New Economics Papers
on Central and South America
Issue of 2010‒11‒06
three papers chosen by

  1. Managing Natural Resources Revenue: The case of Chile By J Rodrigo Fuentes
  2. Domestic Violence and Labor Market Outcomes: Evidence from a Mixed-Race Developing Country By Canavire Bacarreza, Gustavo Javier; Rios Avila, Fernando
  3. Algunos aspectos fiscales y financieros del sistema de salud en Colombia By Ligia Alba Melo B.; Jorge Enrique Ramos F,

  1. By: J Rodrigo Fuentes
    Abstract: Countries abundant in natural resources face the dilemma of how to manage this source of revenues. The recent boom in commodity prices put this issue at the top of the agenda in natural resource rich economies. Chile, for instance, is the largest copper producer in the world, supplying 43% of world copper exports. In 2007, the state-owned corporation, CODELCO, produced one third of total Chilean copper output and the revenues from its copper exports accounted for 16% of total fiscal revenues. In the past few years, the government has been under political pressure to distribute more of these revenues across different groups.
    Keywords: Chile, natural resources revenue, resource rich economies, CODELCO, copper
    JEL: Q32 O41
    Date: 2010
  2. By: Canavire Bacarreza, Gustavo Javier (Georgia State University); Rios Avila, Fernando (Georgia State University)
    Abstract: This study investigates the heterogeneous effects of domestic violence over labor markets in an ethnically fragmented country such as Bolivia. Among developing countries, Bolivia “excels” in having one of the highest levels of domestic violence in the region. Anecdotal evidence and empirical evidence suggest that response to domestic violence is not homogeneous across different ethnic groups. Using information from the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) for Bolivia, we examine the heterogeneous impacts of domestic violence over one of the key labor market outcomes such as employment. We employ a probabilistic decision model and treatment regression techniques to examine this effect. We claim that the impact of domestic violence on labor markets is limited among indigenous people, given that violence is, to some extent, socially recognized and accepted. We find that for most of the cases, indigenous women are less responsive to domestic violence than non-indigenous ones, except for groups with a high income level. Our results are robust for alternative methodologies to address possible endogeneity problems.
    Keywords: labor markets, domestic violence, Bolivia, indigenous
    JEL: J15 J71
    Date: 2010–10
  3. By: Ligia Alba Melo B.; Jorge Enrique Ramos F,
    Abstract: Este documento revisa la situación fiscal y financiera del sistema de salud en Colombia. Así mismo, analiza los problemas financieros y administrativos que enfrenta el sector, los cuales están relacionados con el aumento de la demanda por servicios excluidos del plan de beneficios de los regímenes contributivo y subsidiado, con los gastos adicionales asociados a la unificación de los planes de beneficios de los dos regímenes, y con los mecanismos administrativos utilizados en el manejo de los recursos que financian el régimen subsidiado. El documento también describe los principales ajustes al sistema de salud introducidos mediante la Ley 1393 de 2010.
    Date: 2010–10–10

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