New Economics Papers
on Central and South America
Issue of 2010‒11‒20
two papers chosen by

  1. The Weight of the Crisis: Evidence from Newborns in Argentina By Bozzoli, Carlos; Quintana-Domeque, Climent
  2. How Can Petrobras Biocombustíveis Engage Small-Scale Farmers While Promoting Sustainability in Brazil?s Biodiesel Programme? By Clovis Zapata; Diego Vazquez-Brust; José Plaza-Úbeda

  1. By: Bozzoli, Carlos (DIW Berlin); Quintana-Domeque, Climent (Universidad de Alicante)
    Abstract: Argentina hit headlines around the world in 2002 on account of the largest debt default in history and a sudden economic collapse that generated statistics reminiscent of those from the Great Depression. In this article we focus on other consequences of the crisis that are not so obvious but that may linger for decades. Combining macroeconomic indicators with the Argentine national registry of live births (approximately 1.9 million from 2001 through 2003), we show that the crisis led to an average birth-weight loss of 30 grams. Our estimate is robust to different identification strategies. This deterioration in birth weight occurred in only about six months, and represents one-sixth of the difference in average birth weight between American and Pakistani babies. We also find that the crisis affected particularly the weight of babies born of mothers of low socioeconomic status. In an attempt to estimate the long-term economic costs of the crisis, we simulate the average loss of future individual earnings due to the reduction in average birth weight: about $500 per live birth.
    Keywords: economic crisis, birth weight, Argentina
    JEL: I1 J1
    Date: 2010–10
  2. By: Clovis Zapata (International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth); Diego Vazquez-Brust (ESRC Centre for Business Relationships, Accountability, Sustainability and Society, Cardiff University); José Plaza-Úbeda (University of Almeria)
    Abstract: Our research indicates that Petrobras Biocombustíveis can help alleviate poverty among small-scale family farmers by enhancing stakeholder integration into the Brazilian biodiesel programme. This corroborates numerous studies pointing out the importance of stakeholder networks (Rowley, 1997; Roloff, 2008), which can be particularly significant in programmes that aim to incorporate small-scale farmers into internationally driven markets. Petrobras Biocombustíveis needs to improve the involvement of such farmers, especially in the northeast of Brazil, by identifying and engaging representatives of economic and social arenas to form stakeholder networks. (?)
    Keywords: How Can Petrobras Biocombustíveis Engage Small-Scale Farmers While Promoting Sustainability in Brazil?s Biodiesel Programme?
    Date: 2010–10

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