEL: I38 O12 H23
    Date: 2010–08
  2. By: Susan Pozo; José R. Sánchez-Fung; Amelia U. Santos-Paulino
    Abstract: The paper documents the economic development strategies pursued by the Dominican Republic. The study argues that the country’s success results from the implementation of a three-pronged economic development strategy. The first prong relates to diversifying production and the second to developing special economic zones. These zones operate in parallel fashion to the rest of the economy but with protections from domestic impediments to growth and progress. The third item in the recipe involves maintaining ample economic and social engagement with the rest of the world. The paper also highlights challenges that the country faces going forward.
    Keywords: economic development strategies, primary commodities, special economic zones, economic openness, Dominican Republic
    Date: 2010
  3. By: Blanca Sánchez-Alonso
    Abstract: The aim of this paper is to disentangle the different forces shaping Argentine immigration policy from 1870 to 1930. Although immigration restrictions increased over time Argentina remained relatively open to mass migration until the 1930s in contrast with the United States. The quantitative evidence presented here suggests that there were economic reasons to restrict immigration prior to the 1930s, namely rising inequality and a declining demand for workers. Labour in Argentina would have been better off with a more restrictive immigration policy since 1900. However, labour interests could not be translated into Parliament in a direct way as in countries with a wide electoral franchise and high political participation like the United States. In Argentina a large share of workers did not have the right to vote simply because they were foreigners. Those negatively affected by massive immigration developed alternative actions: general strikes, labour unrest and violence. Political and social fear finally pushed those who had more to gain from an abundant supply of labour to introduce immigration restrictions.
    Keywords: Immigration policy, Argentina, Political economy, International migration
    JEL: N4 N36 J61 O24
    Date: 2010–11

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