nep-lam New Economics Papers
on Central and South America
Issue of 2006‒12‒04
ten papers chosen by
Maximo Rossi
Universidad de la Republica

  1. DETERMINANTES DA INOVAÇÃO E DA CAPACIDADE DE ABSORÇÃO NAS FIRMAS BRASILEIRAS: QUAL A INFLUÊNCIA DO PERFIL DA MÃO-DE-OBRA? By Fernanda de Negri
  2. DEFORESTATION, GROWTH AND AGGLOMERATION EFFECTS: EVIDENCE FROM AGRICULTURE IN THE BRAZILIAN AMAZON By Danilo Camargo Igliori
  3. HEALTH AND THE EVOLUTION OF WELFARE ACROSS BRAZILIAN MUNICIPALITIES By Rodrigo R. Soares
  4. TRADE CREATION AND TRADE DIVERSION IN MERCOSUR AND NAFTA By Adriano Giacomini Morais; Siegfried Bender
  5. POBREZA MULTIDIMENSIONAL NO BRASIL By Mirela de Carvalho Pereira da Silva; Ricardo Paes de Barros
  6. POVERTY DISTRIBUTION AMONG THE BRAZILIAN STATES: A MULTIDIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS USING CAPABILITIES AND NEEDS APPROACHES By Izete Pengo Bagolin; Rodrigo Peres de Ávila
  7. PRO-POOR GROWTH AND SOCIAL PROGRAMMES IN BRAZIL By Nanak Kakwani; Marcelo Neri; Hyun H. Son
  8. Los salarios de los funcionarios públicos en Colombia (1978 - 2005) By Luis Eduardo Arango; Carlos Esteban Posada
  9. Freed from Illiteracy? A Closer Look at Venezuela’s Robinson Literacy Campaign By Daniel Ortega; Francisco Rodríguez; Edward Miguel
  10. A model of cyclical terrorist murder in Colombia, 1950-2004. Forecasts 2005-2019 By Gomez-Sorzano, Gustavo

  1. By: Fernanda de Negri
    Date: 2006
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:anp:en2006:100&r=lam
  2. By: Danilo Camargo Igliori
    Date: 2006
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:anp:en2006:102&r=lam
  3. By: Rodrigo R. Soares
    Date: 2006
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:anp:en2006:105&r=lam
  4. By: Adriano Giacomini Morais; Siegfried Bender
    Date: 2006
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:anp:en2006:122&r=lam
  5. By: Mirela de Carvalho Pereira da Silva; Ricardo Paes de Barros
    Date: 2006
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:anp:en2006:141&r=lam
  6. By: Izete Pengo Bagolin; Rodrigo Peres de Ávila
    Date: 2006
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:anp:en2006:142&r=lam
  7. By: Nanak Kakwani; Marcelo Neri; Hyun H. Son
    Date: 2006
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:anp:en2006:173&r=lam
  8. By: Luis Eduardo Arango; Carlos Esteban Posada
    Abstract: Utilizando la información de los decretos gubernamentales sobre plantas de personal y remuneraciones (salarios básicos y otros conceptos de la remuneración como son los pagos por gastos de representación, la prima de dirección, el subsidio de alimentación, etc.), se presenta una estimación del verdadero salario de los servidores públicos. Se hizo seguimiento a las plantas de cerca de 150 entidades por año entre 1978 y 2005. De acuerdo con la información obtenida, la remuneración media en el sector público fue $1.426.244 en 2005, a precios de ese año. Su trayectoria está asociada a la remuneración media de los niveles administrativo, operativo y asistencial, los cuales concentran el mayor número de plazas.
    Keywords: salarios públicos, remuneración, nivel jerárquico, grado salarial, plantas de personal, entidades públicas. Classification JEL: J23; J3; J41; J45.
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:bdr:borrec:417&r=lam
  9. By: Daniel Ortega (Center for Finance, Instituto de Estudios Superiores de Administración); Francisco Rodríguez (Economics Department, Wesleyan University); Edward Miguel (University of California, Berkeley and NBER)
    Abstract: We evaluate the success of the Venezuelan government’s latest nationwide literacy program, Misión Robinson, using official Venezuelan government survey data. Controlling for existing trends in literacy rates by age groups over the period 1975 to 2005, we find at most a small positive effect of Robinson on literacy rates, and in many specifications the program impact is statistically indistinguishable from zero. This main result is robust to time series analysis by birth cohort, and to state-level difference-in-differences estimation. The results appear to be inconsistent with recent official claims of the complete eradication of illiteracy in Venezuela, but resonate with existing research on other adult literacy programs, which have usually been expensive failures.
    Date: 2006–10
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:wes:weswpa:2006-025&r=lam
  10. By: Gomez-Sorzano, Gustavo
    Abstract: Abstract: This paper continues a research born in 1993 as a consequence of the growing concern regarding the escalation of violence in Colombia; its objective is to create an econometric model capable of forecasting the path of terrorist murder under different policy options and helping the country in the design of state policy drawing the lineaments for reaching the pacification of the country. I claim that the approach presented here is the only way of creating an econometric model for terrorist murder in Colombia. In the first part I use The Beveridge and Nelson decomposition of economic time series to estimate the cyclical component of murder, which is used later to construct a theoretically and statistically satisfying model to account for cyclically motivated terrorist murder in Colombia, 1950-2004. The variables that together account for eighty three percent of the variation in cyclical terrorist murder are the years of Colombia’s La Violencia period when the peasant self-defense movements appeared, the years of the so-called National Front political collusion between the two main establishment parties, the real trade balance, the size of Colombia’s military forces as a proxy for all armed forces (military, para-military, guerrilla, and drug-related) in the country, the unemployment rate, the number of students matriculated in all modalities and people displaced in the country. The forecasts for cyclical terrorist murder for 2003-2004 show the big dilemma facing the Colombian authorities: the strong reduction of displaced people from 212,000 in 2003 to 117,000 in 2004 boosted the cyclical terrorist murder in the countryside, erasing the initial results by president Uribe’s administration at controlling the intensity of the conflict and implying that any future policy at diminishing it should control the number of displaced people, one of the biggest problems facing Colombia today. The final section presents forecasts for 2005-2019 suggesting, that peace will be attained around year 2008 and, that the way, at this point to reach sustainable peace is through the continuation of the Democratic Security Policy and strong presidential leadership headed towards disarmament of all armed actors in the country combined with the implementing of political and social changes that will secure lasting peace before year 2019.
    Keywords: Colombia; Beveridge and Nelson; cyclical terrorist murder; democratic security policy; sustainable peace; permanent peace; lasting peace.
    JEL: C53 C22
    Date: 2006–05–22
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:pra:mprapa:134&r=lam

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