New Economics Papers
on Central and South America
Issue of 2005‒08‒13
two papers chosen by

  1. The determinants of migration in Brazil By André Braz Golgher; Carlos Henrique Rosa; Ari Francisco de Araújo Junior
  2. Produção científica e tecnológica em Goiás e as bases para a formação de um sistema estadual de inovação By Luciano Martins Costa Póvoa; Leandro Alves Silva

  1. By: André Braz Golgher (Cedeplar-UFMG); Carlos Henrique Rosa (Cedeplar-UFMG); Ari Francisco de Araújo Junior (Ibmec-MG)
    Abstract: In the present study, the neoclassic human capital model was used as the theoretical foundation for the analyses of the determinants of migration in Brazil. The empirical studies were carried on with the application of a multiple regression macro model based on the gravitational model and on the Poisson distribution. In the empirical model, the number of migrants between Brazilian mesoregions was the response variable. Many socioeconomic and criminal aspects of the origin and the destiny of the migrants were used as explanatory variables. The distance between these regions and many geographical dummies were also used as independent variables. This paper contains seven sections. The first one introduces some concepts that are related to the determinants of migration. The next section briefly shows some aspects of the Brazilian regional diversity. After this, some quantitative data about the process of migration is presented. The subsequent section discusses the theoretical models of the analysis, which is the human capital model, and presents some similar studies done by other authors. Then, is showed the methodology and the macro model of migration that were used in the empirical analysis. Finally, the main empirical results are shown and the final discussions and conclusions are presented.
    JEL: R23 J11 J60
    Date: 2005–06
  2. By: Luciano Martins Costa Póvoa (Cedeplar-UFMG); Leandro Alves Silva (Cedeplar-UFMG)
    Abstract: The aim of this paper is to contribute for the debate about Goias State System of Innovation presenting data on the technological (INPI patents) and scientific dimension (scientific papers indexed by the ISI) and theoretical arguments that enable us highlight the economic importance of the Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Goiás (FAPEGO) creation, a government institution for research funding. The investment in scientific research in the state of Goias to build a scientific infrastructure and to help the technological advance will contribute to initiate a catching up process.
    Keywords: scientific production, patents, systems of innovation
    JEL: H50 O00 O30
    Date: 2005–06

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