New Economics Papers
on Central and South America
Issue of 2007‒03‒17
three papers chosen by

  1. Análisis de las Políticas de Educación, Salud y Vivienda de la Administración de Bogotá 2004-2008 By FEDESARROLLO
  2. More time is better : an evaluation of the full time school program in Uruguay By Cerdan-Infantes, Pedro; Vermeersch, Christel
  3. Geographical Constraints to Growth in Bolivia By Lykke E. Andersen; Osvaldo Nina

    Abstract: 1. Situación general de la ciudad 2. Los recursos asignados 3. Políticas, avances y reflexiones Educación Salud Vivienda 4. Conclusiones
    Date: 2006–06–12
  2. By: Cerdan-Infantes, Pedro; Vermeersch, Christel
    Abstract: This paper estimates the impact of the full-time school program in Uruguay on standardized test scores of 6th grade students. The program lengthened the school day from a half day to a full day, and provided additional inputs to schools to make this possible, such as additional teachers and construction of classrooms. The program was not randomly placed, but targeted poor urban schools. Using propensity score matching, the authors construct a comparable group of schools, and show that students in very disadvantaged schools improved in their test scores by 0.07 of a standard deviation per year of participation in the full-time program in mathematics, and 0.04 in language. While the program is expensive, it may, if well targeted, help address inequalities in education in Uruguay, at an increase in cost per student not larger than the current deficit in spending between Uruguay and the rest of the region.
    Keywords: Tertiary Education,Education For All,Teaching and Learning,Primary Education,Secondary Education
    Date: 2007–03–01
  3. By: Lykke E. Andersen (Institute for Advanced Development Studies); Osvaldo Nina (Banco Central de Bolivia)
    Abstract: This paper seeks to test to which extent geographical constraints can be blamed for Bolivia’s poor growth performance during the last three decades. Although geographical characteristics are too stable to explain the dramatic fluctuations in growth rates over time in Bolivia, there are at least four factors that contribute to changing the importance of those characteristics over time: 1) internal migration, 2) infrastructure investments, 3) change in export partners, and 4) change in export products. The results show that Bolivia is indeed adjusting in all 4 dimensions in order to reduce the importance of geographical constraints, but not nearly fast enough.
    Keywords: Geography, Development, Bolivia
    JEL: Q56 R11
    Date: 2007–03

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