nep-lam New Economics Papers
on Central and South America
Issue of 2005‒03‒13
three papers chosen by
Maximo Rossi
Universidad de la República

  1. Managing migration: the Brazilian case By Eduardo L. G. Rios-Neto
  2. Economic, Social and Demographic Determinants of Political Participation in Latin America: Evidence from the 1990s By Alejandro Gaviria; Ugo Panizza; Jessica Seddon Wallack
  3. Forms of Democracy, Policy and Economic Development By Torsten Persson

  1. By: Eduardo L. G. Rios-Neto (Cedeplar-UFMG)
    Abstract: The objective of this paper is to present the Brazilian migration experience and its relationship with migration management. The article is divided into three parts. First, it reviews some basic facts regarding Brazilian immigration and emigration processes. Second, it focuses on some policy and legal issues related to migration. Finally, it addresses five issues regarding migration management in Brazil.
    Keywords: international migration, immigration, emigration, migration management, migration policies, migration laws, Brazil
    JEL: F22 K49
    Date: 2005–02
  2. By: Alejandro Gaviria (Universidad Los Andes); Ugo Panizza (Research Department, Inter-American Development Bank); Jessica Seddon Wallack (UC San Diego)
    Abstract: This paper uses international data on voter turnout and individual-level data to describe levels and distribution of political participation in Latin America. The paper finds that, while voter turnout in Latin America is rather low, the analysis of more general indicators of political activism reveals that participation is fairly homogenous across socio-economic strata. The finding that participation in Latin America, though low, is comparatively egalitarian seems to partly contradict the perception that Latin America’s history has been one of exclusion and marginalization.
    Keywords: Democracy, Election, Participation, Latin America
    JEL: D72
    Date: 2003–09
  3. By: Torsten Persson
    Abstract: The paper combines insights from the recent research programs on constitutions and economic policy, and on history, institutions and growth. Drawing on cross-sectional as well as panel data, it presents new empirical results showing that the form of democracy (rather than democracy vs. non-democracy) has important consequences for the adoption of structural polices that promote long-run economic performance. Reforms into parliamentary (as opposed to presidential), proportional (as opposed to majoritarian) and permanent (as opposed to temporary) democracy appear to produce the most growth-promoting policies.
    JEL: F43 H11 O57
    Date: 2005–03

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