New Economics Papers
on Central and South America
Issue of 2008‒04‒12
four papers chosen by

  1. Human capital differentials across municipalities and states in Brazil By Bernardo L. Queiroz; André B. Golgher
  2. A Bayesian multinomial probit analysis of voter choice in Chile’s 2005 presidential election By Alvarez, R. Michael; Katz, Gabriel
  3. Policy-based abstention in Brazil’s 2002 presidential election By Katz, Gabriel
  4. Duración del desempleo y canales de búsqueda, 2006 By Carlos Augusto Viáfara; José Ignacio Uribe

  1. By: Bernardo L. Queiroz (Cedeplar-UFMG); André B. Golgher (Cedeplar-UFMG)
    Abstract: In this paper, we investigate the distribution of more educated and skilled people in Brazilian municipalities and states. Previous evidence shows a high concentration of college educated and high skilled workers in some areas of the country. We investigate whether the increase in the number of high skill workers is faster in municipalities with high initial levels of human capital than in municipalities with lower initial levels. We develop a theoretical model to explain the convergence/divergence of regional skill levels In Brazil. We estimate OLS models based on the theoretical model to explain empirically wage differentials in Brazil. Last, we compute standard segregation and isolation measures to show the trends in the distribution of skilled workers across states and cities in Brazil. We find that educated and qualified workers are concentrated in some areas of the country and recent decades show a higher concentration of them across states and cities.
    Keywords: human capital, segregation, regional differences, Brazil
    JEL: J21 J24 R23
    Date: 2008–03
  2. By: Alvarez, R. Michael; Katz, Gabriel
    Date: 2007–12
  3. By: Katz, Gabriel
    Date: 2007–12
  4. By: Carlos Augusto Viáfara; José Ignacio Uribe
    Abstract: Este artículo estudia la duración del desempleo en Colombia en el año 2006 como un indicador de efectividad de los canales de búsqueda de empleo. Se utiliza información de Encuesta Continua de hogares (ECH) del segundo trimestre del año 2006. Se estiman modelos paramétricos (Weibull de riesgos proporcionales) y no paramétricas (Kaplan-Meier) de duración. Se concluye que la duración del desempleo está altamente influenciada por el canal de búsqueda que utilizaron los empleados para conseguir empleo y que utilizan los desocupados para buscarlo. Los canales más formales mostraron tener una mayor efectividad.
    Date: 2008–03–06

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