New Economics Papers
on Central and South America
Issue of 2007‒06‒18
four papers chosen by

  1. "Gender Inequalities in Allocating Time to Paid and Unpaid Work: Evidence from Bolivia" By Marcelo Medeiros; Rafael Guerreiro Osório; Joana Costa
  2. Beyond a better mousetrap: a cultural analysis of the adoption of ethanol in Brazil By Nardon, L.; Aten, K.
  3. What is the impact of international remittances on poverty and inequality in Latin America ? By Lopez, Humberto; Fajnzylber, Pablo; Calderon, Cesar; Acosta, Pablo
  4. Correcting Global Imbalances with Exchange Rate Realignment? No thanks! By Francis Cripps; Alex Izurieta and Terry McKinley; Terry McKinley

  1. By: Marcelo Medeiros; Rafael Guerreiro Osório; Joana Costa
    Abstract: This working paper analyzes paid and unpaid work-time inequalities among Bolivian urban adults using time use data from a 2001 household survey. We identified a gender-based division of labor characterized not so much by who does what type of work but by how much work of each type they do. There is a trade-off between paid and unpaid work, but this trade-off is only partial: women's entry into the labor market tends to result in a double shift of paid and unpaid work. We also find very high levels of within-group inequality in the distributions of paid and unpaid work-time for men and women, a sign that, beyond the sexual division of labor, subgroup differentiation is also important. Using decompositions of the inequality in the distribution of total time spent at work, we show that gender plays an important role in determining the proportion of paid to unpaid work done by individuals, but it plays a lesser role in determining the higher total workload of some individuals relative to others.
    Date: 2007–04
  2. By: Nardon, L.; Aten, K.
    Abstract: Complex technologies develop within technological systems, which include, in addition to discrete technologies, organizations such as manufacturing firms and investment banks; scientific elements, such as teaching and research programs; and legislative elements, such as regulations. The tangible aspects of such technologies do not alone determine their end configuration or success; rather, social and cultural practices, expectations, and relationships influence the development of technologies just as technologies influence these factors. We argue that culture provides actors with logic principles with which to construct action, influencing the trajectory of the technological system development, in a reinforcing system of path dependency. We analyze the case of ethanol adoption in Brazil and find that Brazil’s adoption of an ethanol-fueled transportation system derives from a pattern of adaptation in response to salient issues. We argue that a unique characteristic of Brazilian culture, the Brazilian Jeitinho - a logic of action of adaptation - influenced the development of the Brazil’s ethanol-fueled transportation system.
    Date: 2007–06–15
  3. By: Lopez, Humberto; Fajnzylber, Pablo; Calderon, Cesar; Acosta, Pablo
    Abstract: Workers ' remittances have become a major source of income for developing countries. However, little is still known about their impact on poverty and inequality. Using a large cross-country panel dataset, the authors find that remittances in Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries have increased growth and reduced inequality and poverty. These results are robust to the use of different instruments that attempt to correct for the potential endogeneity of remittances. Household survey-based estimates for 10 LAC countries confirm that remittances have negative albeit relatively small inequality and poverty-reducing effects, even after imputations for the potential home earnings of migrants.
    Keywords: Population Policies,Remittances,Inequality,Pro-Poor Growth and Inequality,Poverty Impact Evaluation
    Date: 2007–06–01
  4. By: Francis Cripps (Alphametrics Co., Ltd); Alex Izurieta and Terry McKinley (Cambridge Endowment for Research in Finance,University of Cambridge); Terry McKinley (International Poverty Centre)
    Keywords: Poverty, Exchange Rate
    Date: 2007–06

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